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[Selective screening for hypercholesterolemia. Results from a screening model in general practice]
Ugeskr Laeger. 1990 Nov 5;152(45):3340-4
Publication Type
E. Agner
T E Christensen
M S Mahnfeldt
A. Baastrup
K. Jacobsen
S E Jensen
Author Affiliation
Den Københavnske Kolesterolgruppe.
Ugeskr Laeger. 1990 Nov 5;152(45):3340-4
Publication Type
Denmark - epidemiology
English Abstract
Family Practice
Hypercholesterolemia - epidemiology - prevention & control
Mass Screening - methods
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Risk factors
At present, it appears to be probable that both dietary changes and medicinal treatment can reduce the risk of development of coronary disease in middle-aged men with moderately to severely raised blood cholesterol values. Internationally, the limits for cholesterol intervention are considerably lower than in Denmark. Extensive cholesterol screening is, however, very expensive and the identified persons with high cholesterol values will frequently be found in sex and age groups where the beneficial effect of intervention is probably limited. A model for selective cholesterol screening in high risk groups in general practice is described here. In 20 general practices, all of the men aged 45-59 years belonging to the practice were invited to examination of cholesterol and blood pressure. Plasma cholesterol was measured by means of a Reflotron (results are available within three minutes) and the blood pressure and tobacco consumption were registered. After this, the patient's own general practitioner calculated with each of the persons the risk for development of myocardial infarction within the next ten years and intervention could be commenced immediately. 41% of those invited came for examination. Out of these, 29% had cholesterol values greater than or equal to 7.0 mmol/l (Danish limiting value), 44% greater than or equal to 6.5 mmol/l (limiting value in the remainder of Western Europe), and 5% greater than or equal to 9.0 mmol/l (severe hypercholesterolaemia) while only 18% had completely normal cholesterol less than 5.2 mmol/l. In every practice, two patients on an average were found with severe hypercholesterolaemia greater than or equal to 9.0 mmol/l. 28% of the participants had at least two of the three risk factors investigated. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
PubMed ID
2238223 View in PubMed
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