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Comparison of sexual behaviors, unprotected sex, and substance use between two independent cohorts of gay and bisexual men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature199200
Source
AIDS. 2000 Feb 18;14(3):303-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-18-2000
Author
K J Craib
A C Weber
P G Cornelisse
S L Martindale
M L Miller
M T Schechter
S A Strathdee
A. Schilder
R S Hogg
Author Affiliation
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, St Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, Canada.
Source
AIDS. 2000 Feb 18;14(3):303-11
Date
Feb-18-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Bisexuality
British Columbia - epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Condoms
Demography
HIV Infections - epidemiology
Homosexuality, Male
Humans
Incidence
Male
Multivariate Analysis
Prospective Studies
Sexual Partners
Substance-Related Disorders - epidemiology
Abstract
To compare demographic characteristics, sexual practices, unprotected receptive and insertive anal intercourse, substance use and rates of HIV-1 seroconversion between two prospective cohorts of HIV-negative men who have sex with men.
Comparative analysis of two independent cohorts.
Between May 1995 and April 1996, 235 HIV-negative Vanguard Project (VP) participants were enrolled and between January and December 1985, 263 HIV-negative participants in the Vancouver Lymphadenopathy AIDS Study (VLAS) completed a follow-up visit. The VP participants were compared with VLAS participants with respect to self-reported demographic variables, sexual behaviors, unprotected sex, substance use and rates of HIV-1 seroconversion during follow-up.
In comparison with the VLAS participants the VP participants were younger (median age, 26 versus 34 years; P
PubMed ID
10716507 View in PubMed
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HIV-associated risk factors among young Canadian Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal men who have sex with men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature3007
Source
Int J STD AIDS. 1999 Sep;10(9):582-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1999
Author
K V Heath
P G Cornelisse
S A Strathdee
A. Palepu
M L Miller
M T Schechter
M V O'Shaughnessy
R S Hogg
Author Affiliation
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Canada.
Source
Int J STD AIDS. 1999 Sep;10(9):582-7
Date
Sep-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Canada - epidemiology
Cohort Studies
HIV Infections - epidemiology - ethnology - etiology
Homosexuality, Male
Humans
Inuits
Male
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Risk-Taking
Sexual Behavior
Abstract
Young Aboriginal men face marginalization distinct in cause but similar in pattern to those seen among men who have sex with men (MSM) and may be at increased risk for HIV infection. We compared sociodemographic characteristics and risk taking behaviours associated with HIV infection among MSM of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal descent. Data for this comparison were gathered from baseline questionnaires completed by participants in a cohort study of young MSM. Data collection included: demographic characteristics such as age, length of time residing in the Vancouver region, housing, employment, income and income sources; mental health and personal support; instances of forced sex and sex trade participation and; sexual practices with regular and casual male sex partners. Data were available for 57 Aboriginal and 624 non-Aboriginal MSM. Aboriginal MSM were significantly less likely to be employed, more likely to live in unstable housing, to have incomes of 0.05). Our data indicate that among MSM, Aboriginal men are at increased risk of antecedent risk factors for HIV infection including sexual abuse, poverty, poor mental health and involvement in the sex trade.
PubMed ID
10492424 View in PubMed
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Sex trade involvement and rates of human immunodeficiency virus positivity among young gay and bisexual men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature191719
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Dec;30(6):1449-54; discussion 1455-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2001
Author
A E Weber
K J Craib
K. Chan
S. Martindale
M L Miller
M T Schechter
R S Hogg
Author Affiliation
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, St Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, Canada.
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Dec;30(6):1449-54; discussion 1455-6
Date
Dec-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Bisexuality - statistics & numerical data
British Columbia - epidemiology
Chi-Square Distribution
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
HIV-1
Homosexuality, Male - statistics & numerical data
Housing
Humans
Incidence
Logistic Models
Male
Prevalence
Prospective Studies
Prostitution
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Risk-Taking
Sexual Behavior
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral - epidemiology
Substance-Related Disorders - epidemiology
Abstract
Susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is of particular concern for marginalized populations. The objective of this study was to determine risk factors associated with sex trade work among young gay and bisexual men. Further, we aimed to compare HIV prevalence and incidence among men involved and not involved in sex trade work.
The study is based upon data obtained from a prospective cohort study of young gay and bisexual men. Participants had completed a baseline questionnaire which elicited information on demographic information, sexual behaviours, and substance use. Sex trade involvement was defined as the exchange of money, drugs, goods, clothing, shelter or protection for sex within the one year prior to enrollment. Contingency table and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify risk factors associated with involvement in the sex trade.
Of the 761 eligible participants, 126 (16%) reported involvement in sex trade work. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed regular alcohol use (Odds Ratio [OR] = 3.6, 95% CI : 1.8-7.2), aboriginal ethnicity (OR = 3.7, 95% CI : 1.6-8.7), unemployment (OR = 3.9, 95% CI : 2.1-7.3), history of residence in a psychiatric ward (OR = 4.2, 95% CI : 1.8-9.8), bisexual activity (OR = 7.0, 95% CI : 3.5-14.1) and the use of crack (OR = 7.4, 95% CI : 3.0-18.7) to be independently associated with sex trade work. Sex trade workers had a significantly higher HIV prevalence at baseline compared with non-sex trade workers (7.3% versus 1.1%, P
PubMed ID
11821362 View in PubMed
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