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Ectopic pregnancies in Greenland 1981-1990 verified by histology.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature64677
Source
Arctic Med Res. 1994 Oct;53(4):184-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1994
Author
P. Nymann
L. Elving
Author Affiliation
Department of Pathology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
Arctic Med Res. 1994 Oct;53(4):184-8
Date
Oct-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Female
Greenland - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Linear Models
Pregnancy
Pregnancy, Ectopic - epidemiology - pathology
Abstract
From 1981 to 1990 503 cases of ectopic pregnancy (EP) among Greenlandic females were confirmed by histologic examination. The yearly number more than tripled from 26 in 1981 to 89 in 1990. When correction for age distribution and the total number of conceptions were made the increase in incidence rates for the population age 15-44 as a whole, was statistically significant. The rate of EP/100,000 females increased from 223 in 1981 to 581 in 1990 (slope 34/yr, p
PubMed ID
7857476 View in PubMed
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Parity as a correlate of adult female urinary incontinence prevalence.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature64890
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 1992 Dec;46(6):595-600
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1992
Author
A. Foldspang
S. Mommsen
G W Lam
L. Elving
Author Affiliation
Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Aarhus C, Denmark.
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 1992 Dec;46(6):595-600
Date
Dec-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Maternal Age
Middle Aged
Parity
Pregnancy
Prevalence
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Time Factors
Urinary Incontinence - epidemiology - etiology
Urinary Incontinence, Stress - epidemiology - etiology
Abstract
STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to investigate the possible association between parity, as indicated by the number of childbirths, and prevalence of urinary incontinence in an adult female population sample. DESIGN AND SETTING--A sample of 3114 women aged 30-59 years was selected at random from the population of Aarhus, Denmark, and mailed a self administered questionnaire on urinary incontinence and, among other things, parity. PARTICIPANTS--A total of 2631 questionnaires was returned (85%) with a slight but significant decrease in respondency by age. MAIN RESULTS--The 1987 urinary incontinence period prevalence was 17%. Seventy eight percent were parous, and 24% had had three or more childbirths. In women aged 30-44 years, the prevalence of urinary incontinence was found to be associated with parity and, in women aged 45 years and more, with three or more childbirths. In parous women 30-44 years of age, the prevalence of urinary incontinence increased with age at least childbirth and, in women aged 45 years and over, it increased with increasing parity but decreased with increasing age at first childbirth. In parous women, no association was found with time since last childbirth. Among clinical types of urinary incontinence, stress incontinence consistently showed the strongest associations with indicators of parity. In women aged 30-44 years, nearly two thirds of the 1987 prevalence of stress incontinence could be attributed to parity. CONCLUSIONS--These findings support the hypothesis that pregnancy and childbirth are potent causes of female urinary incontinence, so that they exert considerable impact on the level of population urinary incontinence prevalence. In the individual woman, the effect seems to be cumulative and long lasting but fades with age.
PubMed ID
1494074 View in PubMed
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