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Indigenous perspectives on wellness and health in Canada: study protocol for a scoping review.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature305084
Source
Syst Rev. 2020 08 11; 9(1):177
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
08-11-2020
Author
K Thiessen
M Haworth-Brockman
R Stout
P Moffitt
J Gelowitz
J Schneider
L Demczuk
Author Affiliation
College of Nursing, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, 89 Curry Place, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2, Canada. Kellie.thiessen@umanitoba.ca.
Source
Syst Rev. 2020 08 11; 9(1):177
Date
08-11-2020
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
Indigenous communities are often portrayed from a deficit-based lens; however, Indigenous communities have self-determined perspectives of health and well-being that are strength based. The objective of this study will be to systematically map the literature on perspectives, concepts, and constructs of wellness and well-being in Indigenous communities in Canada.
A scoping review protocol was designed following the Arksey and O'Malley framework. We will search the following electronic databases (from inception onwards): MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, Academic Search Complete, Anthropology Plus, Bibliography of Native North Americans, Canadian Business and Current Affairs, and Circumpolar Health Bibliographic Database. Grey literature will be identified through searching dissertation databases, Google Scholar, and conference abstracts. We will include all types of literature in English, published and unpublished, including any study design, reviews and meta-analyses, dissertations, reports, and books. The literature considered should describe or reflect Indigenous perspectives that identify concepts or constructs related to well-being or wellness; literature can be from any setting in Canada. Two reviewers will independently screen all citations, full-text reports, and abstract data. Data analysis will involve quantitative descriptions (e.g. frequencies) and qualitative content analysis methods.
This review will provide a synthesis of the literature on Indigenous perspectives, concepts, and constructs of wellness and well-being in Canada. We anticipate the study will contribute to improve our understanding of how Indigenous communities conceptualize and embody wellness. Our findings will provide a basis for engaging Indigenous stakeholders in future health research and informing future interpretations of how wellness is conceptualized, whether written or unwritten.
PubMed ID
32782011 View in PubMed
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Thyroid dosimetry in the western trace of the Chernobyl accident plume.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature17895
Source
Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2004;108(2):133-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
T. Nedveckaite
V. Filistovic
A. Mastauskas
K. Thiessen
Author Affiliation
Institute of Physics, Savanoriu 231, Lt-2058, Lithuania.
Source
Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2004;108(2):133-41
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Air Pollutants, Radioactive
Child
Child, Preschool
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Iodine - deficiency - urine
Iodine Radioisotopes - chemistry
Lithuania
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology
Power Plants
Radiation Dosage
Radiometry - methods
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Thyroid Neoplasms - epidemiology
Ukraine
Abstract
According to World Health Organization guidelines (WHO/SDE/PHE/99.6), the reference level for consideration in stable iodine prophylaxis is based on the inhalation exposure pathway. In the western trace of the Chernobyl accident, the measurement of airborne (131)I fractions (aerosol-associated, gaseous reactive and gaseous organic) indicates that airborne gaseous reactive and, especially, organic (131)I fractions were the major contributors to thyroid exposure due to inhalation. The contribution of inhaled short-lived radioiodines was negligible. To attain more precise thyroid exposure evaluation, (131)I dose factors were determined as a function of age and prevalence of stable iodine deficiency. The results demonstrate that children with a stable iodine deficiency experienced at least two times higher thyroid doses than did children with a dietary iodine sufficiency. The results of these investigations demonstrate that in thyroid dosimetry it is important to know the stable iodine status as well as to have a standardised method for airborne radioiodine measurements, especially for consideration of stable iodine prophylaxis based on the inhalation exposure pathway.
PubMed ID
14978293 View in PubMed
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