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6 records – page 1 of 1.

Adolescent daily cigarette smoking: Is rural residency a risk factor?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101093
Source
Rural and Remote Health. 2008 Jan-Mar;8(1):875
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-Mar 2008
Author
Lutfiyya, MN
Shah, KK
Johnson, M
Bales, RW
Cha, I
McGrath, C
Serpa, L
Lipsky, MS
Author Affiliation
University of Illinois, College of Medicine at Rockford, Rockford, Illinois, USA. lutfiyya@uic.edu
Source
Rural and Remote Health. 2008 Jan-Mar;8(1):875
Date
Jan-Mar 2008
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
adolescents
Daily cigarette smoking
Demographic factors
Rural locales
US
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Daily cigarette smoking among US adolescents remains a significant public health problem. Understanding risk is important in order to develop strategies to reduce this type of tobacco use. Purpose: The primary objective of this research was to examine whether rural residency is an independent risk factor for being a daily smoker among adolescents ages 12 to 18 years.METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study where univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were performed on a merged 1997-2003 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System dataset to determine whether rural residence was a significant risk factor for daily cigarette smoking, after adjusting for demographic factors.RESULTS: Using daily smoking as the dependent variable, initial multivariate analyses revealed that adolescents who lived either in suburban (OR=.34, CI=.32, .36) or urban (OR=.33, CI=.31, .35) locales were less likely to become daily smokers than adolescents living in rural locales. Subsequent logistic regression analysis yielded that rural youths who became daily smokers were more likely to: have used smokeless tobacco products in the past 12 months (OR=1.25, CI=1.04,1.51); be female (OR=1.42, CI=1.23, 1.64); be Caucasian (OR=1.53, CI=1.28, 1.84); have first smoked a whole cigarette when they were 12 years of age or younger (OR=2.08, CI=1.82, 2.38); and have smoked at school in the past 30 days (OR=14.52, CI=11.97, 17.60).CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that rural residency is a risk factor for tobacco use among US youth.
PubMed ID
18366278 View in PubMed
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Alaska's approach to planning an emergency medical service system: how is it working three years later?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature76569
Source
Pages 373-376 in R. Fortuine, ed. Circumpolar Health 84. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, 6th, Anchorage, 13-18 May, 1984. University of Washington Press, Seattle. 1985.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1985
  1 document  
Author
Way, G. H.
Johnson, M. S.
Author Affiliation
Emergency Medical Services Section, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Juneau, Alaska
Source
Pages 373-376 in R. Fortuine, ed. Circumpolar Health 84. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, 6th, Anchorage, 13-18 May, 1984. University of Washington Press, Seattle. 1985.
Date
1985
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Alaska State Health Plan
EMS
Federal Government
Infrastructure
Regional centers
Sub-regional centers
Urban centers
Villages
Documents
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Hemophilia joint health score reliability study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81036
Source
Haemophilia. 2006 Sep;12(5):518-25
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2006
Author
Hilliard P.
Funk S.
Zourikian N.
Bergstrom B-M
Bradley C S
McLimont M.
Manco-Johnson M.
Petrini P.
van den Berg M.
Feldman B M
Author Affiliation
Department of Rehabilitation Service, the Division of Rheumatology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Canada. pamela.hilliard@sickkids.ca
Source
Haemophilia. 2006 Sep;12(5):518-25
Date
Sep-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Ankle Joint - pathology
Child
Child, Preschool
Elbow Joint - pathology
Gait
Hemophilia A - complications - pathology
Humans
Joint Diseases - etiology - pathology
Knee Joint - pathology
Male
Observer Variation
Physical Therapy Modalities
Reproducibility of Results
Abstract
Measurement of joint health is critically important when assessing children with haemophilia. Few measures exist; they lack sensitivity to small changes, don't account for normal development and were never formally validated. To address these concerns, the Hemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS) was developed by modifying existing scores. OBJECTIVE: To test the inter-observer and test-retest reliability of the HJHS. METHODS: Using a fully factorial design, four physiotherapists (from Canada, the United States and Sweden) examined eight boys with severe haemophilia A on two consecutive days using the HJHS. The boys ranged in age from 4-12 years and presented with variable joint damage. Six index joints (elbows, knees and ankles) were assessed on 11 impairment items including swelling, flexion and extension loss and gait. Concordance was measured by the intra-class correlation co-efficient. RESULTS: Reliability of the HJHS was excellent with an inter-observer co-efficient of 0.83 and a test-retest of 0.89. CONCLUSION: This study is the first in a series to assess the psychometric properties of the HJHS, a promising new measure of joint health in boys with haemophilia.
PubMed ID
16919083 View in PubMed
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Hunt for seals oils tradition, diet on coast

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature83450
Source
Anchorage Daily News
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
Johnson, M.
Author Affiliation
The Arctic Sounder
Source
Anchorage Daily News
Date
2006
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
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Objective prioritization of positional candidate genes at a quantitative trait locus for pre-eclampsia on 2q22.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81659
Source
Mol Hum Reprod. 2006 Aug;12(8):505-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2006
Author
Moses E K
Fitzpatrick E.
Freed K A
Dyer T D
Forrest S.
Elliott K.
Johnson M P
Blangero J.
Brennecke S P
Author Affiliation
Department of Genetics, Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, San Antonio, TX 78227-5301, USA. moses@darwin.sfbr.org
Source
Mol Hum Reprod. 2006 Aug;12(8):505-12
Date
Aug-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activin Receptors, Type II - genetics
Australia
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2 - genetics
Female
Genetic Predisposition to Disease - genetics
Genotype
Humans
Linkage (Genetics) - genetics
Linkage Disequilibrium - genetics
New Zealand
Pedigree
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide - genetics
Pre-Eclampsia - genetics
Pregnancy
Quantitative Trait Loci - genetics
Abstract
Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia (PE/E) is a common, serious medical disorder of human pregnancy. Familial association of PE/E has been recognized for decades, but the genetics are complex and poorly understood. In an attempt to identify PE/E susceptibility genes, we embarked on a positional cloning strategy using 34 Australian and New Zealand PE/E pedigrees. An initial 10-cM resolution genome scan revealed a putative susceptibility locus spanning a broad region on chromosome 2 that overlaps an independently determined linkage signal seen in Icelandic PE pedigrees. Subsequent fine mapping using 25 additional short tandem repeat (STR) markers in this region and non-parametric multipoint linkage analysis did not change the overall position. Under a strict diagnosis of PE, we obtained significant evidence of linkage on 2q with a peak log-of-odds ratio score (LOD) of 3.43 near marker D2S151 at 155 cM. To prioritize positional candidate genes at the 2q locus for detailed analysis, we applied an objective prioritization strategy that integrates quantitative bioinformatics, assessment of differential gene expression and association analysis of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Highest priority was assigned to the activin receptor gene ACVR2. This gene also showed >10-fold differential gene expression in human decidual tissue from normotensive and PE individuals. We genotyped five known SNPs in this gene in our pedigrees and performed tests for association and linkage disequilibrium. One SNP (rs1424954) showed strong preliminary evidence of association with PE (P = 0.007), whereas two others (rs1364658 and rs1895694) exhibited nominal evidence (P
PubMed ID
16809377 View in PubMed
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Two way live satellite television in northern medical education

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature76993
Source
Page 172 in S.O. Ombish-Kuznetsov, ed. Scientific and Technical Progress and Circumpolar Health. The Abstracts Accepted for the IV International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Volume I. Nobosibirsk, USSR, 2-7 Oktober, 1978
Publication Type
Article
Date
1978
  1 document  
Author
Schwarz, M.R.
Myers, W.W.
De'Ak, W.
Myers, H.A.
Williams, D.D.
Johnson, M.
Author Affiliation
Fairbanks, USA
Source
Page 172 in S.O. Ombish-Kuznetsov, ed. Scientific and Technical Progress and Circumpolar Health. The Abstracts Accepted for the IV International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Volume I. Nobosibirsk, USSR, 2-7 Oktober, 1978
Date
1978
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Documents
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6 records – page 1 of 1.