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Undermining subsistence: Barren-ground caribou in a "tragedy of open access".

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature303035
Source
Sci Adv. 2018 02; 4(2):e1701611
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
02-2018
Author
Brenda L Parlee
John Sandlos
David C Natcher
Author Affiliation
Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G2H1, Canada.
Source
Sci Adv. 2018 02; 4(2):e1701611
Date
02-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adaptation, Physiological
Animals
Canada
Ecosystem
Geography
Humans
Minerals
Mining
Population Dynamics
Population Groups
Porcupines - physiology
Reindeer - physiology
Abstract
Sustaining arctic/subarctic ecosystems and the livelihoods of northern Indigenous peoples is an immense challenge amid increasing resource development. The paper describes a "tragedy of open access" occurring in Canada's north as governments open up new areas of sensitive barren-ground caribou habitat to mineral resource development. Once numbering in the millions, barren-ground caribou populations (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus/Rangifer tarandus granti) have declined over 70% in northern Canada over the last two decades in a cycle well understood by northern Indigenous peoples and scientists. However, as some herds reach critically low population levels, the impacts of human disturbance have become a major focus of debate in the north and elsewhere. A growing body of science and traditional knowledge research points to the adverse impacts of resource development; however, management efforts have been almost exclusively focused on controlling the subsistence harvest of northern Indigenous peoples. These efforts to control Indigenous harvesting parallel management practices during previous periods of caribou population decline (for example, 1950s) during which time governments also lacked evidence and appeared motivated by other values and interests in northern lands and resources. As mineral resource development advances in northern Canada and elsewhere, addressing this "science-policy gap" problem is critical to the sustainability of both caribou and people.
PubMed ID
29503864 View in PubMed
Less detail

Undermining subsistence: Barren-ground caribou in a "tragedy of open access".

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290197
Source
Sci Adv. 2018 Feb; 4(2):e1701611
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Feb-2018
Author
Brenda L Parlee
John Sandlos
David C Natcher
Author Affiliation
Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G2H1, Canada.
Source
Sci Adv. 2018 Feb; 4(2):e1701611
Date
Feb-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Sustaining arctic/subarctic ecosystems and the livelihoods of northern Indigenous peoples is an immense challenge amid increasing resource development. The paper describes a "tragedy of open access" occurring in Canada's north as governments open up new areas of sensitive barren-ground caribou habitat to mineral resource development. Once numbering in the millions, barren-ground caribou populations (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus/Rangifer tarandus granti) have declined over 70% in northern Canada over the last two decades in a cycle well understood by northern Indigenous peoples and scientists. However, as some herds reach critically low population levels, the impacts of human disturbance have become a major focus of debate in the north and elsewhere. A growing body of science and traditional knowledge research points to the adverse impacts of resource development; however, management efforts have been almost exclusively focused on controlling the subsistence harvest of northern Indigenous peoples. These efforts to control Indigenous harvesting parallel management practices during previous periods of caribou population decline (for example, 1950s) during which time governments also lacked evidence and appeared motivated by other values and interests in northern lands and resources. As mineral resource development advances in northern Canada and elsewhere, addressing this "science-policy gap" problem is critical to the sustainability of both caribou and people.
Notes
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PubMed ID
29503864 View in PubMed
Less detail