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Predictors and mediators of differences in soft drinks consumption according to gender and plans of further education among Norwegian secondary-school children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature129288
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2013 Jul;16(7):1250-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2013
Author
Marit Hilsen
Saskia J te Velde
Elling Bere
Johannes Brug
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, Postboks 422, University of Agder, 4604 Kristiansand, Norway. marit.hilsen@medisin.uio.no
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2013 Jul;16(7):1250-6
Date
Jul-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Carbonated Beverages
Cross-Sectional Studies
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Food Habits
Food Preferences
Fruit
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Multilevel Analysis
Norway
Questionnaires
Schools
Socioeconomic Factors
Vegetables
Abstract
To explore mediators of gender and educational differences in sugarsweetened soft drinks consumption (SDC) and whether gender and level of future education moderate the associations of accessibility, modelling, attitudes and preferences with SDC.
A cross-sectional school-based survey within the Fruits and Vegetables Makes the Marks (FVMM) project from 2005.
The questionnaires were completed by the pupils in the classroom guided by a trained project worker during one class session. The questionnaire included questions on SDC (times/week), the potential mediators and moderators. Multilevel linear regression models were used to calculate the mediating and moderating effects.
A total of 2870 children in 9th and 10th grade (mean age 15?5 years) at thirty-three Norwegian secondary schools were included in the present study.
Girls (B521?06) and pupils planning higher education (B520?69) reported lower frequency of SDC. The strongest mediators were accessibility and modelling for future educational plans differences (explaining alone respectively 69% and 44 %) and attitudes and preferences for gender differences (explaining were found, and all associations between the mediators and SDC were in the same direction for both genders and for those with and without plans of higher future education.
Preferences and modelling may contribute to gender and educational differences in SDC. The small moderating effects indicate that interventions aiming to reduce SDC can target the same mediators for boys and girls and children planning different levels of future education.
PubMed ID
22122782 View in PubMed
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Socioeconomic inequalities in occupational, leisure-time, and transport related physical activity among European adults: a systematic review.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature120545
Source
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012;9:116
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
Marielle A Beenackers
Carlijn B M Kamphuis
Katrina Giskes
Johannes Brug
Anton E Kunst
Alex Burdorf
Frank J van Lenthe
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands. m.beenackers@erasmusmc.nl
Source
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012;9:116
Date
2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Europe
European Continental Ancestry Group
Health Behavior
Humans
Leisure Activities
Motor Activity
Occupations
Questionnaires
Scandinavia
Socioeconomic Factors
Sports
Transportation - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
This study systematically reviewed the evidence pertaining to socioeconomic inequalities in different domains of physical activity (PA) by European region.
Studies conducted between January 2000 and December 2010 were identified by a systematic search in Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, Psychinfo, Sportdiscus, Sociological Abstracts, and Social Service Abstracts. English-language peer-reviewed studies undertaken in the general population of adults (18-65?years) were classified by domain of PA (total, leisure-time including sport, occupational, active transport), indicator of socioeconomic position (education, income, occupation), and European region. Distributions of reported positive, negative, and null associations were evaluated.
A total of 131 studies met the inclusion criteria. Most studies were conducted in Scandinavia (n = 47). Leisure-time PA was the most frequently studied PA outcome (n = 112). Considerable differences in the direction of inequalities were seen for the different domains of PA. Most studies reported that those with high socioeconomic position were more physically active during leisure-time compared to those with low socioeconomic position (68% positive associations for total leisure-time PA, 76% for vigorous leisure-time PA). Occupational PA was more prevalent among the lower socioeconomic groups (63% negative associations). Socioeconomic differences in total PA and active transport PA did not show a consistent pattern (40% and 38% positive associations respectively). Some inequalities differed by European region or socioeconomic indicator, however these differences were not very pronounced.
The direction of socioeconomic inequalities in PA in Europe differed considerably by domain of PA. The contradictory results for total PA may partly be explained by contrasting socioeconomic patterns for leisure-time PA and occupational PA.
Notes
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PubMed ID
22992350 View in PubMed
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