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Cognitive function in outpatients with perceived chronic stress.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature162966
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2007 Jun;33(3):223-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2007
Author
Lena Ohman
Steven Nordin
Jan Bergdahl
Lisbeth Slunga Birgander
Anna Stigsdotter Neely
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden. lena.ohman@psy.umu.se
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2007 Jun;33(3):223-32
Date
Jun-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Burnout, Professional - complications - psychology
Case-Control Studies
Chronic Disease
Cognition Disorders - diagnosis - etiology - psychology
Female
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Memory
Mental Recall
Outpatients - psychology
Psychological Tests
Psychomotor Performance
Questionnaires
Stress, Psychological - etiology - psychology
Sweden
Abstract
The number of employees on sick leave due to stress-related syndromes has increased drastically in many industrialized countries. Cognitive dysfunction is a common complaint among patients suffering from chronic stress. Previous research on chronic stress has mainly focused on its interpersonal, attitudinal, psychological, organizational, and physical effects. Less attention has been allocated to effects of chronic stress on cognitive functioning. Hence the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between chronic stress and cognition.
The cognitive performance of 19 chronic stress outpatients and 19 matched controls was studied. A battery of standard and experimental cognitive tests assessing processing speed, attention, working memory, and episodic and semantic memory were administered.
Performance deficits of the chronic stress patients relative to the performance of the controls were found for some but not all cognitive tasks, indicating a selective deficit. Deficits were found for episodic memory, particularly for learning across repeated trials and for tasks requiring divided attention during either the encoding or retrieval of words. Performance differences were also found for aspects of working memory, mental tempo, semantic access, and prospective memory, but not for basic perceptual speed measures.
These findings may suggest suboptimal executive functioning (eg, strategic or attentional control) among chronic stress patients. Particularly, poor performance in letter fluency and prospective memory were significantly associated with chronic stress, the finding suggesting the usefulness of these tests as clinical tools in evaluations of chronic stress states.
PubMed ID
17572832 View in PubMed
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Dental anxiety: a comparison of students of dentistry, biology, and psychology.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature257079
Source
J Multidiscip Healthc. 2014;7:413-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Helene Persen Storjord
Mari Mjønes Teodorsen
Jan Bergdahl
Rolf Wynn
Jan-Are Kolset Johnsen
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Dentistry, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
Source
J Multidiscip Healthc. 2014;7:413-8
Date
2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
Dental anxiety is an important challenge for many patients and clinicians. It is thus of importance to know more about dental students' own experiences with dental anxiety and their understanding of dental anxiety. The aim was to investigate differences in dental anxiety levels between dental students, psychology students, and biology students at a Norwegian university.
A total of 510 students of dentistry, psychology, and biology at the University of Tromsø received a questionnaire consisting of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale, demographic questions, and questions relating to their last visit to the dentist/dental hygienist; 169 students gave complete responses. Nonparametric tests were used to investigate differences between the student groups.
The respondents were 78% female and 22% male; their mean age was 24 years. The dental students showed a significantly lower degree of dental anxiety than the psychology (P
PubMed ID
25285013 View in PubMed
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Development and validation of an instrument to assess oral health literacy in Norwegian adult dental patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270269
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 2015;73(7):530-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Linda Stein
Kjell Sverre Pettersen
Maud Bergdahl
Jan Bergdahl
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 2015;73(7):530-8
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Bacterial Load
Comprehension
DMF Index
Dental Caries - etiology
Female
Food Habits
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Literacy - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Lactobacillus - isolation & purification
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Oral Health - statistics & numerical data
Oral Hygiene
Periodontitis - etiology
Reproducibility of Results
Risk factors
Saliva - microbiology - secretion
Secretory Rate - physiology
Smoking
Streptococcus mutans - isolation & purification
Surveys and Questionnaires
Young Adult
Abstract
To develop and validate an interview instrument to assess oral health literacy in Norwegian adult dental patients.
The instrument, Adult Health Literacy Instrument for Dentistry (AHLID), was based on an OECD instrument used to assess general literacy in adults. One hundred and thirty Norwegian adults (mean age = 48 years; 57% women) participated. AHLID included a selection of oral health-related printed texts that ranged from 1-5 with respect to difficulty. A questionnaire regarding socio-demographic variables and knowledge of risk factors for oral disease was used. DMFT, stimulated salivary flow rate and streptococcus mutans and lactobacillus in saliva was also examined.
The Cronbach's alpha values of AHLID were 0.98 for internal consistency reliability (p
PubMed ID
25652174 View in PubMed
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Dimensionality of stress experiences: Factorial structure of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ) in a population-based Swedish sample.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature278651
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2015 Oct;56(5):592-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2015
Author
Michael Rönnlund
Peter Vestergren
Andreas Stenling
Lars-Göran Nilsson
Maud Bergdahl
Jan Bergdahl
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2015 Oct;56(5):592-8
Date
Oct-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Psychometrics - instrumentation - statistics & numerical data
Stress, Psychological - diagnosis
Surveys and Questionnaires - standards
Sweden
Abstract
We investigated the factorial structure of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ-recent; Levenstein, Prantera, Varvo et al., 1993) in a large (N = 1516; 35-95 years) population-based Swedish sample (Nilsson, Adolfsson, Bäckman et al., 2004; Nilsson, Bäckman, Erngrund et al., 1997). Exploratory principal components analysis (PCA) was conducted on a first, randomly drawn subsample (n = 506). Next, the model based on the PCA was tested in a second sample (n = 505). Finally, a third sample (n = 505) was used to cross-validate the model. Five components were extracted in the PCA (eigenvalue > 1) and labeled "Demands," "Worries/Tension," "Lack of joy," "Conflict," and "Fatigue," respectively. Twenty-one out of the 30 original PSQ items were retained in a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) model that included the five (first-order) factors and, additionally, a general (second-order) stress factor, not considered in prior models. The model showed reasonable goodness of fit [?(2)(184) = 511.2, p
PubMed ID
26096909 View in PubMed
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Medical and social prognosis for patients with perceived hypersensitivity to electricity and skin symptoms related to the use of visual display terminals.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature71510
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2002 Oct;28(5):349-57
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2002
Author
Berndt Stenberg
Jan Bergdahl
Berit Edvardsson
Nils Eriksson
Gerd Lindén
Lars Widman
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Sweden. berndt.stenberg@vll.se
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2002 Oct;28(5):349-57
Date
Oct-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Adult
Computer Terminals
Electricity - adverse effects
Environmental Illness - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology - rehabilitation
Facial Dermatoses - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology - rehabilitation
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health status
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Mental health
Middle Aged
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Prevalence
Prognosis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Statistics, nonparametric
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: This study attempted to give a medical and social prognosis for patients with perceived "electrical sensitivity". METHODS: In 1980-1998, 350 patients with electrical sensitivity were registered at the University Hospital of Northern Sweden in Umeå, Sweden. Those with hypersensitivity to electricity had multiple symptoms evoked by exposure to different electric environments. Those with skin symptoms related to the use of visual display terminals (VDT) predominantly had facial skin symptoms evoked by a VDT, television screens, or fluorescent light tubes. A questionnaire on civil status, current health status, care, treatment and other measures taken, consequences of the problem, eliciting factors, and current employment was sent to all the patients. The response rate was 73%. Of the 50 respondents with hypersensitivity to electricity, 38% were men and 62% were women. Of the 200 patients with skin symptoms related to VDT use, 21.5% were men and 78.5% women. RESULTS: More women than men had turned to caregivers, including complementary therapies. A larger proportion of patients with hypersensitivity to electricity (38%) than those with skin symptoms related to VDT use (17%) was no longer gainfully employed. Both groups reported a higher symptom frequency than that reported by the the general population. Over time, the medical prognosis improved in the latter group but not in the former. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with hypersensitivity to electricity, particularly women, have extensive medical problems and a considerable number of them stop working. Many patients with skin symptoms related to VDT use have a favorable prognosis. Both groups need early and consistent management.
PubMed ID
12432989 View in PubMed
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Psychological symptoms and self-image of patients with complaints attributed to dental restorative materials.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295669
Source
Clin Oral Investig. 2018 Oct 27; :
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Oct-27-2018
Author
Lena Mårell
Jan Bergdahl
Anders Tillberg
Berndt Stenberg
Anders Berglund
Author Affiliation
Department of Odontology, Umeå University, S-901 87, Umeå, Sweden. lena.marell@umu.se.
Source
Clin Oral Investig. 2018 Oct 27; :
Date
Oct-27-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
The aim was to study self-image and the level of psychological symptoms in patients with symptoms attributed to their dental restorative materials.
A questionnaire containing questions regarding dental and medical history was answered by 257 participants, one group with local oral symptoms only (LSO), and one group with multi-symptoms (M-S). A reference group was randomly selected from a research database at the Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Sweden. The self-image was assessed using the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB). Psychological symptoms such as somatization, depression, and anxiety were assessed using the Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90) and the Global Severity Index (GSI) was used to determine the level of psychological symptoms.
SASB showed that the M-S group and the LSO-group scored significantly higher on the "spontaneous" and "positive self-image" than the reference group. In the SCL-90, the M-S group scored significantly higher than the LSO-group and the references on the somatization subscales. On depression, anxiety, and the GSI scale, the M-S group scored significantly higher than the reference group.
The two subgroups scored significantly higher on the SASB Spontaneous and Positive clusters which indicates that these patients have an excessively positive self-image, are very spontaneous and have an overconfidence in themselves compared to the reference group. In the M-S group there was a clear tendency to somatization, depression, and anxiety and they were more psychologically stressed than the reference group.
Among the patients with illness attributed to their dental materials, the M-S-patients had a significantly higher level of general psychological distress and somatization than the control group which may lead to mental stress.
PubMed ID
30368660 View in PubMed
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6 records – page 1 of 1.