In February 1999, an outbreak of listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes serotype 3a occurred in Finland. All isolates were identical. The outbreak strain was first isolated in 1997 in dairy butter. This dairy began delivery to a tertiary care hospital (TCH) in June 1998. From June 1998 to April 1999, 25 case patients were identified (20 with sepsis, 4 with meningitis, and 1 with abscess; 6 patients died). Patients with the outbreak strain were more likely to have been admitted to the TCH than were patients with other strains of L. monocytogenes (60% vs. 8%; odds ratio, 17.3; 95% confidence interval, 2.8-136.8). Case patients admitted to the TCH had been hospitalized longer before cultures tested positive than had matched controls (median, 31 vs. 10 days; P=.008). An investigation found the outbreak strain in packaged butter served at the TCH and at the source dairy. Recall of the product ended the outbreak.
To determine the occurrence and clinical characteristics of reactive arthritis (ReA) after an outbreak of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis serotype O:3 infection.
From 15 October to 6 November 1998, a widespread outbreak of Y pseudotuberculosis serotype O:3 occurred in Finland. A questionnaire on musculoskeletal symptoms was mailed to 38 patients with infection confirmed by culture. All patients who reported joint symptoms were interviewed by phone and their medical records of outpatient visits or hospital admission because of recent joint symptoms were reviewed.
Thirty three of 38 (87%) patients returned the questionnaire. Reactive musculoskeletal symptoms were reported by 5/33 (15%): four patients (12%) fulfilled the criteria for ReA and one additional patient had reactive enthesopathy. The patients with ReA were adults (age range 40-47 years), whereas the patient with reactive enthesopathy was a 14 year old boy. In all patients with ReA, the arthritis was polyarticular. In addition to peripheral arthritis, other musculoskeletal symptoms included sacroiliitis (one patient), pain in Achilles tendon (one patient), and heel pain (two patients). HLA-B27 was positive in all the three patients tested. In three of four patients with ReA, the duration of acute arthritis was over six months.
Y pseudotuberculosis serotype O:3 infection is frequently associated with ReA and the clinical picture is severe.
Cites: Ann Rheum Dis. 2001 Nov;60(11):1055-711602478
Mosquito bite-sensitive subjects frequently have circulating IgE and IgG4 antibodies to Aedes mosquito saliva proteins.
In the present study we examined the antibody response during a mosquito season in 14 subjects living in Finnish Lapland. Immunoblotting was performed with Aedes communis saliva and the 22- and 36-kD antisaliva antibody bands were analyzed.
The preseason sera showed IgE antibodies to the main saliva antigens in 12, IgG4 antibodies in all 14 and IgG1 antibodies in 12 subjects, and the postseason sera in all but 1 subject. The postseason sera showed significantly more intense IgE (p