The 1H NMR spectra of the lipid region of human plasma from healthy adults, neonates, and patients with malignant and nonmalignant tumors have been recorded on a JNM-GX400 FT spectrometer operating at 399.6 MHz for protons. The chemical shifts of methylene and methyl groups of plasma lipids were measured with respect to the higher field component of the methyl proton resonance of the lactate molecule. The results show that there are changes in the chemical shifts of the methylene proton resonances among the plasma from healthy adults, adults with tumors, and neonates. The shifts observed in the case of cancer patients and neonates are in the direction opposite to the shift measured from the plasma of healthy adults. Thus, the observed changes cannot be explained by the activity in the cell proliferation of tissues which is high in the cases of both healthy neonates and patients with malignant tumors, but they most probably reflect the different lipoprotein compositions of neonates, healthy adults, and adults with tumors.
The usefulness of proton NMR spectroscopy of human blood plasma for cancer research has been extensively studied in recent years. Two main starting points have been offered by Fossel et al. (N. Engl. J. Med. 315, 1369 (1986)) and Mountford et al. (FEBS Lett. 203, 164 (1986)). In this work the experimental proton NMR spectra of blood plasma were analyzed with the aid of the multivariate lineshape fitting method. An appropriate model structure, in terms of the various lipoprotein (VLDL, LDL, and HDL) signals, for the methylene region was used. Neonates, healthy adults, and adults with nonmalignant and malignant tumors were studied. The linewidth of the methylene region was found to be linearly dependent on the relative concentrations of the lipoproteins. The correlation coefficient was -0.89 (P less than 0.001) for VLDL and 0.88 (P less than 0.001) for HDL. A correlation between VLDL concentration and age, 0.76 (P less than 0.001), was also established. VLDL was modeled using two components. The half-linewidth of the lower field component was slightly elevated for the adults with large metastases. This might be in association with the fucose-containing proteolipid complex detected earlier in cancer cells or in sera of cancer patients. Some signals of this complex may fall in the same region of the spectra. The spectra for the neonates were indicated to be totally different from the adults. This and other related questions were explained by means of the model parameters and the relative concentrations of the lipoproteins VLDL, LDL, and HDL. The presented technique can be used as a rapid research tool for figuring out the relative concentrations of the lipoproteins in blood plasma and explaining the reasons behind the changes in the spectra.
We present here a combination of time-domain signal analysis procedures for quantification of human brain in vivo 1H NMR spectroscopy (MRS) data. The method is based on a separate removal of a residual water resonance followed by a frequency-selective time-domain line-shape fitting analysis of metabolite signals. Calculation of absolute metabolite concentrations was based on the internal water concentration as a reference. The estimated average metabolite concentrations acquired from six regions of normal human brain with a single-voxel spin-echo technique for the N-acetylaspartate, creatine, and choline-containing compounds were 11.4 +/- 1.0, 6.5 +/- 0.5, and 1.7 +/- 0.2 mumol kg-1 wet weight, respectively. The time-domain analyses of in vivo 1H MRS data from different brain regions with their specific characteristics demonstrate a case in which the use of frequency-domain methods pose serious difficulties.