Based on a simple register for thoracic and cardiovascular operations a modulated system has been built up at Department of Surgery A. The register covers waiting list, a basic patient record, extensive operative data, the postoperative course and the final outcome. A local area network includes 36 microcomputers with approximately 75 users. Owing to lack of commercially available programs, local applications based on dBase have been developed. In this article we discuss our positive experiences from use of the local system with respect to administration, quality assurance and local research, its future place within a larger hospital system interconnected via a backbone, the need for better support and graphic user interface.
Of 35 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at the age of 40 years or less, 32 (91%) smoked and only three patients were non-smokers. The age at AMI related significantly to the extent of smoking (p 30 years at the AMI had a Q-wave infarction as often (11 of 13 (85%)) as those with multivessel disease or a coronary artery occlusion (8 of 9 (89%) and 14 of 16 (88%) respectively) on coronary arteriography after the infarction. Smoking may be the most important modifiable risk factor in young patients with AMI.
A screening investigation was carried out in a large industry in the Copenhagen region and 1,472 of the employees were offered examination of blood cholesterol and measurement of blood pressure. At this examination the employees completed a one-page questionnaire about other cardiovascular risk factors. 45% of those invited participated in the investigation, the poorest participation was among women and the greatest among the male officials. On account of the limited number of female employees, the majority of results were only calculated for men. Over 1/3 of these had hypercholesteremia (greater than or equal to 7.0 mmol/l) and nearly 1/3 had, simultaneously, at least two cardiovascular risk factors in addition to age and male sex. Extensive occupational investigations under the auspices of WHO have demonstrated that energetic intervention at the place of work aimed at the cardiovascular risk factors can reduce the risk of development of coronary heart disease and death within a six-year follow-up period. It is therefore emphasized that similar interventions are very necessary also in Denmark.
The aim of the present study was to examine the extent of secondary prophylaxis in patients following hospitalization under the diagnosis of ischaemic heart (IHD). Our data were based on hospital records and questionnaires sent to patients admitted to the Cardiological Department, Frederiksberg Hospital, under the diagnosis of IHD during the first six months of 1996. One hundred and twenty-five patients were included, of these 106 answered the questionnaire. We found that overall patients were insufficiently treated with aspirin, beta-blockers and antilipidaemic agents. Measures to reduce smoking and to increase physical exercise were sparse. We concluded that secondary intervention instituted from the Cardiological Department in question was not up to generally agreed standards. Suggestions to improve secondary prophylaxis in patients with IHD are presented. The importance of increased co-operation between hospital, general practitioner and patient is emphasized. A patient-born record designed for this purpose is presented.