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Arctic avian predators synchronise their spring migration with the northern progression of snowmelt.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature306076
Source
Sci Rep. 2020 04 29; 10(1):7220
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
04-29-2020
Author
Teja Curk
Ivan Pokrovsky
Nicolas Lecomte
Tomas Aarvak
David F Brinker
Kurt Burnham
Andreas Dietz
Andrew Dixon
Alastair Franke
Gilles Gauthier
Karl-Otto Jacobsen
Jeff Kidd
Stephen B Lewis
Ingar J Øien
Aleksandr Sokolov
Vasiliy Sokolov
Roar Solheim
Scott Weidensaul
Karen Wiebe
Martin Wikelski
Jean-François Therrien
Kamran Safi
Author Affiliation
Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior, Department of Migration, Am Obstberg 1, Radolfzell, 78315, Germany. tcurk@ab.mpg.de.
Source
Sci Rep. 2020 04 29; 10(1):7220
Date
04-29-2020
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Animal Migration - physiology
Animals
Arctic Regions
Falconiformes - physiology
Models, Biological
Population Dynamics
Seasons
Abstract
Migratory species display a range of migration patterns between irruptive (facultative) to regular (obligate), as a response to different predictability of resources. In the Arctic, snow directly influences resource availability. The causes and consequences of different migration patterns of migratory species as a response to the snow conditions remains however unexplored. Birds migrating to the Arctic are expected to follow the spring snowmelt to optimise their arrival time and select for snow-free areas to maximise prey encounter en-route. Based on large-scale movement data, we compared the migration patterns of three top predator species of the tundra in relation to the spatio-temporal dynamics of snow cover. The snowy owl, an irruptive migrant, the rough-legged buzzard, with an intermediary migration pattern, and the peregrine falcon as a regular migrant, all followed, as expected, the spring snowmelt during their migrations. However, the owl stayed ahead, the buzzard stayed on, and the falcon stayed behind the spatio-temporal peak in snowmelt. Although none of the species avoided snow-covered areas, they presumably used snow presence as a cue to time their arrival at their breeding grounds. We show the importance of environmental cues for species with different migration patterns.
Notes
ErratumIn: Sci Rep. 2020 Sep 17;10(1):15450 PMID 32943746
PubMed ID
32350286 View in PubMed
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Author Correction: Arctic avian predators synchronise their spring migration with the northern progression of snowmelt.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature304714
Source
Sci Rep. 2020 09 17; 10(1):15450
Publication Type
Journal Article
Published Erratum
Date
09-17-2020
Author
Teja Curk
Ivan Pokrovsky
Nicolas Lecomte
Tomas Aarvak
David F Brinker
Kurt Burnham
Andreas Dietz
Andrew Dixon
Alastair Franke
Gilles Gauthier
Karl-Otto Jacobsen
Jeff Kidd
Stephen B Lewis
Ingar J Øien
Aleksandr Sokolov
Vasiliy Sokolov
Roar Solheim
Scott Weidensaul
Karen Wiebe
Martin Wikelski
Jean-François Therrien
Kamran Safi
Author Affiliation
Department of Migration, Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior, Am Obstberg 1, 78315, Radolfzell, Germany. tcurk@ab.mpg.de.
Source
Sci Rep. 2020 09 17; 10(1):15450
Date
09-17-2020
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Published Erratum
Abstract
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Notes
ErratumFor: Sci Rep. 2020 Apr 29;10(1):7220 PMID 32350286
PubMed ID
32943746 View in PubMed
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Climate-driven flyway changes and memory-based long-distance migration.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature304330
Source
Nature. 2021 Mar 03; :
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Mar-03-2021
Author
Zhongru Gu
Shengkai Pan
Zhenzhen Lin
Li Hu
Xiaoyang Dai
Jiang Chang
Yuanchao Xue
Han Su
Juan Long
Mengru Sun
Sergey Ganusevich
Vasiliy Sokolov
Aleksandr Sokolov
Ivan Pokrovsky
Fen Ji
Michael W Bruford
Andrew Dixon
Xiangjiang Zhan
Author Affiliation
Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
Source
Nature. 2021 Mar 03; :
Date
Mar-03-2021
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Millions of migratory birds occupy seasonally favourable breeding grounds in the Arctic1, but we know little about the formation, maintenance and future of the migration routes of Arctic birds and the genetic determinants of migratory distance. Here we established a continental-scale migration system that used satellite tracking to follow 56 peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) from 6 populations that breed in the Eurasian Arctic, and resequenced 35 genomes from 4 of these populations. The breeding populations used five migration routes across Eurasia, which were probably formed by longitudinal and latitudinal shifts in their breeding grounds during the transition from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene epoch. Contemporary environmental divergence between the routes appears to maintain their distinctiveness. We found that the gene ADCY8 is associated with population-level differences in migratory distance. We investigated the regulatory mechanism of this gene, and found that long-term memory was the most likely selective agent for divergence in ADCY8 among the peregrine populations. Global warming is predicted to influence migration strategies and diminish the breeding ranges of peregrine populations of the Eurasian Arctic. Harnessing ecological interactions and evolutionary processes to study climate-driven changes in migration can facilitate the conservation of migratory birds.
PubMed ID
33658718 View in PubMed
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Correction to: Status and trends of circumpolar peregrine falcon and gyrfalcon populations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature307220
Source
Ambio. 2020 03; 49(3):784-785
Publication Type
Journal Article
Published Erratum
Date
03-2020
Author
Alastair Franke
Knud Falk
Kevin Hawkshaw
Skip Ambrose
David L Anderson
Peter J Bente
Travis Booms
Kurt K Burnham
Suzanne Carrière
Johan Ekenstedt
Ivan Fufachev
Sergey Ganusevich
Kenneth Johansen
Jeff A Johnson
Sergey Kharitonov
Pertti Koskimies
Olga Kulikova
Peter Lindberg
Berth-Ove Lindström
William G Mattox
Carol L McIntyre
Svetlana Mechnikova
Dave Mossop
Søren Møller
Ólafur K Nielsen
Tuomo Ollila
Arve Østlyngen
Ivan Pokrovsky
Kim Poole
Marco Restani
Bryce W Robinson
Robert Rosenfield
Aleksandr Sokolov
Vasiliy Sokolov
Ted Swem
Katrin Vorkamp
Author Affiliation
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, CW 405, Biological Sciences Bldg., Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E9, Canada.
Source
Ambio. 2020 03; 49(3):784-785
Date
03-2020
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Published Erratum
Abstract
While collating contributions and comments from 36 researchers, the coordinating authors accidentally omitted Dr. Suzanne Carrière from the list of contributing co-authors. Dr. Carrière's data are described in Tables 1 and 3, Figure 2 and several places in the narrative.The new author list is thus updated in this article.
Notes
ErratumFor: Ambio. 2020 Mar;49(3):762-783 PMID 31858488
PubMed ID
31965558 View in PubMed
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Ecological insights from three decades of animal movement tracking across a changing Arctic.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature304243
Source
Science. 2020 11 06; 370(6517):712-715
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Date
11-06-2020
Author
Sarah C Davidson
Gil Bohrer
Eliezer Gurarie
Scott LaPoint
Peter J Mahoney
Natalie T Boelman
Jan U H Eitel
Laura R Prugh
Lee A Vierling
Jyoti Jennewein
Emma Grier
Ophélie Couriot
Allicia P Kelly
Arjan J H Meddens
Ruth Y Oliver
Roland Kays
Martin Wikelski
Tomas Aarvak
Joshua T Ackerman
José A Alves
Erin Bayne
Bryan Bedrosian
Jerrold L Belant
Andrew M Berdahl
Alicia M Berlin
Dominique Berteaux
Joël Bêty
Dmitrijs Boiko
Travis L Booms
Bridget L Borg
Stan Boutin
W Sean Boyd
Kane Brides
Stephen Brown
Victor N Bulyuk
Kurt K Burnham
David Cabot
Michael Casazza
Katherine Christie
Erica H Craig
Shanti E Davis
Tracy Davison
Dominic Demma
Christopher R DeSorbo
Andrew Dixon
Robert Domenech
Götz Eichhorn
Kyle Elliott
Joseph R Evenson
Klaus-Michael Exo
Steven H Ferguson
Wolfgang Fiedler
Aaron Fisk
Jérôme Fort
Alastair Franke
Mark R Fuller
Stefan Garthe
Gilles Gauthier
Grant Gilchrist
Petr Glazov
Carrie E Gray
David Grémillet
Larry Griffin
Michael T Hallworth
Autumn-Lynn Harrison
Holly L Hennin
J Mark Hipfner
James Hodson
James A Johnson
Kyle Joly
Kimberly Jones
Todd E Katzner
Jeff W Kidd
Elly C Knight
Michael N Kochert
Andrea Kölzsch
Helmut Kruckenberg
Benjamin J Lagassé
Sandra Lai
Jean-François Lamarre
Richard B Lanctot
Nicholas C Larter
A David M Latham
Christopher J Latty
James P Lawler
Don-Jean Léandri-Breton
Hansoo Lee
Stephen B Lewis
Oliver P Love
Jesper Madsen
Mark Maftei
Mark L Mallory
Buck Mangipane
Mikhail Y Markovets
Peter P Marra
Rebecca McGuire
Carol L McIntyre
Emily A McKinnon
Tricia A Miller
Sander Moonen
Tong Mu
Gerhard J D M Müskens
Janet Ng
Kerry L Nicholson
Ingar Jostein Øien
Cory Overton
Patricia A Owen
Allison Patterson
Aevar Petersen
Ivan Pokrovsky
Luke L Powell
Rui Prieto
Petra Quillfeldt
Jennie Rausch
Kelsey Russell
Sarah T Saalfeld
Hans Schekkerman
Joel A Schmutz
Philipp Schwemmer
Dale R Seip
Adam Shreading
Mónica A Silva
Brian W Smith
Fletcher Smith
Jeff P Smith
Katherine R S Snell
Aleksandr Sokolov
Vasiliy Sokolov
Diana V Solovyeva
Mathew S Sorum
Grigori Tertitski
J F Therrien
Kasper Thorup
T Lee Tibbitts
Ingrid Tulp
Brian D Uher-Koch
Rob S A van Bemmelen
Steven Van Wilgenburg
Andrew L Von Duyke
Jesse L Watson
Bryan D Watts
Judy A Williams
Matthew T Wilson
James R Wright
Michael A Yates
David J Yurkowski
Ramunas ┼Żydelis
Mark Hebblewhite
Author Affiliation
Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
Source
Science. 2020 11 06; 370(6517):712-715
Date
11-06-2020
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Keywords
Acclimatization
Animal Migration
Animals
Archives
Arctic Regions
Ecological Parameter Monitoring
Population
Abstract
The Arctic is entering a new ecological state, with alarming consequences for humanity. Animal-borne sensors offer a window into these changes. Although substantial animal tracking data from the Arctic and subarctic exist, most are difficult to discover and access. Here, we present the new Arctic Animal Movement Archive (AAMA), a growing collection of more than 200 standardized terrestrial and marine animal tracking studies from 1991 to the present. The AAMA supports public data discovery, preserves fundamental baseline data for the future, and facilitates efficient, collaborative data analysis. With AAMA-based case studies, we document climatic influences on the migration phenology of eagles, geographic differences in the adaptive response of caribou reproductive phenology to climate change, and species-specific changes in terrestrial mammal movement rates in response to increasing temperature.
PubMed ID
33154141 View in PubMed
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Longer days enable higher diurnal activity for migratory birds.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature311097
Source
J Anim Ecol. 2021 Mar 23; :
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Mar-23-2021
Author
Ivan Pokrovsky
Andrea Kölzsch
Sherub Sherub
Wolfgang Fiedler
Peter Glazov
Olga Kulikova
Martin Wikelski
Andrea Flack
Author Affiliation
Department of Migration, Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior, Radolfzell, Germany.
Source
J Anim Ecol. 2021 Mar 23; :
Date
Mar-23-2021
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Seasonal geophysical cycles strongly influence the activity of life on Earth because they affect environmental conditions like temperature, precipitation and day length. An increase in daylight availability during summer is especially enhanced when animals migrate along a latitudinal gradient. Yet, the question of how day length (i.e. daylight availability) influences the activity patterns of long-distance, latitudinal migrants is still unclear. Here, we ask whether migration provides benefits to long-distance migrants by enabling them to increase their diurnal movement activities due to an increase in daylight availability. To answer this question, we tested whether four vastly different species of long-distance migratory birds-two arctic migrants and two mid-latitude migrants-can capitalise on day length changes by adjusting their daily activity. We quantified the relationship between daily activity (measured using accelerometer data) and day length, and estimated each species' daily activity patterns. In addition, we evaluated the role of day length as an ultimate driver of bird migration. All four species exhibited longer activity periods during days with more daylight hours, showing a strong positive relationship between total daily activity and day length. The slope of this relationship varied between the different species, with activity increasing 1.5-fold on average when migrating from wintering to breeding grounds. Underlying mechanisms of these relationships reveal two distinct patterns of daily activity. Flying foragers showed increasing activity patterns, that is, their daytime activities rose uniformly up to solar noon and decreased until dusk, thereby exhibiting a season-specific activity slope. In contrast, ground foragers showed a constant activity pattern, whereby they immediately increased their activity to a certain level and maintained this level throughout the day. Our study reveals that long days allow birds to prolong their activity and increase their total daily activity. These findings highlight that daylight availability could be an additional ultimate cause of bird migration and act as a selective agent for the evolution of migration.
Los ciclos geofísicos estacionales influyen fuertemente la actividad de la vida en la Tierra ya que afectan diversas condiciones ambientales como la temperatura, la precipitación y la duración del día. El aumento de la disponibilidad de luz solar durante el verano favorece especialmente a las especies que migran a lo largo de un gradiente latitudinal. Sin embargo, el efecto de la duración del día (es decir, la disponibilidad de luz solar) en los patrones de actividad de las especies que migran latitudinalmente largas distancias, aún no es claro. Aquí nos preguntamos si un aumento de la disponibilidad de luz solar representa un beneficio para los animales que migran largas distancias, al prolongar el periodo de actividad diurna. Para responder a esta pregunta, investigamos si cuatro especies diferentes de aves migratorias de larga distancia, dos migrantes árticos y dos migrantes de latitudes medias, pueden ajustar su actividad diaria y aprovechar los cambios en la duración del día. Cuantificamos la relación entre la actividad diaria (medida con datos de acelerómetro) y la duración del día, y estimamos los patrones de actividad de cada especie. Además, evaluamos el papel de la duración del día como mecanismo último subyacente a la migración de las aves. Las cuatro especies mostraron períodos de actividad más largos durante los días con más horas de luz, mostrando una fuerte relación positiva entre la actividad diaria total y la duración del día. Esta relación varió entre las especies evaluadas. La actividad aumentó en promedio 1.5 veces durante la migración desde las áreas de invernada a las áreas de reproducción. Los mecanismos subyacentes a estas relaciones revelan dos patrones de actividad diaria. Las especies que forrajean en vuelo mostraron un aumento en su patrón de actividad. En este caso, la actividad diurna aumentó uniformemente hasta el mediodía y disminuyó hasta el atardecer, mostrando una pendiente de actividad específica para la estación. De otro lado, las especies que forrajean en tierra mostraron un patrón de actividad constante. Según este patrón, la actividad diurna aumenta hasta un determinado nivel, a partir del cual se mantiene durante el resto del día. Nuestro estudio revela que el aumento en la longitud del día le permite a las aves prolongar su actividad e incrementar su actividad diaria total. Estos resultados señalan que la disponibilidad de luz diurna podría ser otro mecanismo último subyacente a la migración de las aves y puede actuar como un factor de selección en la evolución de la migración.
PubMed ID
33759198 View in PubMed
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Rough-Legged Buzzards, Arctic Foxes and Red Foxes in a Tundra Ecosystem without Rodents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature260580
Source
PLoS One. 2015;10(2):e0118740
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Ivan Pokrovsky
Dorothée Ehrich
Rolf A Ims
Alexander V Kondratyev
Helmut Kruckenberg
Olga Kulikova
Julia Mihnevich
Liya Pokrovskaya
Alexander Shienok
Source
PLoS One. 2015;10(2):e0118740
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
Small rodents with multi-annual population cycles strongly influence the dynamics of food webs, and in particular predator-prey interactions, across most of the tundra biome. Rodents are however absent from some arctic islands, and studies on performance of arctic predators under such circumstances may be very instructive since rodent cycles have been predicted to collapse in a warming Arctic. Here we document for the first time how three normally rodent-dependent predator species-rough-legged buzzard, arctic fox and red fox - perform in a low-arctic ecosystem with no rodents. During six years (in 2006-2008 and 2011-2013) we studied diet and breeding performance of these predators in the rodent-free Kolguev Island in Arctic Russia. The rough-legged buzzards, previously known to be a small rodent specialist, have only during the last two decades become established on Kolguev Island. The buzzards successfully breed on the island at stable low density, but with high productivity based on goslings and willow ptarmigan as their main prey - altogether representing a novel ecological situation for this species. Breeding density of arctic fox varied from year to year, but with stable productivity based on mainly geese as prey. The density dynamic of the arctic fox appeared to be correlated with the date of spring arrival of the geese. Red foxes breed regularly on the island but in very low numbers that appear to have been unchanged over a long period - a situation that resemble what has been recently documented from Arctic America. Our study suggests that the three predators found breeding on Kolguev Island possess capacities for shifting to changing circumstances in low-arctic ecosystem as long as other small - medium sized terrestrial herbivores are present in good numbers.
Notes
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PubMed ID
25692786 View in PubMed
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Status and trends of circumpolar peregrine falcon and gyrfalcon populations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature307596
Source
Ambio. 2020 03; 49(3):762-783
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
03-2020
Author
Alastair Franke
Knud Falk
Kevin Hawkshaw
Skip Ambrose
David L Anderson
Peter J Bente
Travis Booms
Kurt K Burnham
Johan Ekenstedt
Ivan Fufachev
Sergey Ganusevich
Kenneth Johansen
Jeff A Johnson
Sergey Kharitonov
Pertti Koskimies
Olga Kulikova
Peter Lindberg
Berth-Ove Lindström
William G Mattox
Carol L McIntyre
Svetlana Mechnikova
Dave Mossop
Søren Møller
Ólafur K Nielsen
Tuomo Ollila
Arve Østlyngen
Ivan Pokrovsky
Kim Poole
Marco Restani
Bryce W Robinson
Robert Rosenfield
Aleksandr Sokolov
Vasiliy Sokolov
Ted Swem
Katrin Vorkamp
Author Affiliation
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, CW 405, Biological Sciences Bldg., Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E9, Canada.
Source
Ambio. 2020 03; 49(3):762-783
Date
03-2020
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Animals
Canada
Ecosystem
Falconiformes
Greenland
Retrospective Studies
Russia
Abstract
The peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) and the gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus) are top avian predators of Arctic ecosystems. Although existing monitoring efforts are well established for both species, collaboration of activities among Arctic scientists actively involved in research of large falcons in the Nearctic and Palearctic has been poorly coordinated. Here we provide the first overview of Arctic falcon monitoring sites, present trends for long-term occupancy and productivity, and summarize information describing abundance, distribution, phenology, and health of the two species. We summarize data for 24 falcon monitoring sites across the Arctic, and identify gaps in coverage for eastern Russia, the Arctic Archipelago of Canada, and East Greenland. Our results indicate that peregrine falcon and gyrfalcon populations are generally stable, and assuming that these patterns hold beyond the temporal and spatial extents of the monitoring sites, it is reasonable to suggest that breeding populations at broader scales are similarly stable. We have highlighted several challenges that preclude direct comparisons of Focal Ecosystem Components (FEC) attributes among monitoring sites, and we acknowledge that methodological problems cannot be corrected retrospectively, but could be accounted for in future monitoring. Despite these drawbacks, ample opportunity exists to establish a coordinated monitoring program for Arctic-nesting raptor species that supports CBMP goals.
Notes
ErratumIn: Ambio. 2020 Jan 21;: PMID 31965558
PubMed ID
31858488 View in PubMed
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8 records – page 1 of 1.