AIM: To evaluate changes for a decade in the attitude of men in Novosibirsk to health problems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: WHO program MONICA has covered males aged 25-64 years (a representative sample from the population in one of the districts of Novosibirsk city). A total of 3 trials were made (in 1984, 1988 and 1994) which included questioning, registration of ECG, arterial pressure, height, body mass, biochemical tests of the blood. RESULTS: Attitude of men to their health depended on their age. There was a trend to evaluate their health as more and more poor in men at the age of 25-43 and 35-44 years. In the group of 45-54-year-olds positive assessment of health was encountered 1.9 times more frequently, but the difference was not significant. At the age 55-64 years a growing number of men tend to assess their health as good. Since 1994 alcoholics among the elderly men grew in number as a response to the social and economic crisis. CONCLUSION: The change in health evaluation from negative to positive in older men may relate to less intensive work.
To determine the 23-year dynamics (1994-2016) of attitudes toward one's health, behavioral characteristics and the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in an open population among women 25-44 years old in Russia / Siberia (Novosibirsk).
In the framework of the third screening of the MONICA program for the study of trends and control of cardiovascular diseases and the MONICA-psychosocial (MOPSY) subprogram, in 1994 a random representative sample of women aged 25-64 years of age from one from the districts of Novosibirsk (n = 870, the average age is 45.4±0.4 years); in the age group 25-44 years - 284 persons. In 2016 years. in the framework of screening studies on the budgetary issue of NIITPM No. gos. reg. 01201282292, a random representative sample of women aged 25-44 years old in the same district of Novosibirsk (n = 540) was examined. Attitude to their health, behavioral characteristics and the prevention of cardiovascular diseases were studied using the "Knowledge and attitude to their health" scale, validated for the Russian population under the WHO "MONICA" program. The chi-square test (x2) was used to calculate the indices. The criterion of statistical significance was the reliability of the result at p
To study the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular diseases (CVD), combined pathology (CHD and CVD), and their risk factors such as arterial hypertension (AH), overweight (OW), hypercholesterolemia (HC), and tobacco smoking in the same population, a random representative sample of male and female populations were examined in three districts of Novosibirsk. AH and tobacco smoking were found predominant among men, whereas OW and HC among women. It turned out that almost every fourth person out of the men and almost every second woman suffered from cardiovascular diseases. In the men, the CHD/CVD ratio was 1:1, that in the women, was 1:7. In the men and women, suffering from combined pathology, AH occurred more frequently as compared to those with CHD or CVD alone. OW promoted the development of CVD and combined pathology in women to a greater degree, whereas HC favoured the development of CHD and CVD in men.
To study the influence of depression on risk of cardiovascular diseases development during 10 years in non-organized male population aged 25-64.
Within the framework of the MONICA--psychosocial program a representative sample of 657 men 25-64 years old (1994 year) was examined. Depression was measured at baseline with the use of the MONICA--psychosocial Interview Depression scale. The incidence of new cases of AH, MI and stroke was revealed in the WHO "Registry MI" and "Registry stroke" 10-year follow-up. Cox is a proportional regression model that was used for estimation of RR.
The proportion of depression in the cohort of men with AH was 28.9%, with MI--65.8% and of men with stroke 70.6%. The relative risk of development of AH, MI, stroke during the first five years of supervision in a group with the high level of depression as compared to those in whom depression was not observed was 6.7 times (p
Institute of Internal and Preventive Medicine - Branch of Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, Russia; Collaborative laboratory of Cardiovascular Diseases Epidemiology, Novosibirsk, Russia.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2018; 118(4. Vyp. 2):43-54
To determine the 23-year dynamics (1994-2017) of the relationship between sleep disorders (SD) and attitudes toward their health, behavioral characteristics and prevention of cardiovascular diseases in the open population among women 25-44 years old in Russia/Siberia (Novosibirsk).
In the third screening of the WHO program 'Study of trends and control of cardiovascular diseases' MONICA, 'the subprogram' MONICA-psychosocial (MOPSY), a random representative sample of women, aged 25-64 years, of one of the areas of Novosibirsk (n=870) was examined in 1994. In 2016, in the framework of screening studies, a random representative sample of women, aged 25-44 years, was examined in the same district of Novosibirsk (n=668). Sleep assessment was performed using the Jenkins Sleep Questionnaire. Attitude to their health, behavioral characteristics and prevention of cardiovascular diseases were studied using the 'Knowledge and attitude to one's health' scale proposed by the WHO 'MONICA' program and validated in the Russian population.
The prevalence of SD among women 25-44 years old decreased from 59.6% to 47.3% from 1994 to 2017. The proportion of women with SD, who consider themselves not completely healthy or sick, decreased from 86.2% to 67.6%. The majority of women with SD (57%) consider the high probability of getting a serious illness in the next 5-10 years, but only 7% of women with SD have regular screening tests. The share of those, who were satisfied with medical care, increased by 2017 but does not exceed 13%. In case of malaise, only 1 in 10 women apply to a doctor, as in 1994. The intensity of work of young women with SD is higher compared to those with good sleep; they more often (more than 40%) do additional work, are more responsible. An increase in the level of family stress among women with SD is characterized by more frequent illness/death of a loved one, rare opportunity to relax in home environment. Recently, the number of women smokers has increased, their physical activity has decreased, and their adherence to dietary recommendations has been low.
Over the studied period, there were: the decrease in SD; in case of SD, a more careful attitude towards one's health in the sick; the increase in the intensity of work, responsibility at work, stress in the family. Adverse, statistically significant trends towards increasing in the intensity of smoking, reducing physical activity, low adherence to compliance with dietary recommendations in women with SD have been obtained.
The aim of the study was to determine the impact of stress on work on the risk of cardiovascular disease over a 16-year period in an open population of 25-64 years in Russia/Siberia.
A random representative sample of the population of both sexes of 25-64 years old in Novosibirsk in 1994 (men: n=657, 44.3±0.4 years, response - 82.1%, women: n=689, 45.4±0.4 years, response - 72.5%). The screening survey program included: registration of socio-demographic data, determination of stress at work (Karazek scale). The period of prospective follow-up of participants was 16 years. The study identified the following "end points": the first cases of myocardial infarction (MI), stroke.
A high level of stress at work was in 29.5% of men and 31.6% of women, the average level in 48.9% of men and 50.7% of women (?2=2.574, ?=2, p=0.276). The risk of developing MI for a 16-year period, among people experiencing stressful situations at work, was: in men, HR=3.592, and women HR=3.218 (95% CI 1.146-9.042); stroke risk - among men, HR=2.603 (95% CI 1.06-4.153) in women HR=1.956 (95% CI 1.008-3.795). In multivariate analysis, in men with stress at work, the risk of MI among men was HR=1.15 (95% CI 0.6-2.2), among women - HR=2.543 (95% CI 1.88-7.351); risk of stroke, was in men, HR=3.8 (95% CI 1.6-8.8), in women - HR=1.95 (95% CI 0.984-3.887). The risk of stroke was higher among single, divorced and widowed men, HR=4.2 (95% CI 1.5-13.2), and in women with secondary or primary education, HR=3 (95% CI 0.852-11.039).
It was established that a high level of stress at work is not gender-specific; the risk of developing MI over a 16-year period is higher in women than in men, stroke in men; the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke in both sexes is affected by the social gradient.
To establish gender differences in health attitudes and awareness of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in an open 25-64-year-old population of Russia/Siberia.
A representative sample from the population of a Novosibirsk district was examined using the 1988 WHO MONICA-MOPSY (847 women and 739 men aged 25-64 years) and the 2003 HAPIEE (1074 women and 576 men aged 45-64 years) programs. The health awareness and attitudes questionnaire was used.
The number of persons who considered perfectly healthy was minimal (2%) in the open Siberian population aged 25-64 years. The view of health in the women proved to be more pessimistic than that in the men. The fact that two thirds of the population could fall ill with a serious disease in the coming 5-10 years was accepted. Mainly the men took the view that modern medicine might prevent heart disease. The men were regularly examined 2 to 3 times more often than the women. The latter versus the men were less frequently inclined to stop work if they felt not quite well on-site, with the difference being more marked in old age groups. The majority of the study participants considered preventive examination to be useful for health. At the same time only a small portion of the population itself undergoes examination.
The changed socioeconomic situation in the country leads to the need to alter the established stereotypes of conscience and behavior of the population in health and to realize the need for personal responsibility for health.
To identify gender differences in the prevalence of depression in an open population of individuals aged 25-64 years and to evaluate its impact on the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the population of Siberia.
A random representative sample of a 25-64-year-old Novosibirsk population (657 men and 689 women) was surveyed within the framework of the third screening of the WHO MONICA-psychosocial program in 1994. The screening program included sociodemographic data registration and depression detection. Over a 16-year study period, women had myocardial infarction (MI) in 15 cases and stroke in 35 cases and men had these conditions in 30 and 22 cases, respectively.
In the open 25-64-year-old population, depression was detected in 54.5% of the women and in 29% of the men; major depression was present in 11.8% of the women and 3.1% of the men (?2=66.724; ?=2; p=0.0001). The risk of MI in the depressed patients was higher in the women (hazard ratio (HR)=2.5) than in the men (HR=2); when social parameters and age are included in the model, only a trend towards the impact of depression on the risk of MI persisted in the women (HR=3.4; p>0.05) and the men were observed to have a 1.6-fold higher risk for MI. The greatest risk of MI was seen in the men (HR=6.8) and women (HR=6.3) at the age of 55-64 years, as well as in the men who had incomplete secondary or primary education (HR=3.2); in blue-collar workers (HR=6.7), in the men who were single (HR=3.6), divorced (HR=4.5), or widowed (HR=6). The risk of stroke in the depressed patients during a 16-year study period was greater in the men (HR=5.8) than in the women (HR=4.6); after adjusting for age and social gradient, the risk of stroke in the women was higher in both the population and those who were aged 55-64 years (HR=8.5 and 6.9, respectively) than that in the men (HR=4.2 and 3.1, respectively). Among the men, the risk of stroke was higher in those who had primary education (HR=8.8), were widowed (HR=8.4) or divorced (HR=2.7).
The women are much more susceptible to depression than are the men. The risk of MI with depression is higher in the women than in the men; at the same time, the risk of stroke is higher in the men than in the women. The picture is opposite in the older age group. The risk of CVD in the depressed men is exacerbated by a social gradient; these relationships have not been revealed in the women.
To determine an association between trait anxiety (TA) and variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphisms in the DRD4 and DAT genes, as well as the prevalence of TA and the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in 25- to 64-year-old males with TA.
A representative sample of 25 to 64-year-old males (n = 2149) was examined within the framework of the WHO MONICA program, MONICA-psychosocial subprogram, in 1984, 1988, and 1994. All new-onset arterial hypertension (AH), myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke cases were registered throughout the follow-up study (1984-2008). Spielberger's test was used to estimate the level of TA. The Cox proportional regression model was applied to assess a relative risk.
The high level of anxiety (HLA) was 50.9% in the open population of 25 to 64-year-old males. The DRD4 genotype 4/6 and DAT genotype 9/9 were significantly associated with HLA. The latter increased the risk for CVD: it was maximal for AH and stroke within the first five years and for MI within 10 years.
HLA was significant in the Novosibirsk open population of 25 to 64-year-old males. It is substantially associated with certain VNTR polymorphisms in the DRD4 and DAT genes and considerably increases the risk of CVD.
A random representative population sample of 1493 individuals (753 males and 740 females), aged 25 to 64 years, was investigated, using standard epidemiologic procedures as part of a program, studying, trends of development and control of cardiovascular diseases. Population awareness of health status and attitudes to preventive efforts and harmful habits were assessed with reference to age and sex. Preventive screenings were considered to be useful by 83% of the males and 88% of the females; these rates were however smaller for young individuals. In groups of older individuals, health self-assessments were less adequate, while willingness to abandon bad habits increased, particularly so in the females, as compared to the males.