Skip header and navigation

3 records – page 1 of 1.

Dietary patterns and their associations with home food availability among Finnish pre-school children: a cross-sectional study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299379
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2018 05; 21(7):1232-1242
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
05-2018
Author
Henna Vepsäläinen
Liisa Korkalo
Vera Mikkilä
Reetta Lehto
Carola Ray
Kaija Nissinen
Essi Skaffari
Mikael Fogelholm
Leena Koivusilta
Eva Roos
Maijaliisa Erkkola
Author Affiliation
1Department of Food and Environmental Sciences,University of Helsinki, PO Box 66,FI-00014 University of Helsinki,Helsinki,Finland.
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2018 05; 21(7):1232-1242
Date
05-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Child
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet - statistics & numerical data
Diet Surveys
Feeding Behavior - physiology
Finland - epidemiology
Food Supply - statistics & numerical data
Fruit
Humans
Vegetables
Abstract
To study the associations between home food availability and dietary patterns among pre-school children.
Cross-sectional study in which parents of the participating children filled in an FFQ and reported how often they had certain foods in their homes. We derived dietary pattern scores using principal component analysis, and composite scores describing the availability of fruits and vegetables as well as sugar-enriched foods in the home were created for each participant. We used multilevel models to investigate the associations between availability and dietary pattern scores.
The DAGIS study, Finland.
The participants were 864 Finnish 3-6-year-old children recruited from sixty-six pre-schools. The analyses included 711 children with sufficient data.
We identified three dietary patterns explaining 16·7 % of the variance. The patterns were named 'sweets-and-treats' (high loadings of e.g. sweet biscuits, chocolate, ice cream), 'health-conscious' (high loadings of e.g. nuts, natural yoghurt, berries) and 'vegetables-and-processed meats' (high loadings of e.g. vegetables, cold cuts, fruit). In multivariate models, the availability of fruits and vegetables was inversely associated with the sweets-and-treats pattern (ß=-0·05, P
PubMed ID
29331168 View in PubMed
Less detail

Increased Health and Wellbeing in Preschools (DAGIS) Study-Differences in Children's Energy Balance-Related Behaviors (EBRBs) and in Long-Term Stress by Parental Educational Level.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297859
Source
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 10 21; 15(10):
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
10-21-2018
Author
Elviira Lehto
Carola Ray
Henna Vepsäläinen
Liisa Korkalo
Reetta Lehto
Riikka Kaukonen
Eira Suhonen
Mari Nislin
Kaija Nissinen
Essi Skaffari
Leena Koivusilta
Nina Sajaniemi
Maijaliisa Erkkola
Eva Roos
Author Affiliation
Folkhälsan Research Center, Topeliuksenkatu 20, 00250 Helsinki, Finland. elviira.lehto@helsinki.fi.
Source
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 10 21; 15(10):
Date
10-21-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Child
Child Behavior
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet
Educational Status
Exercise
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Health Status Disparities
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Parents
Screen Time
Sedentary Behavior
Social Determinants of Health - statistics & numerical data
Stress, Psychological - epidemiology - etiology
Abstract
This paper describes the Increased Health and Wellbeing in Preschools (DAGIS) survey process and socioeconomic status (SES) differences in children's energy balance-related behaviors (EBRBs), meaning physical activity, sedentary and dietary behaviors, and long-term stress that serve as the basis for the intervention development. A cross-sectional survey was conducted during 2015?2016 in 66 Finnish preschools in eight municipalities involving 864 children (3?6 years old). Parents, preschool personnel, and principals assessed environmental factors at home and preschool with questionnaires. Measurement of children's EBRBs involved three-day food records, food frequency questionnaires (FFQ), seven-day accelerometer data, and seven-day sedentary behavior diaries. Children's long-term stress was measured by hair cortisol concentration. Parental educational level (PEL) served as an indicator of SES. Children with low PEL had more screen time, more frequent consumption of sugary beverages and lower consumption of vegetables, fruit, and berries (VFB) than those with high PEL. Children with middle PEL had a higher risk of consuming sugary everyday foods than children with high PEL. No PEL differences were found in children's physical activity, sedentary time, or long-term stress. The DAGIS intervention, aiming to diminish SES differences in preschool children's EBRBs, needs to have a special focus on screen time and consumption of sugary foods and beverages, and VFB.
PubMed ID
30347875 View in PubMed
Less detail

Like parent, like child? Dietary resemblance in families.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296566
Source
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2018 07 03; 15(1):62
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
07-03-2018
Author
Henna Vepsäläinen
Jaakko Nevalainen
Mikael Fogelholm
Liisa Korkalo
Eva Roos
Carola Ray
Maijaliisa Erkkola
Author Affiliation
Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 66, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland. henna.vepsalainen@helsinki.fi.
Source
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2018 07 03; 15(1):62
Date
07-03-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adult
Child
Child Behavior
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet
Diet Surveys
Family Characteristics
Fathers
Feeding Behavior
Female
Finland
Health Behavior
Humans
Male
Meals
Mothers
Parenting
Parents
Abstract
Studies investigating dietary resemblance between parents and their children have gained mixed results, and the resemblance seems to vary across nutrients, foods, dietary-assessment tools used, and parent-child pairs. We investigated parent-child dietary resemblance using a novel approach in applying statistical analysis, which allowed the comparison of 'whole-diet' between parents and their children. Additionally, we sought to establish whether sociodemographic factors or family meals were associated with dietary resemblance and whether parent-child dietary resemblance was dependent on the parent providing food consumption data on behalf of the child (father or mother, "the respondent").
The DAGIS study investigated health behaviors among Finnish preschoolers using a cross-sectional design. One parent filled in a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) measuring the child's food consumption outside preschool hours during the last week. In addition, we instructed both parents or legal guardians, should the child have two, to fill in a similar FFQ regarding their own food use. Parents also reported their educational level, the number of children living in the same household, and the number of family meals. As a measure of dietary resemblance between a parent and a child, we computed Spearman correlations ranging mostly from no resemblance (0) to complete resemblance (+?1) between parent-child pairs over the 'whole-diet' (excluding preschool hours). These resemblance measures were further investigated using linear mixed models.
We obtained 665 father-child and 798 mother-child resemblance measures. Mother-child resemblance was on average 0.57 and stronger than father-child resemblance (0.50, p?
PubMed ID
29970093 View in PubMed
Less detail