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Blood cadmium and blood pressure in reindeer herders living in northern Finland

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102192
Source
Pages 376-377 in G. Pétursdóttir et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 93. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Reykjavík, Iceland, June 20-25, 1993. Arctic Medical Research. 1994;53(Suppl.2)
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
. Amer J Epidemiol 1991; 134: 257-267. 3. Luoma PV, Nliyhii S, Pyy L, Korpela H, Hassi J. High blood cadmium and mercury concentrations in rein- deer herders in northern Finland west of Kola Penin- sula. Arctic Centre Publications, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi 1992; 4: 349--351. 4
  1 document  
Author
Luoma, P
Näyhä, S
Payha, S
Pyy, L
Hassi, J
Author Affiliation
Regional Institute of Occupational Health in Oulu, Finland
Department of Public Health Science and General Practice, University of Oulu, Finland
Source
Pages 376-377 in G. Pétursdóttir et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 93. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Reykjavík, Iceland, June 20-25, 1993. Arctic Medical Research. 1994;53(Suppl.2)
Date
1994
Language
English
Geographic Location
Finland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Keywords
Blood pressure
Cadmium
Exposure
Finland
Herders
Males
Pollution
Reindeer
Abstract
The association of blood pressure and the concentration of cadmium in the blood was examined in 227 reindeer herding males living in Finnish Lapland. Subjects with blood cadmium higher than 10 nmol/l showed higher systolic blood pressure than others (143 mmHg vs. 136 mmHg), a similar trend being observed for diastolic pressure (89 vs. 86 mmHg). The rise in systolic blood pressure was particularly pronounced in patients with diagnosed arterial hypertension. The associations were not affected by age, body mass index, smoking, and alcohol consumption. The results suggest that a low-level environmental exposure to cadmium may increase blood pressure, especially in patients suffering from arterial hypertension.
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Cardiovascular risk factor patterns and their association with diet in Saami and Finnish reindeer herders

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102174
Source
Pages 301-304 in G. Pétursdóttir et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 93. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Reykjavík, Iceland, June 20-25, 1993. Arctic Medical Research. 1994;53(Suppl.2)
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
  1 document  
Author
Näyhä, S
Sikkilä, K
Hassi, J
Nayha, S
Sikkila, K
Author Affiliation
Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Oulu Finland
Department of Public Health Science and General Practice, University of Oulu, Finland
Source
Pages 301-304 in G. Pétursdóttir et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 93. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Reykjavík, Iceland, June 20-25, 1993. Arctic Medical Research. 1994;53(Suppl.2)
Date
1994
Language
English
Geographic Location
Finland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Keywords
Antioxidants
Cardiovascular disease
Diet
Finland
Health
Reindeer herders
Reindeer meat
Risk factors
Saami
Serum cholesterol
Abstract
Cardiovascular risk factors and their association with diet were examined in Saami (Lapp) and Finnish reindeer herders (total sample size 2705). The Saami men showed lower systolic blood pressure (130 mmHg) than the Finns (137 mmHg), higher serum total cholesterol (6.92 vs. 6.51 mmol/l) and triglycerides (1.32 vs. 1.11 mmol/l), and more Saami than Finnish men were smokers (34% vs. 27%). Subjects eating reindeer meat daily showed serum cholesterol 0.6 mmol/l higher than those who did so once a month or more rarely, the association being independent of age, season, body mass index, or consumption of coffee, milk, bread, fish, or alcohol. The high content of antioxidants of the Saami diet might explain why cardiovascular diseases are relatively uncommon in the Saami area despite the adverse risk factor pattern.
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Chlamydia pneumoniae antibodies associated with altered serum lipid profile.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature67544
Source
Pages 329-332 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
. REFERENCES I. Ward ME. The immunobiology and pathology of chlamydia! infections. APMJS. 1995;103: 769-96. 2. Gallin JI, Kaye D. O'Leary WM. Serum lipids in infection. New England Journal of Medicine. 1969:281: 1081-86. 3. Nayha S. Hassi J. eds. Life style. work and health of Finnish reindeer
  1 document  
Author
Laurila, A.L.
Bloigu, A.
Näyhä, S.
Hassi, J.
Leinonen, M.
Saikku, P.
Author Affiliation
National Public Health Institute, Oulu, Finland.
Source
Pages 329-332 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Date
1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Analysis of Variance
Antibodies, Bacterial - analysis
Arteriosclerosis - blood - microbiology
Biological Markers - blood
Chlamydia infections - blood - complications - immunology
Chlamydophila pneumoniae - immunology
Comparative Study
Finland
Humans
Immunoglobulin A - blood
Immunoglobulin G - blood
Lipids - blood
Male
Middle Aged
Pneumonia, Bacterial - blood - complications - immunology
Risk assessment
Sensitivity and specificity
Smoking - adverse effects
Abstract
Chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection has been associated with atherosclerosis by seroepidemiological studies. Further, acute bacterial infections are known to influence lipid metabolism. To clarify the possible pathogenetic mechanisms of this association, we studied serum lipids and the C. pneumoniae IgG antibody titers of 1,053 males who participated in the reindeer herders health survey in Northern Finland in 1986-1989. The mean age of the study group was 47 years (range 20-87). When comparing nonsmoking C. pneumoniae antibody-positive (IgG > or = 32) subjects to those with no antibodies, the age-adjusted mean concentration of triglycerides was increased (1.34 vs. 1.04 mmol/l; p = 0.03) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) was decreased (1.24 vs. 1.35 mmol/l; p
PubMed ID
10093301 View in PubMed
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Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2005 Dec;64(5):434
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2005
  1 website  
Author
Hassi, J
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2005 Dec;64(5):434
Date
Dec-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
ACIA report
Arctic Council
International Polar Year
Research
Abstract
Climate warming will continue for at least the next twenty years. Its consequences, including health-related ones, are most prominent in the circumpolar areas. The challenge to authorities and professionals is to find and practice adaptive actions which are needed to respond to this change.
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Cold-related cardiorespiratory symptoms among subjects with and without hypertension: the National FINRISK Study 2002.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature301017
Source
European Journal of Public Health. 2014 Apr;24(2):237-43. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckt078. Epub 2013 Jun 22.
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Ikäheimo TM
Lehtinen T
Antikainen R
Jokelainen J
Näyhä S
Hassi J
Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi S
Laatikainen T
Jousilahti P
Jaakkola JJ
Source
European Journal of Public Health. 2014 Apr;24(2):237-43. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckt078. Epub 2013 Jun 22.
Date
2014
Language
English
Geographic Location
Finland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Cardiovascular diseases
Complications
Epidemiology
Cold Temperature
Female
Finland
Humans
Hypertension
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Risk factors
Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Exposure to cold weather increases blood pressure (BP) and may aggravate the symptoms and influence the prognosis of subjects with a diagnosis of hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that subjects with hypertension alone or in combination with another cardiovascular disease (CVD) experience cold-related cardiorespiratory symptoms more commonly than persons without hypertension. This information is relevant for proper treatment and could serve as an indicator for predicting wintertime morbidity and mortality.
METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire inquiring of cold-related symptoms was obtained from 6591 men and women aged 25-74 yrs of the FINRISK Study 2002 population. BP was measured in association with clinical examinations. Symptom prevalence was compared between subjects with diagnosed hypertensive disease with (n = 395) or without (n = 764) another CVD, untreated diagnosed hypertension (n = 1308), measured high BP (n = 1070) and a reference group (n = 2728) with normal BP.
RESULTS: Hypertension in combination with another CVD was associated with increased cold-related dyspnoea (men: adjusted odds ratio 3.94, 95% confidence interval 2.57-6.02)/women: 4.41, 2.84-6.86), cough (2.64, 1.62-4.32/4.26, 2.60-6.99), wheezing (2.51, 1.42-4.43/;3.73, 2.08-6.69), mucus excretion (1.90, 1.24-2.91/2.53, 1.54-4.16), chest pain (22.5, 9.81-51.7/17.7, 8.37-37.5) and arrhythmias (43.4, 8.91-211/8.99, 3.99-20.2), compared with the reference group. Both diagnosed treated hypertension and untreated hypertension and measured high BP resulted in increased cardiorespiratory symptoms during the cold season.
CONCLUSION: Hypertension alone and together with another CVD is strongly associated with cold-related cardiorespiratory symptoms. As these symptoms may predict adverse health events, hypertensive patients need customized care and advice on how to cope with cold weather.
PubMed ID
23794677 View in PubMed
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Distinctive features of occupational health in the Arctic.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature5794
Source
Pages 226-228 in H. Linderholm et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 87. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umeå, Sweden, 1987. Arctic Medical Research. 1988;47 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1988
in reindeer heerding work (Abstract). Arctic Medical Research 1987; 45: 3. 4. Luttu J, Hassi J. Metsakonekorjaajien kylmaaltistus. Raportti 11, Oulun aluetyoterveyslaitos, Oulu, 1985, 49 s. + liitteet. 5. Luttu J, Pekkarinen A, Jarvenp& I, Hassi J. 'JYoolo- suhteet syvakairauksessa ja
  1 document  
Author
Hassi, J
Author Affiliation
Oulu Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Oulu, Finland
Source
Pages 226-228 in H. Linderholm et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 87. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umeå, Sweden, 1987. Arctic Medical Research. 1988;47 Supp 1.
Date
1988
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Arctic Regions
Cold Climate - adverse effects
Finland
Humans
Hypothermia - prevention & control
Occupational Diseases - prevention & control
Risk factors
PubMed ID
3272609 View in PubMed
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[Frostbite-induced changes in bones and joints].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature293903
Source
Duodecim. 1993;109(1):60-3.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Source
Global Health Action. 2011; 4: 99-105. DOI:10.3402/gha.v4i0.8456
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
, 2007, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. 3. Streever B. In: Cold, adventures in the world’s frozen places. New York: Little Brown and Company; 2009, p. 292. 4. Mäkinen TM, Hassi J. Health problems in cold work. Ind Health 2009; 47: 207�20. 5. Young TK
  1 document  
Author
Ikäheimo, TM
Hassi, J
Author Affiliation
Institute of Health Sciences and the Center for Environmental and Respiratory Health Research, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Source
Global Health Action. 2011; 4: 99-105. DOI:10.3402/gha.v4i0.8456
Date
2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
File Size
249466
Keywords
Arctic
Circumpolar areas
Cold
Frostbite
Injury
Population
Vulnerability
Abstract
Circumpolar areas are associated with prolonged cold exposure where wind, precipitation, and darknessfurther aggravate the environmental conditions and the associated risks. Despite the climate warming, coldclimatic conditions will prevail in circumpolar areas and contribute to adverse health effects. Frostbite is afreezing injury where localized damage affects the skin and other tissues. It occurs during occupational orleisure-time activities and is common in the general population among men and women of various ages.Industries of the circumpolar areas where frostbite occurs frequently include transportation, mining, oil, andgas industry, construction, agriculture, and military operations. Cold injuries may also occur during leisuretimeactivities involving substantial cold exposure, such as mountaineering, skiing, and snowmobiling.Accidental situations (occupational, leisure time) often contribute to adverse cooling and cold injuries.Several environmental (temperature, wind, wetness, cold objects, and altitude) and individual (behavior,health, and physiology) predisposing factors are connected with frostbite injuries. Vulnerable populationsinclude those having a chronic disease (cardiovascular, diabetes, and depression), children and the elderly, orhomeless people. Frostbite results in sequelae causing different types of discomfort and functional limitationsthat may persist for years. A frostbite injury is preventable, and hence, unacceptable from a public healthperspective. Appropriate cold risk management includes awareness of the adverse effects of cold, individualadjustment of cold exposure and clothing, or in occupational context different organizational and technicalmeasures. In addition, vulnerable population groups need customized information and care for properprevention of frostbites.
Documents

Ikaheimo-Vulnerable_populations.pdf

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Health-check questionnaire for subjects exposed to cold

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature99496
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2003 Dec;62(4):436-43
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2003
  1 website  
Author
Hassi, J
Raatikka, V-P
Huurre, M
Author Affiliation
Centre for Arctic Medicine, Thule Institute, University of Oulu, Finland
Department of Public Health Science and General Practice, University of Oulu, Finland
Oulu Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Oulu, Finland
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2003 Dec;62(4):436-43
Date
Dec-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cold questionnaire
Health screening
Occupational health care
Abstract
A "health-check questionnaire for subjects exposed to cold" was developed as the first step of the three-level medical screening for the detection of cold-related health ailments of individuals. The analogical assessment practices for the cold-related health risks in the workplaces were developed in the same project. They both aim towards the establishment of an ISO standard for working in cold environments.
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21 records – page 1 of 3.