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Adoptive transfer of allergen-specific CD4+ T cells induces airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness in brown-Norway rats.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature57604
Source
Immunology. 1997 Jun;91(2):176-85
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1997
Author
A. Haczku
P. Macary
T J Huang
H. Tsukagoshi
P J Barnes
A B Kay
D M Kemeny
K F Chung
R. Moqbel
Author Affiliation
Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Guy's Hospital, London, UK.
Source
Immunology. 1997 Jun;91(2):176-85
Date
Jun-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adoptive Transfer
Animals
Bronchial Hyperreactivity - immunology
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid - immunology
CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes - immunology - transplantation
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes - immunology - transplantation
Cell Culture Techniques
Cell Division - immunology
Eosinophils - immunology
Leukocyte Count
Lymphocyte Transfusion
Male
Rats
Rats, Inbred BN
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Spleen - immunology
Abstract
Following allergen exposure, sensitized Brown-Norway rats develop airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and eosinophilic inflammation together with an increase in activated T cells (CD25+) in the airways. We tested the hypothesis that CD4+ T cells are involved directly in the acquisition of AHR. Spleen T cells from animals that were injected intraperitoneally on three consecutive days with ovalbumin/Al(OH)3, showed a dose-dependent proliferative response in vitro to ovalbumin, but not to bovine serum albumin, as measured by [3H]thymidine uptake. For total T-cell transfer, spleen cells obtained from donor rats 4 days after sensitization were depleted of adherent cells by a nylon wool column separation. CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were purified by immunomagnetic beads cell separation. Recipient naive rats were injected intravenously with 50 x 10(6) total T cells, 20 x 10(6) and 5 x 10(6) CD4+ cells, and 5 x 10(6) CD8+ cells, and were exposed to ovalbumin aerosol 24 hr afterwards. After a further 24 hr, airway responsiveness to acetylcholine (ACh) was measured and provocative concentration (PC) values PC100, PC200 and PC300) (the ACh concentration needed to achieve 100, 200 and 300% increase in lung resistance above baseline) were calculated. Airway responsiveness was significantly increased in recipients of sensitized total T cells compared with recipients of cells from saline-injected donor rats (P
PubMed ID
9227314 View in PubMed
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Effect of interleukin-1 beta on airway hyperresponsiveness and inflammation in sensitized and nonsensitized Brown-Norway rats.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature57706
Source
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1994 Feb;93(2):464-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1994
Author
H. Tsukagoshi
T. Sakamoto
W. Xu
P J Barnes
K F Chung
Author Affiliation
Department of Thoracic Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, England.
Source
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1994 Feb;93(2):464-9
Date
Feb-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acetylcholine - pharmacology
Airway Resistance - drug effects - physiology
Animals
Bradykinin - pharmacology
Bronchial Hyperreactivity - etiology - pathology - physiopathology
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid - cytology
Immunization
Inflammation - etiology - physiopathology
Interleukin-1 - pharmacology
Male
Ovalbumin - immunology
Rats
Rats, Inbred BN
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Time Factors
Abstract
Airway responsiveness (AR) to inhaled acetylcholine and bradykinin and inflammatory cell recruitment in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were studied in inbred male Brown-Norway rats actively sensitized to ovalbumin and later given 500 U interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) intratracheally. We examined animals 14 to 21 days after initial sensitization at 18 to 24 hours after the intratracheal administration of IL-1 beta. We evaluated AR to acetylcholine as -log PC200, which is -log10 transformation of provocative concentration of acetylcholine producing 200% increase in lung resistance, and to bradykinin as percent increase in lung resistance. BALF was examined as an index of inflammatory changes within the lung. Although there was no significant difference in baseline lung resistance, nonsensitized and sensitized animals that were given IL-1 beta demonstrated a significant increase of AR to bradykinin at 18 to 24 hours and a significant increase of neutrophil counts in BALF, which was already observed by 4 to 6 hours. There was a significant correlation between AR to bradykinin and neutrophil counts in BALF in all animals (r = 0.644; p
PubMed ID
8120273 View in PubMed
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