Skip header and navigation

2 records – page 1 of 1.

Acute poisonings in Iceland: a prospective nationwide study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature86765
Source
Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2008 Feb;46(2):126-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2008
Author
Kristinsson Jakob
Palsson Runolfur
Gudjonsdottir Gudborg A
Blondal Margret
Gudmundsson Sigurdur
Snook Curtis P
Author Affiliation
Institute of Pharmacy, Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
Source
Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2008 Feb;46(2):126-32
Date
Feb-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Alcoholic Beverages - poisoning
Child
Child, Preschool
Circadian Rhythm
Counseling - methods
Data Collection - methods - statistics & numerical data
Emergency Service, Hospital - statistics & numerical data
Female
Hazardous Substances - classification - poisoning
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Poison Control Centers - utilization
Poisoning - epidemiology - prevention & control
Prospective Studies
Rural Health Services - statistics & numerical data
Sex Factors
Suicide, Attempted - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Poisoning is a common cause of emergency visits and hospital admission in Western countries. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence and type of toxic exposures presenting to emergency medical facilities in Iceland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was prospective and included all patients with confirmed or suspected poisoning presenting to hospitals and rural medical centers providing emergency services in Iceland during the twelve-month period from April 2001 until March 2002. RESULTS: A total of 1,121 toxic exposures were documented representing an incidence of 3.91 cases per 1,000 inhabitants per year. The female to male ratio was 1.23. The majority of exposures (56.7%) occurred in the patient's home, 60% were deliberate, 72% had drugs and/or alcohol as their main cause, and 11% involved illicit drugs. Exposures to chemicals other than drugs were usually unintentional. CONCLUSION: Toxic exposures requiring emergency medical care are common in Iceland. Self-poisonings by ingestion of prescription drugs and/or alcohol accounted for the majority of cases.
PubMed ID
18259960 View in PubMed
Less detail

The role of antimicrobial use in the epidemiology of resistant pneumococci: A 10-year follow up.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature80506
Source
Microb Drug Resist. 2006;12(3):169-76
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
Arason Vilhjalmur A
Sigurdsson Johann A
Erlendsdottir Helga
Gudmundsson Sigurdur
Kristinsson Karl G
Author Affiliation
Department of Family Medicine, University of Iceland, Solvangur, Hafnarfjordur, Iceland.
Source
Microb Drug Resist. 2006;12(3):169-76
Date
2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anti-Bacterial Agents - pharmacology - therapeutic use
Carrier State - microbiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Drug Resistance, Bacterial
Erythromycin - pharmacology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Infant
Male
Nasopharynx - microbiology
Penicillin resistance
Penicillins - pharmacology
Pneumococcal Infections - epidemiology - immunology - microbiology
Risk factors
Streptococcus pneumoniae - drug effects - genetics
Abstract
The relative effects of risk factors on the prevalence of resistant pneumococcal clones are hard to determine. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of risk factors on the prevalence of resistant pneumococci in Iceland in 2003 and compare these data with results of identical studies performed in 1993 and 1998. A randomized sample of 1,107 children was chosen from all 2,532 children 1 to 6 years old living in four communities. Pneumococci were carried by 64% of the 824 children enrolled and 9.5% were penicillin nonsusceptible (PNSP), as opposed to 8.1% (1998) and 8.5% (1993), and multiresistant strains of serotype 6B were 2.5% compared to 7.5% and 7.7% (p
Notes
Erratum In: Microb Drug Resist. 2006 Winter;12(4):289
PubMed ID
17002543 View in PubMed
Less detail