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Ochratoxin A: a naturally occurring mycotoxin found in human milk samples from Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature75578
Source
Acta Paediatr. 1998 Dec;87(12):1275-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1998
Author
M A Skaug
F C Størmer
O D Saugstad
Author Affiliation
Department of Agriculture and Natural Science, Hedmark College, Hamar, Norway.
Source
Acta Paediatr. 1998 Dec;87(12):1275-8
Date
Dec-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Female
Humans
Milk, human - chemistry
Mycotoxins - analysis
Norway
Ochratoxins - analysis
Abstract
The presence of ochratoxin A (OA) in human milk samples from different regions in Norway was investigated to determine the level of infant exposure to OA from human milk. OA was found in 38 (33%) of 115 human milk samples (range 10-130 ng l(-1)). It was found that 2-26% of the samples contained more than 40 ng l(-1) OA, which will cause a daily intake of OA from human milk exceeding the suggested tolerable dose of 5 ng kg(-1) body weight. Significant regional differences were found.
PubMed ID
9894829 View in PubMed
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[Significance of mycotoxins for health--present and past]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature69610
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1993 Mar 30;113(9):1061-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-30-1993
Author
F C Størmer
Author Affiliation
Avdeling for Miljømedisin Statens Institutt for Folkehelse, Oslo.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1993 Mar 30;113(9):1061-3
Date
Mar-30-1993
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
English Abstract
Food Contamination
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Humans
Mycotoxins - adverse effects - history
Norway
Ochratoxins - adverse effects - blood - history
Risk factors
Abstract
Investigations from several European countries indicate that, in former days, there was a connection between mycotoxins, mortality and reduced birth rate. In addition to being acutely toxic, many mycotoxins can interfere with the immune system, even in small concentrations. While tuberculosis was declining in Norway as a whole around year 1900, it culminated in Finnmark county. In addition, infant mortality was high. These people in the North ate rye flour imported from Russia, and harvested, transported and stored under conditions which may have favoured growth of toxic fungi. The mycotoxin ochratoxin A has been surveyed in several countries. The level in human sera seems to indicate continuous, widespread exposure of humans to ochratoxin A. Mycotoxin contamination of food and feeds may be a health problem of unknown dimensions.
PubMed ID
8493670 View in PubMed
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