BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to examine the height and weight in Nordic children during the years around World War II (WWII), and compare them with the nutritional situation during the same period. METHODS: Information on food consumption and energy intake were obtained from the literature. Anthropometric data were collected from the Nordic capitals and cover the period from 1930 to 1960 for ages 7-13 years. RESULTS: The greatest energy restriction took place in Norway (20%), followed by Finland (17%), while Sweden and Denmark had a restriction of 4-7% compared to pre-war levels. The most pronounced effect of WWII on height and weight is seen in Norwegian children, while some effect is observed for the youngest children in Finland. Little or no effect is seen in Sweden and Denmark. CONCLUSION: The Nordic children were affected by WWII in terms of a transient reduction in temporal trends in height and weight, and the magnitude of this decrease was associated with the severity of the energy restriction prevailing in the respective country during the war. These findings warrant further studies of the chronic diseases associated with height and weight for cohorts being in their growth periods during WWII.
The purpose of this study was to examine the pattern of survival for colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRC), and to investigate the prognostic factors for the disease. In the analysis, 50993 cases of CRC aged 40-84 years, diagnosed between 1958 and 1997 in Norway, were included. Esteve's relative survival method was used, together with a time trend analysis, conducted by least-squares linear regression. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to examine cause-specific mortality. Five-year relative CRC survival has increased by an estimated 3% per 5-year diagnostic period. In 1958-1962, relative survival was about 40% for both males and females, and increased to 56 and 60%, respectively, in 1993-1997. Rectal cancer had a higher cause-specific mortality (RR 1.26, 95% CI 1.22-1.30) than proximal colon (reference) and distal colon (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.93-1.00 cancers), while females had a lower cause-specific mortality than males (RR 0.88, 95% CI 0.86-0.90). The increase in the relative survival rate in Norway is probably due to improved treatments and advanced diagnostics. Norway has a higher CRC survival rate than the EUROCARE average.
The aim of this study was to investigate trends in the incidence of childhood and adult brain and central nervous system (CNS) tumors in Norway from 1970 through 1999. In this period, a total of 14,641 patients were diagnosed with a primary benign or malignant neoplasm of the brain and CNS. Age-adjusted incidence rates were reported together with results of loglinear regression and an age-period-cohort model based on the Poisson regression model. In children (