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12 records – page 1 of 2.

[Current epidemiological surveillance of tuberculosis].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature183232
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2003 Sep-Oct;(5):93-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
M I Petrukhina
E V Rusakova
G V Iushchenko
Author Affiliation
Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Training, Moscow, Russia.
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2003 Sep-Oct;(5):93-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Population Surveillance - methods
Russia - epidemiology
Tuberculosis - diagnosis - epidemiology - microbiology - prevention & control
Abstract
Some present-day specific epidemiological, microbiological and clinical features of tuberculosis are presented. A variant of the epidemiological surveillance morbidity scheme, comprising 3 blocks, viz. information, analysis and management, is proposed. In the information block the basic data necessary for epidemic analysis is listed, while the diagnostic block contains the stage-by-stage analysis of the information block data. In the block of management decisions the main directions of the tuberculosis prophylaxis interventions are listed.
PubMed ID
14565134 View in PubMed
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[HIV infection in pregnant women in Chelyabinsk].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature175701
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2005 Jan-Feb;(1):73-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
O A Orlova
N V Karazhas
E V Rusakova
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2005 Jan-Feb;(1):73-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Disease Outbreaks
Female
HIV Infections - complications - epidemiology - transmission
Hepatitis B - etiology
Hepatitis C - etiology
Humans
Opportunistic Infections - etiology
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious - epidemiology
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Substance Abuse, Intravenous
Unsafe Sex
Urban Population
Abstract
Data on HIV infection in pregnant women in Chelyabinsk are presented. Starting from 1999, a considerable rise in the number of HIV-infected persons was registered in this city. The social and epidemiological characteristics of HIV-infected pregnant women, as well as the main routes and factors of the infective agent transmission, are given. Relationship between the spread of HIV-infection and drug addiction is revealed. The occurrence of different opportunistic infections in HIV-infected pregnant women is determined.
PubMed ID
15773407 View in PubMed
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Source
Pediatriia. 1990;(3):28-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
L V Feklisova
V I Vasil'eva
E V Rusakova
T P Gotvianskaia
N F Danina
Source
Pediatriia. 1990;(3):28-32
Date
1990
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antibodies, Bacterial - analysis
Child
Child, Preschool
Diagnosis, Differential
Humans
Legionella - immunology - isolation & purification
Legionellosis - diagnosis - epidemiology
Legionnaires' Disease - diagnosis - epidemiology
Moscow
Pneumonia - diagnosis - epidemiology
Urban Population
Abstract
The authors provide the results of observing 150 patients with acute pneumonia verified on x-ray. Comprehensive serological studies enabled the legionellosis etiology of pneumonia to be established in 17.3% of cases in sporadic morbidity of children. The disease was marked by the peculiarity of the clinical manifestations, demanding nonstandard treatment approaches.
PubMed ID
2385467 View in PubMed
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[Serological and epidemiological characteristics of acute pneumonias caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae in Belgorod]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37801
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1990 Feb;(2):42-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1990
Author
S V Prozorovskii
V I Vasil'eva
E V Rusakova
L G Gorina
T N Gotvianskaia
L I Alekseenkova
S A Goncharova
S N Belen'kii
V V Goncharenko
L N Kurkina
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1990 Feb;(2):42-6
Date
Feb-1990
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adult
Age Factors
Antibodies, Bacterial - analysis
Antibodies, Viral - analysis
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Humans
Influenza A virus - immunology
Mycoplasma pneumoniae - immunology
Pneumonia, Mycoplasma - epidemiology - etiology - immunology
Pneumonia, Viral - epidemiology - etiology - immunology
Prevalence
Seasons
Ukraine - epidemiology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The etiology of the outbreaks of acute pneumonia in Belgorod was established and their epidemiological features were studied. The mycoplasmal etiology of all cases of acute pneumonia in children and adults, appearing alongside acute respiratory infections resulting from the preceding outbreaks caused by influenza viruses A/Prague/, B/Leningrad/369/75, and all types of parainfluenza viruses, was shown. The droplet mechanism of the transfer of infection was established, which was confirmed by the severity of the outbreak and a high rate of infection of the medical staff at hospitals for children and adults, where patients with mycoplasma-induced pneumonia were treated.
PubMed ID
2111621 View in PubMed
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[Subtype characteristics of the surface antigen of hepatitis B in different regions of the USSR]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature57065
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1977 Oct;(10):97-101
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1977
Author
S A Grannikova
E V Rusakova
P Z Budnitskaia
V M Koroleva
T M Lorinskaia
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1977 Oct;(10):97-101
Date
Oct-1977
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Chronic Disease
English Abstract
Epitopes
Geography
Hepatitis B antigens
Humans
Serotyping
USSR
Abstract
A method of preparation of subtypical antisera to two determinants of hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs Ag/ay and anti-HBs Ag/ad) is described. The test system obtained was approbated on 1400 antigen-positive sera collected from blood donors and patients suffering from acute and chronic virus hepatitis in various geographical zones of the USSR. HBs Ag/ay proved to prevail (84--100%), HBs Ag/ad was distributed irregularly--from 16% in the European part of the USSR to 0--4% in the republics of the Middle Asia and Siberian regions. HBs Ag/ad was mostly determined in the population of Western regions of the European part of the USSR (the Baltic republics, 43.4%, Moldavia 24.3%).
PubMed ID
72469 View in PubMed
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[The immune structure of occupational groups of the population in relation to Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature228326
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1990 Oct;(10):95-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1990
Author
N M Gerchikova
L A Demmes
V N Bodiul'
O I Barkhatova
O V Radchenko
E V Rusakova
I S Tartakovskii
V I Vasil'eva
S V Prozorovskii
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1990 Oct;(10):95-8
Date
Oct-1990
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Antibodies, Bacterial - blood
Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Humans
Legionella - immunology - isolation & purification
Legionnaires' Disease - diagnosis - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology
Occupations
Prevalence
Railroads
Russia - epidemiology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Water Microbiology
Abstract
The immune structure of different professional groups with respect to L. pneumophila has been studied. A wide spread of Legionella infection among subway construction workers, subway personnel and railroad conductors has been established, which makes it possible to regard these professions as high risk groups susceptible to Legionella infection. The risk factors for this group are as follows: work in the atmosphere of high dust content with air supply by means of air conditioners, contact with soil in the process of earthwork. The bacteriological study of water samples obtained in dining cars has resulted in the isolation of two strains of L. pneumophila, serogroup I, which confirms the possibility of cases of Legionella infection among railroad personnel.
PubMed ID
2150144 View in PubMed
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[The use of computers and mathematical methods for optimizing epidemic control measures with respect to measles infection].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225824
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Sep;(9):44-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1991
Author
M S Bezuglova
E V Rusakova
K D Frank
I D Drynov
V I Vasil'eva
N N Filatov
V F Mironova
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Sep;(9):44-7
Date
Sep-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Antibodies, Viral - blood
Computer simulation
Databases, Factual
Disease Outbreaks - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Immunization, Secondary - statistics & numerical data
Mathematics
Measles - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Measles virus - immunology
Models, Statistical
Moscow - epidemiology
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The potentialities of computers for the study of the effectiveness of immunization have been demonstrated and the mathematical model for the prediction of the proportion of children, seronegative to measles, derived on the basis of the data on the average measles morbidity in different groups for a given period. A multifactor analysis of a large scope of data obtained in seroepidemiological survey and a retrospective analysis of measles morbidity on the basis of data collected in two districts of Moscow have been carried out with the use of computers and mathematical methods.
PubMed ID
1759519 View in PubMed
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[The use of the cluster selection method for assessing the status of immunity to controlled infections (measles, diphtheria and tetanus)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225825
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Sep;(9):37-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1991
Author
E V Rusakova
M S Bezuglova
K D Frank
L I Alekseenkova
N N Filatov
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Sep;(9):37-40
Date
Sep-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Antibodies, Bacterial - blood
Antibodies, Viral - blood
Antibody formation
Child
Child, Preschool
Clostridium tetani - immunology
Cluster analysis
Communicable disease control
Corynebacterium diphtheriae - immunology
Diphtheria - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Measles - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Measles virus - immunology
Moscow - epidemiology
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Tetanus - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The use of the method of cluster selection in mass serological examination makes it possible to obtain statistically significant results with very low expenditures. The coincidence of the results on the number of seronegative children, obtained by the method of cluster selection, with the results of mass serological examination of all children aged 6-7 years in the district (children found to be seronegative to measles constituted 5.5% and 5.0% respectively) is indicative of the statistical significance of the method used in this investigation. The results obtained by the method of cluster selection indicate that the level of protection among the children of the district was high both with respect to measles (94.5 +/- 1.8%) and tetanus (96.5 +/- 1.7%); with respect to diphtheria, the immune stratum was found to be less (91.1 +/- 2.3%). These data may be helpful in working out scientifically substantiated administrative decisions contributing to an increase in the effectiveness of planned mass immunization.
PubMed ID
1759518 View in PubMed
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12 records – page 1 of 2.