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Outdoor clothing: its relationship to geography, climate, behaviour and cold-related mortality in Europe.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature301019
Source
International Journal of Biometeorology. 2001 Feb;45(1):45-51.
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
Donaldson GC
Rintamäki H
Näyhä S
Source
International Journal of Biometeorology. 2001 Feb;45(1):45-51.
Date
2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Behavior
Clothing
Cold Climate
adverse effects
Europe
Epidemiology
Female
Geography
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Abstract
It has been suggested, that the inhabitants of northern European regions, who experience little cold-related mortality, protect themselves outdoors by wearing more clothing, at the same temperature, than people living in southern regions where such mortality is high. Outdoor clothing data were collected in eight regions from 6583 people divided by sex and age group (50-59 and 65-74 years). Across Europe, the total clothing worn (as assessed by dry thermal insulation and numbers of items or layers) increased significantly with cold, wind, less physical activity and longer periods outdoors. Men wore 0.14 clo (1 clo = 0.115 m2 K W-1) more than women and the older people wore 0.05 clo more than the younger group (both P
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