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Food selection associated with sense of coherence in adults.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9276
Source
Nutr J. 2005 Feb 28;4(1):9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-28-2005
Author
Ulrika Lindmark
Birgitta Stegmayr
Berit Nilsson
Bernt Lindahl
Ingegerd Johansson
Author Affiliation
Department of Natural Sciences and Biomedicine, University of Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden. ulrika.lindmark@hhj.hj.se
Source
Nutr J. 2005 Feb 28;4(1):9
Date
Feb-28-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Favorable dietary habits promote health, whereas unfavorable habits link to various chronic diseases. An individual's "sense of coherence" (SOC) is reported to correlate with prevalence of some diseases to which dietary habits are linked. However, understanding what determines an individual's dietary preferences and how to change his/her behavior remains limited. The aim of the present study was to evaluate associations between dietary intake and SOC in adults. METHODS: Diet intake was recorded by an 84-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and SOC was measured by the 13-item Antonovsky questionnaire in 2,446 men and 2,545 women (25-74 years old) from the population based northern Sweden MONICA screening in 1999. RESULTS: Intakes of energy, total and saturated fat, ascorbic acid, sucrose, and servings of fruits, vegetables, cereals, and sweets correlated with SOC among women, whereas intakes of total and saturated fat, ascorbic acid, fiber, and alcohol, and servings of fruits, vegetables, bread, bread and cereals, fish, and potatoes correlated with SOC among men. With a few exceptions, intakes of these nutrients/foods were significantly explained by SOC quartile scores in linear GLM models. Both women and men classified into the highest SOC quartile had significantly higher age-BMI-education standardized mean intakes of vegetables than those in the lowest quartiles. Women in the highest SOC quartile also had higher intake of fruits but lower intakes of energy, total and saturated fat, sucrose, and sweets. Projection to latent structures (PLS) multivariate modeling of intakes of the 84 food items and food aggregates simultaneously on SOC scores supported low SOC to coincide with a presumably less health promoting dietary preference, e.g. intake of pizza, soft drinks, candies, sausages for main course, hamburgers, mashed potato, chips and other snacks, potato salad, French fries, whereas men and women with high SOC scores were characterized by e.g. high intake of rye crisp whole meal bread, boiled potato, vegetables, berries, and fruits. CONCLUSION: Both men and women in the highest, as compared with the lowest, SOC score quartile reported more "healthy" food choices. Dietary habits for individuals in the lowest SOC quartile therefore may render a higher risk for various endemic diseases.
PubMed ID
15737236 View in PubMed
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Sense of coherence--stability over time and relation to health, disease, and psychosocial changes in a general population: a longitudinal study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature52016
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2003;31(4):297-304
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
Berit Nilsson
Lars Holmgren
Birgitta Stegmayr
Göran Westman
Author Affiliation
Family Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Berit.Nilsson@fammed.umu.se
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2003;31(4):297-304
Date
2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Aged
Employment
Female
Health status
Humans
Life Change Events
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Marital status
Middle Aged
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sex Distribution
Social Change
Sweden
Abstract
AIMS: To explore the stability of sense of coherence (SOC) over time in a normal population and to examine its relation to gender and psychosocial factors. METHODS: The Northern Sweden MONICA Project population surveys were performed in 1994 and 1999. A cohort of 1,254 subjects participating in both surveys answered questions about experiences of disease, perceived health, marital status, psychosocial factors, and Antonovsky's SOC scale with 13 items. RESULTS: The mean SOC score showed a decrease in the five-year follow-up and those with identified disease and the oldest age group (45-74 years) had the largest decrease of the SOC score. People with the lowest SOC scores in 1994 had the largest decrease during the period. Men and women shared a similar pattern regarding the decrease in SOC over time. The impact of individual social changes during the study period showed that both men and women who had experienced loss of perceived good health and high social support had the largest decrease. Furthermore, women seemed to be more affected by changes than men. CONCLUSIONS: We found that SOC was only stable for those with initially high levels of SOC. For other people, individual conditions and societal changes influenced their SOC. Further longitudinal studies in normal populations are needed to investigate the stability of SOC scores.
PubMed ID
15099036 View in PubMed
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