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Long-term evaluation of postmastectomy breast reconstruction.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101509
Source
Acta Oncol. 2011 Jul 11;
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-11-2011
Author
Bekka O Christensen
Jens Overgaard
Laura O Kettner
Tine Engberg Damsgaard
Author Affiliation
Department of Plastic Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital , Aarhus , Denmark.
Source
Acta Oncol. 2011 Jul 11;
Date
Jul-11-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
Abstract Background. Reconstructing a breast mound constitutes the basis of breast reconstruction. The breast can be reconstructed using autologous tissue, implants or a combination thereof. The number of women wishing a breast reconstruction has increased, but evaluation of the results is lacking. The current study examined the long-term results from three methods of breast reconstruction to assess the subjective and the objective outcome. Patients and methods. Patients undergoing first-time post mastectomy reconstruction, selected from the cohort of Danish women in the Central and North Region of Denmark, were evaluated. We included 363 women, reconstructed in 1990?2005. Data was collected from patient charts, a study specific questionnaire and a clinical follow-up visit. The questionnaire included questions regarding demographic background and evaluation of the reconstructed breast and donor site. The clinical follow-up visit included an examination of the overall result and donor site. Results. The questionnaire was answered by 263 women, of whom 137 had an implant, 26 had a latissimus dorsi musculocutaneus flap and 100 had a pedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneus flap. Women reconstructed with autologous tissue were significantly more pleased with the result of the breast reconstruction than women reconstructed with an implant. After a median of seven years, neither the patient's age nor the length of time since the reconstruction significantly affected the patients? opinion of the overall result. There was no difference in the incidences of minor complications among the different reconstructive methods. BMI, smoking and radiation therapy influenced the risk of complications. Objective evaluation of the 180 women participating in the follow-up visit was in agreement with data from the questionnaire. Conclusion. The type of reconstruction had a significant long-term influence on patient satisfaction and the objective result. Women reconstructed with autologous tissue were significantly more pleased, and the objective outcome was assessed as superior.
PubMed ID
21745130 View in PubMed
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Long-term evaluation of postmastectomy breast reconstruction with the pedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature113583
Source
J Plast Surg Hand Surg. 2013 Oct;47(5):374-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2013
Author
Bekka O Christensen
Jens Overgaard
Laura O Kettner
Tine E Damsgaard
Author Affiliation
Department of Plastic Surgery.
Source
J Plast Surg Hand Surg. 2013 Oct;47(5):374-8
Date
Oct-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Breast Neoplasms - pathology - surgery
Cohort Studies
Denmark
Esthetics
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Graft Rejection
Graft Survival
Humans
Mammaplasty - adverse effects - methods
Mastectomy - methods
Middle Aged
Myocutaneous Flap - blood supply
Patient Satisfaction - statistics & numerical data
Postoperative Care - methods
Rectus Abdominis - surgery - transplantation
Retrospective Studies
Risk assessment
Surgical Flaps - blood supply
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
The transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneus (TRAM) flap is ideal for unilateral breast reconstruction. It can produce a breast with a lasting natural look, soft feeling, and good resemblance to the opposite breast. The aim was to evaluate long-term results of the TRAM flap reconstruction in an homogenous study population and to examine the impact on abdominal competence, appearance, and function relative to patient satisfaction. The study included 123 women from the cohort of patients undergoing a postmastectomy breast reconstruction in the period from 1992-2005. Data was collected from patient charts, a study-specific questionnaire, and a clinical follow-up visit. The response to the questionnaire was 81% (100/123), and 78 of them participated in a clinical follow-up visit. Eighty-four per cent were satisfied with the overall results of their breast reconstruction, and the majority of the women were pleased with the overall appearance of their abdomen. A significant correlation existed between satisfaction with the abdominal appearance and donor site complications (p = 0.01). No association was determined between complications in the breast area and smoking. A BMI above 25 increased the risk of complications. Radiation therapy (RT) significantly increased the risk of severe complications (p = 0.04) and of an inferior aesthetic result (p = 0.03). In conclusion, after a median of 6 years, women reconstructed with a TRAM flap were pleased with the overall result, with the appearance and strength of their abdomen including the umbilicus. Breast reconstruction with the pedicled TRAM flap results in lasting good results and pleased patients.
PubMed ID
23710788 View in PubMed
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