Skip header and navigation

Refine By

13 records – page 1 of 2.

Alcohol consumption and disability pension among middle-aged men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature10620
Source
Ann Epidemiol. 1999 Aug;9(6):341-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1999
Author
N O Månsson
L. Råstam
K F Eriksson
B. Israelsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Medicine, Lund University, Malmö University Hospital, Sweden.
Source
Ann Epidemiol. 1999 Aug;9(6):341-8
Date
Aug-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking - economics
Alcoholism - economics
Disabled Persons
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Pensions
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sweden
Abstract
PURPOSE: To analyze the relation between alcohol consumption and the risk of disability pension among middle-aged men. METHODS: In the mid-seventies, complete birth-year cohorts of middle-aged male residents in Malmö, Sweden, were invited to participate in a general health survey. The 3751 men with complete data who constituted the cohort in this study were followed for 11 years. Alcohol consumption was estimated from the scores obtained from a test designed to identify subjects with alcohol related problems. RESULTS: Of the 498 men granted disability pension during follow-up, 48 stated to be teetotalers. The cumulative incidence of disability pension among teetotalers was 19%, whereas, it was 12% and 16%, respectively, among men with low and high alcohol consumption. The adjusted relative risk (RR) for acquiring a disability pension (using the group with low alcohol consumption as reference) was 1.8 among abstainers and 1.3 among men with high alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol overconsumption, as well as teetotalism, showed a positive relation to disability pension, and a moderate alcohol intake was found to be beneficial with respect to the risk of future disability pension.
PubMed ID
10475533 View in PubMed
Less detail

Body mass index and disability pension in middle-aged men--non-linear relations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature67682
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 1996 Feb;25(1):80-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1996
Author
N O Månsson
K F Eriksson
B. Israelsson
J. Ranstam
A. Melander
L. Råstam
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Medicine, Lund University, University hospital MAS, Malmö, Sweden.
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 1996 Feb;25(1):80-5
Date
Feb-1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Body mass index
Humans
Insurance, Disability - statistics & numerical data
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity - epidemiology
Proportional Hazards Models
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk
Risk factors
Statistics, nonparametric
Sweden - epidemiology
Thinness - epidemiology
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Obesity has, in a number of studies, been found to correlate to disability and mortality, primarily due to diseases of the circulatory and musculoskeletal systems. In addition, an excess mortality among underweight subjects has been observed in previous studies. METHODS: Five complete birth-year cohorts (1926-1930) of male residents in Malmö (n = 7697) were invited to the survey at the Department of Preventive Medicine, Malmö General Hospital, and 5926 (77%) attended with complete data. Each subject was followed from inclusion, defined by the date of examination, until the end of the calendar year when he turned 58, a total study period of approximately 11 years. Data on about 300 questionnaire items and laboratory tests were determined at the health survey visit. Nationwide Swedish data registers were used for surveillance. RESULTS: Of the participants, 4.7% were underweight, 37.7% overweight, 7.3% obese and 50.3% normal weight; 849 (14.3%) had been granted disability pension at the end of follow-up, 717 after screening. After adjustment for smoking there was a J-shaped relation between body mass index (BMI) and incidence of disability pension, the relative risk ( with the normal group as reference) among underweight men being 1.9. For the overweight subjects it was 1.3 and for the obese 2.8, all differences were significant. Disease of the musculoskeletal and circulatory systems and mental disorders accounted for 67.2% of all main diagnoses resulting in disability pensions during follow-up. A total of 377 (6.4%) men died during follow-up. Diseases of the circulatory system, neoplasms, injury/poisoning and diseases of the respiratory system accounted for 91.8% of the deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Both underweight, overweight and obesity were related to risk of disability pension, with a J-shaped risk relationship.
PubMed ID
8666508 View in PubMed
Less detail

Cardiovascular risk groups and mortality in an urban swedish male population: the Malmö Preventive Project.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature48290
Source
J Intern Med. 1996 Jun;239(6):489-97
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1996
Author
G. Berglund
K F Eriksson
B. Israelsson
T. Kjellström
F. Lindgärde
I. Mattiasson
J A Nilsson
L. Stavenow
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, University Hospital, Lund University, Sweden.
Source
J Intern Med. 1996 Jun;239(6):489-97
Date
Jun-1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology - mortality
Coronary Disease - etiology - mortality - prevention & control
Diabetes Complications
Humans
Hypercholesterolemia - complications
Hypertension - complications
Male
Mass Screening
Middle Aged
Primary Prevention
Risk factors
Smoking - adverse effects
Sweden - epidemiology
Urban health
Abstract
OBJECTIVES. To describe the size, overlap and mortality of four cardiovascular risk groups, in order to give a scientific background for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in a representative urban population. SETTING. Section of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. SUBJECTS. Between 1974 and 1984 22444 men born between 1949 and 1921, constituting 75% of the total male population in these age groups, took part in a comprehensive screening examination aimed at detecting risk factors for cardiovascular disease. INTERVENTIONS. Those at high-risk of developing cardiovascular disease were referred to their general practitioner or to special clinics for hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and diabetes. The follow-up, which lasted until the end of 1991, averaged 12.2 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Total death (n = 1450) and death from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) (n = 471). RESULTS. Hypertension was found in 13%, hypercholesterolaemia in 19% and diabetes mellitus in 2.6% of the subjects; 49% of the subjects smoked. Multiple risk factors were found in over 17% of the total cohort. Despite the intervention, all-cause mortality during follow-up was increased three-fold in smokers and in men with hypercholesterolaemia, four-fold in hypertensive men and five-fold in men with diabetes, compared to men with no risk factors. The vast majority of deaths (81%) occurred in men who smoked, had hypertension or had high serum cholesterol. Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) was increased five-fold in smokers, seven-fold in men with hypercholesterolaemia, nine-fold in hypertensive men and 12-fold in men with diabetes. Again, the vast majority of IHD deaths (86%) occurred in the first three categories. Combinations of risk factors substantially increased total mortality as well as IHD mortality. CONCLUSIONS. The large proportion (64%) of the population with risk factors for cardiovascular disease and the substantially (5-12-fold) increased IHD mortality in those risk groups, calls for actions aimed at preventing premature IHD deaths. Such action should include measures directed towards the whole population and comprehensive treatment programmes for high-risk individuals, including intervention to stop smoking. The substantial overlap between risk factors calls for one high-risk clinic caring for all risk groups.
PubMed ID
8656142 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Good results of concentration on the care of heart failure in Malmö. Emergency admissions to hospital were reduced by 24 per cent]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54385
Source
Lakartidningen. 1998 Jun 3;95(23):2702-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-3-1998

Homocysteine and cysteine: determinants of plasma levels in middle-aged and elderly subjects.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature52802
Source
J Intern Med. 1994 Dec;236(6):633-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1994
Author
L. Brattström
A. Lindgren
B. Israelsson
A. Andersson
B. Hultberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, County Hospital, Kalmar, Sweden.
Source
J Intern Med. 1994 Dec;236(6):633-41
Date
Dec-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Creatinine - blood
Cysteine - blood
Female
Folic Acid - blood
Homocysteine - blood
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sex Factors
Vitamin B 12 - blood
Vitamins - administration & dosage
Abstract
OBJECTIVES. Hyperhomocysteinaemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We explored possible determinants of plasma homocysteine and cysteine concentrations amongst middle-aged and elderly subjects. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS. Of 501 35-95-year-old randomly selected residents of Lund and Malmö, Sweden, 244 (49%; 131 men, 113 women) were investigated. RESULTS. Total plasma homocysteine concentrations were higher in men than in women (mean +/- SD: 13.9 +/- 4.1 and 12.3 +/- 4.1 mumol L-1; P
PubMed ID
7989898 View in PubMed
Less detail

Middle-aged men before and after disability pension. Health screening profile with special emphasis on alcohol consumption.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature12635
Source
Scand J Soc Med. 1987;15(3):185-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1987
Author
N O Månsson
B. Israelsson
Source
Scand J Soc Med. 1987;15(3):185-9
Date
1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking - psychology
Alcoholism - psychology
Back Pain - psychology
Cardiovascular Diseases - psychology
Disability Evaluation
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - psychology
Middle Aged
Pensions
Sweden
Abstract
A total of 5,950 male Malmö residents (from five cohorts, 1926-30) were health screened on two occasions, with an interval of 4-8 years. Disability pensions were granted to 215, of whom 123 were screened both before and after being pensioned. Those 123 constitute the study group reported on here. Among answers to the questionnaire, back and joint pain were the most common complaints mentioned. However, the most striking distinction between the study group and controls was the values of gamma-GT (gamma glutamyltransferase), indicating overconsumption of alcohol in the group of prospective pensioners. Complaints concerning the back were also an outstanding feature of those belonging to the highest deciles of gamma-GT after--but not before--the disability pension had been granted.
PubMed ID
2956674 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Quality assurance of secondary prevention of coronary artery disease. Ongoing project offers possibilities for improved treatment]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature53829
Source
Lakartidningen. 2001 Oct 31;98(44):4846-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-31-2001
Author
H. Brandström
L. Erhardt
B. Hedbäck
B. Israelsson
H. Lingfors
P. Nilsson
G. Sjöberg
Author Affiliation
Kardiologiska kliniken, Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmö.
Source
Lakartidningen. 2001 Oct 31;98(44):4846-52
Date
Oct-31-2001
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Coronary Disease - drug therapy - prevention & control
English Abstract
Humans
Internet
Life Style
Medical Records
Patient compliance
Practice Guidelines
Quality Assurance, Health Care
Questionnaires
Regional Medical Programs - standards
Registries
Risk factors
Sweden
Abstract
Regional programs for secondary prevention of coronary artery disease have been under development for nearly a decade in Sweden. To achieve maximum adherence these programs were created in close collaboration between hospital and primary care physicians. The programs are local applications of national guidelines and aim to support compliance among both patients and physicians. In January 1998 the Swedish Society of Cardiology and the Swedish Association of General Practice launched a program for quality control and quality assurance of these initiatives. So far, 51 of 79 districts have joined the program. Patients' diaries used for risk factor registration contain 7 report cards on the management of risk factors and medication. These cards are sent to a central registry upon release from the hospital, after 3-6 months, and annually for 5 years. Results from the first year point to differences between the various districts with respect to compliance with both local programs and European guidelines. Overall, results are promising and indicate that this program is successful and leads to improved management of patients with coronary artery disease.
PubMed ID
11729798 View in PubMed
Less detail

Quality of life in patients with ischaemic heart disease: a prospective controlled study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature46383
Source
J Intern Med. 1997 Sep;242(3):239-47
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1997
Author
L. Westin
R. Carlsson
B. Israelsson
R. Willenheimer
C. Cline
T F McNeil
Author Affiliation
Department of Cardiology, University of Lund, University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
Source
J Intern Med. 1997 Sep;242(3):239-47
Date
Sep-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Angina Pectoris - psychology
Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary
Anxiety - etiology
Case-Control Studies
Coronary Artery Bypass
Depression - etiology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - psychology - therapy
Prospective Studies
Quality of Life
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Self Concept
Sexual Behavior
Social Support
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To assess quality of life in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), coronary artery by-pass grafting surgery (CABG) and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) as compared with healthy controls. DESIGN: Self-administered questionnaires were completed 1 month and 1 year after the event. SETTING: Department of Cardiology, University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden; 1989-1992. SUBJECTS: 296 AMI, 99 CABG, 18 PTCA patients and 88 randomly selected healthy controls were included; 349 patients completed the entire programme. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Quality of life in the dimensions of perceived general health, thoracic pain, breathlessness, feeling of arrhythmia, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, experience of social life and sex life. RESULTS: Patients differed from controls in both psychological and somatic aspects of QL after 1 month. Furthermore, 1 month after the event AMI patients experienced more anxiety (P = 0.001) than CABG patients, whilst CABG patients experienced a poorer sex life (P
PubMed ID
9350169 View in PubMed
Less detail

Relevance of norm values as part of the documentation of quality of life instruments for use in upper gastrointestinal disease.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature52770
Source
Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl. 1996;221:8-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
1996
Author
E. Dimenäs
G. Carlsson
H. Glise
B. Israelsson
I. Wiklund
Author Affiliation
Astra Hässle AB, Behavioural Medicine, Mölndal, Sweden.
Source
Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl. 1996;221:8-13
Date
1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Cost of Illness
Female
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Humans
Male
Methods
Middle Aged
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Quality of Life
Quality-Adjusted Life Years
Questionnaires
Reference Values
Sickness Impact Profile
Sweden
Abstract
This article presents the relevance of norm values to a battery of Quality of Life questionnaires for use in upper gastrointestinal disorders. The derivation of reference values offers an important contribution by confirming the ability of the questionnaires to differentiate patients from healthy controls. Two self-administered questionnaires, the Psychological General Well-being (PGWB) index and the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) were used. The norm values were derived in a randomly selected sample from a Swedish population consisting of 4624 individuals (reference group). The patients comprised more than 900 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD) included in clinical trials. In the reference group, males reported significantly higher values on well-being as compared with women, whereas women reported more pronounced gastrointestinal symptoms than men. Generally, the younger persons and the group aged 60-70 years reported the highest well-being. Among gastrointestinal patients women scored lower and reported more symptoms than men. With increasing age, well-being improved and symptoms declined. Even though the well-being and symptoms scores differed between patient and the reference group similar patterns in terms of age and gender were observed. In summary, the results show that there are differences with respect to gender and age among normal controls as well as in GORD patients. These aspects have to be considered in clinical studies. The results also support the discriminative ability of the Quality of Life instruments.
PubMed ID
9110389 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Social rehabilitation of patients with coronary disease. A new form of cooperation improves results]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54971
Source
Lakartidningen. 1993 Nov 17;90(46):4100-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-17-1993
Author
B. Israelsson
C. Alm
M. Håkansson
Author Affiliation
Båda vid kardiologiska kliniken, Malmö allmänna sjukhus.
Source
Lakartidningen. 1993 Nov 17;90(46):4100-2
Date
Nov-17-1993
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Coronary Disease - psychology - rehabilitation
Humans
Prognosis
Rehabilitation, Vocational - statistics & numerical data
Social Adjustment
Social Security
Sweden
PubMed ID
8259008 View in PubMed
Less detail

13 records – page 1 of 2.