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Silent disaster: a European perspective on threat perception from Chernobyl far field fallout.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature71476
Source
J Trauma Stress. 2002 Dec;15(6):453-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2002
Author
Arnfinn Tønnessen
Bertil Mårdberg
Lars Weisaeth
Author Affiliation
Radiation Medicine Department, Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority/University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. arnfinn.tonnessen@nrpa.no
Source
J Trauma Stress. 2002 Dec;15(6):453-9
Date
Dec-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation - psychology
Adult
Attitude to Health
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Environmental Exposure - analysis - prevention & control
Europe
Female
Humans
Information Dissemination
Male
Radioactive fallout - analysis
Sex Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
Surveys investigated the perceived threat of radioactive fallout and public coping following a "silent disaster" (Chernobyl) across Europe. Survey data from national representative samples in 12 European countries are compiled, 6 months and 2 years after the accident, across 12 countries. Exposure to information about the accident, and perception of the consequences of Chernobyl as a health threat, were significantly related to the level of fallout in each country. Another significant relationship was found between the level of fallout in these 12 countries and the proportion of respondents who reported having taken countermeasures. Information challenges for the authorities are highlighted.
PubMed ID
12482183 View in PubMed
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Technological disasters, crisis management and leadership stress.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature189792
Source
J Hazard Mater. 2002 Jul 1;93(1):33-45
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1-2002
Author
Lars Weisaeth
Øistein Knudsen
Arnfinn Tønnessen
Author Affiliation
Division of Disaster Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. lars,weisath@psykiatri.uio.no
Source
J Hazard Mater. 2002 Jul 1;93(1):33-45
Date
Jul-1-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Disaster planning
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects
Humans
Leadership
Norway
Politics
Radioactive Hazard Release
Social Conditions
Stress, Psychological
Technology
Ukraine
Abstract
This paper discusses how psychological stress disturbs decision making during technological crisis and disaster, and how to prevent this from happening. This is exemplified by scientific studies of a Norwegian large scale accident involving hazardous material, and of handling the far-off effects of the nuclear disaster at Chernobyl. The former constitutes an operative level of crisis management, whereas the latter involves crisis management at the strategic and political level. We conclude that stress had a negative effect on decision making in both cases.
PubMed ID
12062952 View in PubMed
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