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Disordered eating in Sami and non-Sami Norwegian populations: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature287602
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2017 Dec 10;:1-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-10-2017
Author
Kirsti Kvaløy
Marita Melhus
Anne Silviken
Magritt Brustad
Tore Sørlie
Ann Ragnhild Broderstad
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2017 Dec 10;:1-12
Date
Dec-10-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
The present study aimed to investigate disordered eating (DE) among Sami compared with non-Sami residing in northern Norway.
In a cross-sectional design, stratified by sex and ethnicity, associations were tested between DE (Eating Disturbance Scale; EDS-5) and age, education level, BMI category, anxiety and depression, physical activity and consumption of snacks.
The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey (2012-2014) based on the population of ten municipalities in northern Norway.
Adults aged 40-69 years; 1811 Sami (844 male, 967 female) compared with 2578 non-Sami (1180 male, 1398 female) individuals.
No overall significant ethnic difference in DE was identified, although comfort eating was reported more often by Sami individuals (P=0·01). Regardless of ethnicity and sex, symptoms of anxiety and depression were associated with DE (P
PubMed ID
29223188 View in PubMed
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Disordered eating in Sami and non-Sami Norwegian populations: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature298375
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2018 04; 21(6):1094-1105
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
04-2018
Author
Kirsti Kvaløy
Marita Melhus
Anne Silviken
Magritt Brustad
Tore Sørlie
Ann Ragnhild Broderstad
Author Affiliation
1Centre for Sami Health Research,Department of Community Medicine,UiT The Arctic University of Norway,9037 Tromsø,Norway.
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2018 04; 21(6):1094-1105
Date
04-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Anxiety
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression
Exercise
Feeding and Eating Disorders - epidemiology
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Obesity
Population Groups - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The present study aimed to investigate disordered eating (DE) among Sami compared with non-Sami residing in northern Norway.
In a cross-sectional design, stratified by sex and ethnicity, associations were tested between DE (Eating Disturbance Scale; EDS-5) and age, education level, BMI category, anxiety and depression, physical activity and consumption of snacks.
The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey (2012-2014) based on the population of ten municipalities in northern Norway.
Adults aged 40-69 years; 1811 Sami (844 male, 967 female) compared with 2578 non-Sami (1180 male, 1398 female) individuals.
No overall significant ethnic difference in DE was identified, although comfort eating was reported more often by Sami individuals (P=0·01). Regardless of ethnicity and sex, symptoms of anxiety and depression were associated with DE (P
PubMed ID
29223188 View in PubMed
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"If you do not birget [manage] then you don't belong here": a qualitative focus group study on the cultural meanings of suicide among Indigenous Sámi in arctic Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297668
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2019 Dec; 78(1):1565861
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Dec-2019
Author
Jon Petter Anders Stoor
Gro Berntsen
Heidi Hjelmeland
Anne Silviken
Author Affiliation
a Sámi Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Mental Health and Substance Use , Finnmark Hospital Trust , Karasjok , Norway.
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2019 Dec; 78(1):1565861
Date
Dec-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Suicide is a major public health issue across the Arctic, especially among Indigenous Peoples. The aim of this study was to explore and describe cultural meanings of suicide among Sámi in Norway. Five open-ended focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with 22 Sámi (20) and non-Sámi (2) participants in South, Lule, Marka, coastal and North Sámi communities in Norway. FGDs were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed employing thematic analysis. Six themes were developed from the analysis: "Sámi are treated negatively by the majority society", "Some Sámi face negative treatment from other Sámi", "The historic losses of the Sámi have turned into a void", "Sámi are not provided with equal mental health care", "The strong Sámi networks have both positive and negative impacts" and "'Birgetkultuvvra' might be a problem". The findings indicate that the participants understand suicide among Sámi in relation to increased problem load for Sámi (difficulties in life not encountered by non-Sámi) and inadequate problem-solving mechanisms on different levels, including lack of equal mental health care for Sámi and cultural values of managing by oneself ("ieš birget"). The findings are important when designing suicide prevention initiatives specifically targeting Sámi.
PubMed ID
30675809 View in PubMed
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RISING SUN: Prioritized Outcomes for Suicide Prevention in the Arctic.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295556
Source
Psychiatr Serv. 2018 Oct 24; :appips201700505
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Oct-24-2018
Author
Pamela Y Collins
Roberto A Delgado
Charlene Apok
Laura Baez
Peter Bjerregaard
Susan Chatwood
Cody Chipp
Allison Crawford
Alex Crosby
Denise Dillard
David Driscoll
Heidi Ericksen
Jack Hicks
Christina V L Larsen
Richard McKeon
Per Jonas Partapuoli
Anthony Phillips
Beverly Pringle
Stacy Rasmus
Sigrún Sigurðardóttir
Anne Silviken
Jon Petter Stoor
Yury Sumarokov
Lisa Wexler
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle (Collins); National Science Foundation, Alexandria, Virginia (Delgado); South Central Foundation, Anchorage, Alaska (Apok, Dillard); North Star Hospital, Anchorage (Baez); National Institute of Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, and Center for Health Research, University of Greenland, Nuuk (Bjerregaard); Institute for Circumpolar Health, Northwest Territories and School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (Chatwood); Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, Anchorage (Chipp); Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto (Crawford); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta (Crosby); University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia (Driscoll); Utsjoki Health Care Centre, Utsjoki, Finland (Ericksen); Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, and Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations, Saskatchewan, Canada (Hicks); National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen (Larsen); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, Maryland (McKeon); Saami Council, Kiruna, Sweden (Partapuoli); Department of Psychiatry and Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada (Phillips); National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), Bethesda, Maryland (Pringle); Center for Alaska Native Health Research, Institute of Arctic Biology, and College of Rural and Community Development, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks (Rasmus); School of Health Sciences, University of Akureyri, Akureyri, Iceland (Sigurðardóttir); Centre for Sámi Health Research, Department of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø-the Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø (Silviken); Sami Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Mental Health and Substance Abuse, Finnmark County Hospital Trust, Karasjok, Norway (Silviken, Stoor); Institute of Public Health, Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk Region, Russian Federation (Sumarokov); School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst (Wexler). Kathleen M. Pike, Ph.D., and Pamela Scorza, Sc.D., M.P.H., are editors of this column.
Source
Psychiatr Serv. 2018 Oct 24; :appips201700505
Date
Oct-24-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
The Arctic Council, a collaborative forum among governments and Arctic communities, has highlighted the problem of suicide and potential solutions. The mental health initiative during the United States chairmanship, Reducing the Incidence of Suicide in Indigenous Groups: Strengths United Through Networks (RISING SUN), used a Delphi methodology complemented by face-to-face stakeholder discussions to identify outcomes to evaluate suicide prevention interventions. RISING SUN underscored that multilevel suicide prevention initiatives require mobilizing resources and enacting policies that promote the capacity for wellness, for example, by reducing adverse childhood experiences, increasing social equity, and mitigating the effects of colonization and poverty.
PubMed ID
30353789 View in PubMed
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A scoping review of Indigenous suicide prevention in circumpolar regions.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature261034
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2015;74:27509
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
  1 document  
Author
Jennifer Redvers
Peter Bjerregaard
Heidi Eriksen
Sahar Fanian
Gwen Healey
Vanessa Hiratsuka
Michael Jong
Christina Viskum Lytken Larsen
Janice Linton
Nathaniel Pollock
Anne Silviken
Petter Stoor
Susan Chatwood
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2015;74:27509
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
File Size
636900
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Arctic Regions
Female
Focus Groups
Humans
Male
Mental health
Needs Assessment
Population Groups/ethnology
Population Groups/statistics & numerical data
Primary Prevention/organization & administration
Retrospective Studies
Risk assessment
Sex Factors
Suicide/prevention & control
Survival Analysis
Young Adult
Abstract
Background. Suicide is a serious public health challenge in circumpolar regions, especially among Indigenous youth. Indigenous communities, government agencies and health care providers are making concerted efforts to reduce the burden of suicide and strengthen protective factors for individuals, families and communities. The persistence of suicide has made it clear that more needs to be done. Objective. Our aim was to undertake a scoping review of the peer-reviewed literature on suicide prevention and interventions in Indigenous communities across the circumpolar north. Our objective was to determine the extent and types of interventions that have been reported during past decade. We want to use this knowledge to support community initiative and inform intervention development and evaluation. Design. We conducted a scoping review of online databases to identify studies published between 2004 and 2014. We included articles that described interventions in differentiated circumpolar Indigenous populations and provided evaluation data. We retained grey literature publications for comparative reference. Results. Our search identified 95 articles that focused on suicide in distinct circumpolar Indigenous populations; 19 articles discussed specific suicide-related interventions and 7 of these described program evaluation methods and results in detail. The majority of publications on specific interventions were found in North American countries. The majority of prevention or intervention documentation was found in supporting grey literature sources. Conclusion. Despite widespread concern about suicide in the circumpolar world and active community efforts to promote resilience and mental well-being, we found few recorded programs or initiatives documented in the peer-reviewed literature, and even fewer focusing specifically on youth intervention. The interventions described in the studies we found had diverse program designs and content, and used varied evaluation methods and outcomes. The studies we included consistently reported that it was important to use community-based and culturally guided interventions and evaluations. This article summarizes the current climate of Indigenous circumpolar suicide research in the context of intervention and highlights how intervention-based outcomes have largely remained outside of peer-reviewed sources in this region of the world.
PubMed ID
25742882 View in PubMed
Documents
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"We are like lemmings": making sense of the cultural meaning(s) of suicide among the indigenous Sami in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature265860
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2015;74:27669
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Jon Petter A Stoor
Niclas Kaiser
Lars Jacobsson
Ellinor Salander Renberg
Anne Silviken
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2015;74:27669
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
Suicide is a widespread problem among indigenous people residing in the circumpolar Arctic. Though the situation among the indigenous Sami in northern Scandinavia is better than among some other indigenous people, suicide is still regarded as a major public health issue. To adapt prevention strategies that are culturally attuned one must understand how suicide is understood within context. That is, the cultural meaning(s) of suicide.
To explore and make sense of the cultural meaning(s) of suicide among Sami in Sweden.
Open-ended focus group discussions (FGDs) on the topic "suicide among Sami" were carried out in 5 Sami communities in Sweden, with in total 22 strategically selected Sami participants. FGDs were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed through employing content analysis.
From the FGDs 4 themes emerged including "The Sami are fighting for their culture and the herders are in the middle of the fight," "Suicide as a consequence of Sami losing (or having lost) their identity," "A wildfire in the Sami world" and "Difficult to get help as a Sami."
Findings indicate that Sami in Sweden make sense of suicide in relation to power and identity within a threatened Sami cultural context. Suicide is then understood as an act that takes place and makes sense to others when a Sami no longer has the power to maintain a Sami identity, resulting in being disconnected from the Sami world and placed in an existential void where suicide is a solution. The findings are useful in development of culturally attuned suicide prevention among Sami in Sweden.
PubMed ID
26333721 View in PubMed
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6 records – page 1 of 1.