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Immigrant girls perceive less stress.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature93231
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2008 Jul;97(7):889-93
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2008
Author
Lindblad F.
Backman L.
Akerstedt T.
Author Affiliation
Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. frank.lindblad@stressforskning.su.se
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2008 Jul;97(7):889-93
Date
Jul-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Emigrants and Immigrants - psychology
Female
Humans
Questionnaires
Stress, Psychological - diagnosis - psychology
Sweden
Abstract
AIM: To develop a new stress scale and use it for investigating impact of ethnicity on perception of stress. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One thousand one hundred and twenty-four students (grades 6-9) from 14 schools filled in a questionnaire at school with questions about age, sex, use of language at home (proxy for cultural background), stress and stressors. Factor analysis and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Two-stress dimensions were identified, 'pressure'(7 items, Cronbach's alpha 0.862) and 'activation'(4 items, Cronbach's alpha 0.767). Scores on the two scales and a separate 'stress' item were higher in girls and increased with grade. Use of another language than Swedish at home showed a significant effect only for activation, with lower scores in girls. The interaction effect between sex and language was significant for all variables and was due mainly to lower stress in girls using another language than Swedish at home. CONCLUSION: This new stress scale has some promising qualities like a condensed format, basis in a specific stress concept and formulated to be as age and culture independent as possible. Immigrant girls seem to perceive less stress than Swedish born girls, which opens up for questions about protective mechanisms.
PubMed ID
18460041 View in PubMed
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