AIM AND METHODS: The possibility of using multiplane transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) in the diagnostics of stenotic atherosclerosis of the main coronary arteries in a comparative aspect were studied in 94 patients with coronary artery disease (men, mean age 52 +/- 7 years). Coronary arteries stenoses were calculated with Doppler echocardiography using a modified continuity equation: stenosis (%)=100 x(1-prestenotic VTI(d)/stenotic VTI(d)) where prestenotic VTI(d), (cm)=diastolic velocity integral in the prestenotic zone, and stenotic VTI(d), (cm)=in the trans-stenotic zone. RESULTS: High sensitivity and specificity of TEE in the diagnostics of stenotic and occlusive atherosclerosis of coronary arteries were revealed. They measured 88% and 98% for the left main coronary artery (LMCA), 97% and 67% for the left descending artery (LDA), 95% and 92% for the circumflex artery (CX), 83% and 97% for the right coronary artery (RCA), respectively. A high correlation was found between the results of TEE and QCA in the diagnostics of coronary stenoses which were made for the LMCA (r=0.82P 50%) according to a peak diastolic velocity of the coronary blood flow, calculated as 1.4m.s(-1)for the LMCA, 0.9m.s(-1)for the LDA, and 1.1m.s(-1)for the CX. We determined Doppler echocardiography criteria of coronary arteries occlusions such as a 'break' of colour mapping, absence of Doppler spectrum and retrograde blood flow during late diastole. CONCLUSION: Transoesophageal Doppler evaluation of coronary blood flow with application of a modified continuity equation is an accurate, non-invasive method of coronary arteries stenoses diagnostics.
Simultaneous transesophageal Doppler assessment of coronary flow reserve in the left anterior descending artery and coronary sinus allows differentiation between proximal and non-proximal left anterior descending artery stenoses.
AIM AND METHODS: The role of simultaneous transesophageal Doppler assessment of coronary flow reserve (CFR) in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and coronary sinus (CS) in the diagnostics of hemodynamically significant LAD stenoses of various localization was studied in 16 CAD patients with angiographically proven >50% stenotic atherosclerosis of the LAD (nine--in the proximal third, seven--in the mid and/or distal third) and 23 healthy volunteers (all men). Dipyridamole was used as a stress agent. The diastolic phase of coronary flow in the LAD and the antegrade phase of coronary flow in the CS were analyzed. CFR in the LAD and CS was calculated in two ways: one--as ratio of peak hyperemic flow velocity to the peak baseline blood flow velocity (CFR by Vp); two--as ratio of volume hyperemic blood flow velocity to the volume baseline blood flow velocity (CFR by VBF). The level of the CFR