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[Attitude of general practitioners to the importance of gender and diet in disease prevention]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature10741
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1999 Jan 4;161(1):40-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-4-1999
Author
U. Hølund
G. Boysen
P. Charles
E F Eriksen
O K Overvad
B H Petersson
B. Sandström
A R Thomassen
M A Vittrup
Author Affiliation
Mejeriernes Ernaeringscenter, Arhus.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1999 Jan 4;161(1):40-3
Date
Jan-4-1999
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel
Denmark
Dietary Services
English Abstract
Female
Food Habits
Health Behavior
Humans
Life Style
Male
Physicians, Family - psychology
Preventive Health Services - economics - organization & administration - standards
Primary Prevention
Questionnaires
Sex Factors
Abstract
Three hundred and seventy-four general practitioners (GPs) in Denmark filled in a questionnaire on attitudes to include information on gender and diet in the strategy for prevention of coronary heart disease, cancer, osteoporosis, and overweight/underweight. Risk factors for disease in general were ranked as follows: smoking, alcohol, stress, diet, physical exercise, heredity and hygiene. The patients' lack of motivation, insufficient time for each patient, and inadequate knowledge about nutrition were stated as barriers to dietary counselling. The GPs stated that the gender of the patient was important only to the counselling on osteoporosis. Lack of time and insufficient knowledge were perceived as barriers for including gender specific issues in prevention. It is concluded that GPs consider dietary counselling important but lack time and knowledge. The results point at a need for better pre- and postgraduate training in nutrition, and for a better reimbursement system for time spent on prevention.
PubMed ID
9922687 View in PubMed
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[Prevention in general practice. Are female and male patients treated the same way? A questionnaire study]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature21278
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1999 Jan 4;161(1):44-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-4-1999
Author
U. Hølund
G. Boysen
P. Charles
E F Eriksen
O K Overvad
B H Petersson
B. Sandström
A R Thomassen
M A Vittrup
Author Affiliation
Mejeriernes Ernaeringscenter, Arhus.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1999 Jan 4;161(1):44-8
Date
Jan-4-1999
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Denmark
Dietary Services
English Abstract
Family Practice
Female
Health Behavior
Humans
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Physician's Practice Patterns
Preventive Health Services
Primary Prevention
Questionnaires
Sex Factors
Abstract
Three hundred and seventy-four general practitioners (GPs) in Denmark filled in a questionnaire on practices regarding prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD), cancer, osteoporosis, and overweight/underweight. Half of the GPs were questioned about the issue of prevention based upon female case stories and the other half on male case stories with identical wording. The GPs more often in relation to: Prevention of CHD gave dietary counselling and recommended weight loss to slightly overweight male than female patients. Prevention of cancers gave dietary counselling and recommended weight loss and increase of exercise to female than to male patients. Prevention of osteoporosis recommended a supplement of calcium and vitamin D to female than to male patients. Treatment of underweight recommended weight gain and discussion of psycho-social issues to underweight female than male patients. In conclusion, GPs distinguish between men and women in relation to prevention strategies in general practice. There is a need for well-described prevention and action strategies with relevant gender differentiation for use in general practice.
PubMed ID
9922688 View in PubMed
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[Treatment of acute apoplexy at a medical department with a specialized rehabilitation unit].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature207495
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1997 Sep 15;159(38):5667-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-15-1997
Author
A R Thomassen
Author Affiliation
Randers Centralsygehus, medicinsk afdeling.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1997 Sep 15;159(38):5667-71
Date
Sep-15-1997
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Cerebrovascular Disorders - mortality - rehabilitation - therapy
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Hospital Units
Humans
Length of Stay
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Abstract
The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the occurrence of acute stroke and the effect of treatment measured as mortality, length of hospital stay and discharge to the home in a medical department with a specialized rehabilitation unit. During the period 1.9.1992-31.5.1995 110 patients were discharged to their own home after transient cerebral ischaemia, 23 after subarachnoid haemorrhage, 62 after documented intracerebral haemorrhage and 574 after acute stroke due to infarction or unknown cause. The 636 patients in the last two groups had an in hospital mortality of 18%, a 30-day mortality 18% and a six month mortality of 25%. In the same group the length of hospital stay was 25.6 days and 68% were discharged to their own home. In conclusion the results of treatment of acute stroke in a medical department with a specialized rehabilitation unit were similar to those reported from acute stroke units in Denmark and abroad, but the patients admitted to our department were younger and fewer were single, which may itself reduce mortality and length of hospital stay.
PubMed ID
9340874 View in PubMed
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