Three hundred and seventy-four general practitioners (GPs) in Denmark filled in a questionnaire on attitudes to include information on gender and diet in the strategy for prevention of coronary heart disease, cancer, osteoporosis, and overweight/underweight. Risk factors for disease in general were ranked as follows: smoking, alcohol, stress, diet, physical exercise, heredity and hygiene. The patients' lack of motivation, insufficient time for each patient, and inadequate knowledge about nutrition were stated as barriers to dietary counselling. The GPs stated that the gender of the patient was important only to the counselling on osteoporosis. Lack of time and insufficient knowledge were perceived as barriers for including gender specific issues in prevention. It is concluded that GPs consider dietary counselling important but lack time and knowledge. The results point at a need for better pre- and postgraduate training in nutrition, and for a better reimbursement system for time spent on prevention.
Three hundred and seventy-four general practitioners (GPs) in Denmark filled in a questionnaire on practices regarding prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD), cancer, osteoporosis, and overweight/underweight. Half of the GPs were questioned about the issue of prevention based upon female case stories and the other half on male case stories with identical wording. The GPs more often in relation to: Prevention of CHD gave dietary counselling and recommended weight loss to slightly overweight male than female patients. Prevention of cancers gave dietary counselling and recommended weight loss and increase of exercise to female than to male patients. Prevention of osteoporosis recommended a supplement of calcium and vitamin D to female than to male patients. Treatment of underweight recommended weight gain and discussion of psycho-social issues to underweight female than male patients. In conclusion, GPs distinguish between men and women in relation to prevention strategies in general practice. There is a need for well-described prevention and action strategies with relevant gender differentiation for use in general practice.
The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the occurrence of acute stroke and the effect of treatment measured as mortality, length of hospital stay and discharge to the home in a medical department with a specialized rehabilitation unit. During the period 1.9.1992-31.5.1995 110 patients were discharged to their own home after transient cerebral ischaemia, 23 after subarachnoid haemorrhage, 62 after documented intracerebral haemorrhage and 574 after acute stroke due to infarction or unknown cause. The 636 patients in the last two groups had an in hospital mortality of 18%, a 30-day mortality 18% and a six month mortality of 25%. In the same group the length of hospital stay was 25.6 days and 68% were discharged to their own home. In conclusion the results of treatment of acute stroke in a medical department with a specialized rehabilitation unit were similar to those reported from acute stroke units in Denmark and abroad, but the patients admitted to our department were younger and fewer were single, which may itself reduce mortality and length of hospital stay.