Parameters of the cardiovascular system and the content of corticosterone, thyrotrophin, thyroxin, and triiodothyronine in the plasma, and norepinephrine in the myocardium were determined in male NISAG rats (hereditary stress-induced arterial hypertension) reared by normotensive Wistar rats. Cross-rearing of hypertensive rat pups by normotensive females attenuated arterial hypertension with a tendency to normalization of the examined parameters. This confirms the possibility of modifying hypertensive phenotype by changing the conditions of the early postnatal development.
Plasma, lymph and myocardial Fe(2+) contents and blood antioxidant activity were studied in hypertensive NISAG and normotensive Wistar rats with experimental myocardial infarction. In hypertensive rats, iron levels in plasma, lymph and myocardial tissue were increased throughout the experiment. In both strains iron content in the plasma during experimental myocardial infarction negatively correlated with blood antioxidant activity. In hypertensive NISAG rats this correlation persisted also during recovery. This attests to prooxidant effect of Fe(2+) aggravating the course of myocardial infarction in NISAG rats.
We compared the results of clinical and experimental studies of endocrine parameters in patients with myocardial infarction and arterial hypertension and NISAG rats with hereditary stress-induced arterial hypertension during experimental myocardial infarction. Changes in the content of corticosterone, aldosterone, insulin, triiodothyronine, and thyroxin were similar in animals and patients with myocardial infarction and arterial hypertension. The disadaptive course of myocardial infarction against the background of arterial hypertension can be explained by reduced compensatory capacity of the myocardium.
The dynamics of selenium content in the plasma, lymph, and myocardium and plasma antioxidant activity were studied in male NISAG (hereditary stress-induced arterial hypertension) and Wistar rats with acute myocardial infarction and during recovery.In NISAG rats the decrease in selenium content correlated with the decrease in antioxidant activity. This probably aggravates the symptoms of experimental myocardial infarction in animals with hereditary arterial hypertension.