Dynamics of main characteristics of children's health (morbidity, disablement and mortality rates) for the last 15 years is followed up. Results of analysis of official statistics and relevant scientific research are reported. The most important factors influencing children's health in the course of development are discussed. Medico-social implications of deterioration and stabilization of selected health indices are considered. Main strategies for the solution of current problems related to children's health protection, improvement and repair are outlined.
The paper presents data on the history of foundation of the Research Institute for the Hygiene and Health Care of Children and Adolescents. The Institute is reported to have established to study the influence of factors of the vital activity environment and the health status and capability of children and adolescents, and the development, on this basis, of measures aimed at maintaining and promoting the health status of the rising generation. The Institute is the only research establishment of this profile in the Russian Federation, the leading scientific institution on this problem. Since 2000, the Institute has been the national center for supporting the European network of health promotion schools. By taking into account the tasks posed by hygienic science and practical health care, the Institute has developed a research concept stemming from the peculiarities of the body at each stage of development and, in this connection, hygienic standards and regulations in terms of the sex, age, health status, and achieved development of a child. The paper lists research areas, teaching points of cardinal problems of childhood hygiene, such as adaptation, hygienic rationing. The Institute took part in the development of hygienic standards, a new basic school-based educational program, and the Law on State Educational Standard. Research developments obtained from the Institute's multidimensional studies are outlined. The specialists of the Institute are actively involved in the activity of international medical associations.
[Brief history of creation and activities of Research Institute of Hygiene and Health Protection of Children and Adolescents State Institution Research Centre of Children's Health Protection, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences].
The Institute was founded to study effects of environmental factors on the health status and day-to-day activities of children and adolescents in organized groups and to use the data obtained for the elaboration of measures for the protection and promotion of their health. The Institute is up to now the sole research institution of this kind in the Russian Federation entitled to coordinate problem-solving efforts on a national scale. Since 2000, it has been functioning as the National Centre for support of the European network of health promoting schools. The Institute developed a concept of research designed to resolve topical problems facing hygienic science and practical health service; it implicates elaboration of hygienic norms and regulations taking into account age, sex, health status, and the level of mental and physical development of individual children. The main lines of research carried out at the Institute are listed with special reference to the theoretical aspects of such cardinal problems of child hygiene as adaptation, hygienic regulation and standardization, etc. The Institute participated in the development of a new basic curriculum and the state education standard law. The authors present results of multidisciplinary research and developments obtained at the Institute. Specialists of the Institute are involved in the work of international scientific societies.