Skip header and navigation

3 records – page 1 of 1.

Rabies Cases in the West of China Have Two Distinct Origins.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature267123
Source
PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Oct;9(10):e0004140
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2015
Author
Xiao-Yan Tao
Zhen-Yang Guo
Hao Li
Wen-Tao Jiao
Xin-Xin Shen
Wu-Yang Zhu
Simon Rayner
Qing Tang
Source
PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Oct;9(10):e0004140
Date
Oct-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
In China, rabies remains an ongoing threat to public health. Although control efforts have been effective in reducing the number of annual cases, the virus continues to spread into new areas. Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu and Ningxia in western China have, until recently, reported only a handful of events. However, since 2011, there have been increasing numbers of cases recorded in these areas. In this study, we report the collection and analysis of samples collected from these regions. We find that cases originate from two different sources. Strains collected from Gansu and Ningxia are closely related to the primary lineage associated with the current epizootic, whereas those from Tibet and Qinghai are related to the Arctic-like-2 lineage that is most commonly associated with wildlife cases in China. Thus, it appears that while the epizootic is beginning to encroach into Gansu and Ningxia, Tibet and Qinghai a significant number of rabies cases originate from wildlife.
Notes
Cites: BMC Infect Dis. 2014;14:21224742224
Cites: PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6(5):e164022563518
Cites: Virol Sin. 2012 Jun;27(3):194-20322684474
Cites: Nucleic Acids Res. 1997 Dec 15;25(24):4876-829396791
Cites: Viruses. 2013 Jan;5(1):241-7823344562
Cites: PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;7(1):e203923383359
Cites: Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2009 Feb;9(1):1-1218803503
Cites: Virol Sin. 2012 Apr;27(2):132-4322492004
Cites: Epidemiol Infect. 2008 Apr;136(4):509-1917599781
Cites: Brief Bioinform. 2008 Jul;9(4):299-30618417537
Cites: Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 Aug;15(8):1192-819751579
Cites: BMC Infect Dis. 2009;9:21020025742
Cites: Epidemiol Infect. 2011 Apr;139(4):629-3520546631
Cites: PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;7(7):e229423875035
PubMed ID
26484668 View in PubMed
Less detail

Seasonal prevalence and determinants of food insecurity in Iqaluit, Nunavut.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature265325
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2015;74:27284
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Yang Guo
Lea Berrang-Ford
James Ford
Marie-Pierre Lardeau
Victoria Edge
Kaitlin Patterson
Sherilee L Harper
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2015;74:27284
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
Food insecurity is an ongoing problem in the Canadian Arctic. Although most studies have focused on smaller communities, little is known about food insecurity in larger centres.
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity during 2 different seasons in Iqaluit, the territorial capital of Nunavut, as well as identify associated risk factors.
A modified United States Department of Agriculture Food Security Survey was applied to 532 randomly selected households in September 2012 and 523 in May 2013. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression were used to examine potential associations between food security and 9 risk factors identified in the literature.
In September 2012, 28.7% of surveyed households in Iqaluit were food insecure, a rate 3 times higher than the national average, but lower than smaller Inuit communities in Nunavut. Prevalence of food insecurity in September 2012 was not significantly different in May 2013 (27.2%). When aggregating results from Inuit households from both seasons (May and September), food insecurity was associated with poor quality housing and reliance on income support (p
PubMed ID
26248959 View in PubMed
Less detail

Whole Genome Sequencing and Comparisons of Different Chinese Rabies Virus Lineages Including the First Complete Genome of an Arctic-like Strain in China.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature273816
Source
Biomed Environ Sci. 2016 May;29(5):340-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2016
Author
Hao Li
Zhen Yang Guo
Jian Zhang
Xiao Yan Tao
Wu Yang Zhu
Qing Tang
Hong Tu Liu
Source
Biomed Environ Sci. 2016 May;29(5):340-6
Date
May-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
To learn the rabies genome molecular characteristics and compare the difference of China rabies lineages.
The complete genomes of 12 strains from different China rabies lineages were amplified and sequenced, and all the China street strain genomes (total 43), Arctic and Arctic-like genomes were aligned using ClustalX2, the genome homologies were analyzed using MegAlign software, and the phylogenetic trees were constructed by MEGA 5.
First Arctic-like rabies genome in China (CQH1202D) was reported, and we supplemented the rabies genome data of China, ensuring at least one genome was available in each China lineage. The genome size of China V (11908nt) is obviously shorter than other lineages' (11923-11925nt) for the difference of N-P non-coding regions. Among different lineages, the genome homologies are almost under 90%. CQH1202D (China IV lineage) has close relationship with strains from South Korea and they share about 95% genome similarities.
The molecular characteristics of 6 different China rabies lineages were compared and analyzed from genome level, which benefits for continued comprehensive rabies surveillance, rabies prevention and control in China.
PubMed ID
27353708 View in PubMed
Less detail