In the article about The First Naval Hospital, that became famous during the Great Patriotic War, the authors present the facts of the heroic work of the hospital and its staff under the hardest conditions of the Siege of Leningrad, in an atmosphere of constant shelling, its productive clinical and scientfic work during the war years (1941-1945). As a material for the preparation of this article were used documents of the Military-Medical Museum, factual information about the history of the hospital published in various sources.
Expert assessment of possibilities of naval medical service for delivery of assistance in emergency situations in deployment areas is performed. It is noted that the main menaces are radiation, chemical accidents, and explosiveness of objects. Inconsistency between supposed losses and possibilities of naval medical service is probable in case of emergency. This inconsistency requires improvement of interaction with medical services of other ministries, drill of coordinative actions of naval medical commands with other commands of other ministries in organizational frames of united Service for Disaster Medicine.