The article covers differential diagnostic features of pulmonary tuberculosis and pneumoconiosis in workers engaged into mullite refractories production. The authors suggest that the disease courses as a new form of lung disorder--mullitosis.
The authors revealed that actual prevalence of various COLD exceeded the registered value 3.3 times. The actual prevalence appeared to be under influence from tobacco smoking habits distribution, effects of industrial dust pollutants, chronic nasopharyngeal infections, respiratory infections, age, and atmospheric pollution.
To study the pubescent characteristics of the prevalence of the arterial hypertension, the hyperglycemia, the hypercholesterolemia, the overweight and their combination the comprehensive examination of 4837 citizen of the City of Veliki Novgorod and Novgorod oblast aged from 20 to 87 years was organized. The analysis revealed in the examined territory the higher prevalence of hypertension and other studied risk factors and their combination are strongly related to the gender and the age of population. The prevalence of the obesity and the hyperglycemia, the combination of the overweight with the arterial hypertension and the hyperglycemia and the combination of the arterial hypertension with the hyperglycemia as well are significantly higher in the female subpopulation and in the elder population. It is established that the arterial hypertension affects about 46.80% of the adult population. The hyperglycemia is detected in 6.039% of cases. The prevalence of the fore-obesity and the obesity itself among male population consists of 50.4% and among female population--63.1%. The I degree obesity occurs among the females twice time more often than among the males; the II degree obesity--fourth times more often and the III degree obesity--sixth times more often. Among the females, as compared with the males, the prevalence of the combination of the arterial hypertension with the overweight is 1.5 times higher, the combination of the arterial hypertension with the hyperglycemia--1.7 times higher and the combination of the overweight with the hyperglycemia--1.7 times higher.