We studied the actual consumption of specific food groups of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and analyzed the nutritional risk factors for OA in case-control study. Level of consumption of all types of dairy products was significantly lower in the group of patients with OA compared with controls. The relative risk of developing OA in the consumption of less than 573 g (median) of dairy products in terms of milk increases by 5-6 times.
The prevalence of rheumatic diseases was studied at a mass screening in a brick-yard in Pervouralsk. Altogether 2190 persons were examined, of them various rheumatic diseases were detected in 1049 (47.89%): inflammatory in 6.66%, degenerative in 93.34%. A study was made of the structure of rheumatic diseases. Diseases of the locomotor system of degenerative nature were shown to rank first in the structure of rheumatic incidence. A decrease in rheumatic fever prevalence (0.68%) as compared to national rates (1.5 +/- 2.0%) was noted. Two cases of silicoarthrosis, 5 cases of sclerodermia systematica and 2 cases of Caplan's syndrome were detected.