Demographic and migration processes are analyzed for the Amur region, a typical Far-Eastern Russian territory with low density of population, in the historical and modern aspects. Low birth rate, high mortality, and negative natural increment of population reflect the social and economic reforms of the nineties in the Russian Far East. Demographic situation and migration processes in Asian and Pacific countries neighboring the Russian Far East are characterized by positive tendencies (high birth rate, natural increment in population number, and tendencies of migration of the capable population from densely populated central and Southern provinces to little populated Eastern provinces). According to the demographic prognosis, during the nearest decades we shall witness acute shortage of working resources in the Amur region, which will stimulate the already high flow of foreign manpower from the neighboring countries (China and Northern Korea). This necessitates urgent stabilizing measures at the local and federal levels.
The solution of the staff problem arising because of reformation of medical education and organization of training of specialists in new fields of medicine, required by the market, is a necessary prerequisite for the realization of the concept of population health protection. The authors share their experience gained in the training of specialists in accordance with the requirements of the reform at medical institutes of the Far East.