The authors describe ecological and epidemiological features of body, head and pubic louse pediculosis among servicemen and its epidemiological and hygienic significance. The article shows the possible routes of proliferation of lice in military contingency. There are practical recommendations for the army physician on execution of preventive measures and disinfection, as well as most effective and simple methods of lice extermination on the man's body, underwear, uniform, linen and dwelling. The article discusses various variants of insecticide application in different situations, and describes new antipediculous insecticides.
On the basis of complex analysis of the present situation and problems of immunization in the Armed Forces the authors worked out the scientific substantiation of the principles and trends towards the improvement of immunoprophylaxis among servicemen. The article provides epidemiological evidence concerning the necessity to make a transition to a principle of a complex associated immunization, maintaining unchanged three basic regional schemes, as well as a 2-stage immunization with different approach to the various categories of servicemen, and a 4-5-valent protective vaccine complex for the first-term enlistees. The authors worked out a variant of a calendar and schedules for prophylactic vaccination of personnel in the Armed Forces of Russian Federation in peaceful time.
Taking into account the theory of self-regulation of parasitic systems the authors analyse the basic trends of reformation of antiepidemic work in the Army and Navy. The article discusses the necessity of a wide use of methods of epidemiological diagnostics, social-hygienic monitoring, screening tests on pathogenicity of actual infectious agents and immune resistance of personnel. It will be possible to make a transition to a differentiated prophylaxis and struggle with actual infections taking into account the local territory, time and risk groups on the basis of principles of epidemiological supervision which is substantiated by the theory of self-regulation of parasitic systems. It will make it possible to optimize the antiepidemic work, to increase the quality and the effectiveness of antiepidemic measures, and thus, obtain best economic results.