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Changes in division of labour and tasks within public dentistry: relationship to employees work demands, health and work ability.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature279739
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 2016 Aug;74(6):471-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2016
Author
Bo Rolander
Charlotte Wåhlin
Venerina Johnston
Petra Wagman
Ulrika Lindmark
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 2016 Aug;74(6):471-9
Date
Aug-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Dental Care - organization & administration - trends
Dental Health Services - organization & administration - trends
Dental Hygienists - standards
Employment - statistics & numerical data
Female
General Practice, Dental - organization & administration - standards
Humans
Male
Public Health Dentistry - organization & administration - trends
Public Sector
Sweden
Workload
Abstract
By 2023, fewer dentists are expected in Sweden, at the same time as the demand for dental care is expected to increase. Older people, in particular, are expected to require more dental health than previous generations. To meet this demand, the public sector dentistry in Sweden is moving towards changes in division of labour among dental professionals, including dentists, dental hygienists and dental nurses. However, the impact of this reallocation on the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of employees is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare workplaces with an equal or larger proportion of dental hygienists than dentists (HDH) with workplaces with a larger proportion of dentists than dental hygienists (HD) on the physical and psychosocial work load, musculoskeletal and psychosomatic disorders and sickness presence.
A total of 298 persons employed in the Public Dental Service in a Swedish County Council participated in this study.
The medium large clinics HDH reported 85% of employee's with considerably more high psychosocial demands compared to employees in medium HD (53%) and large HD (57%). Employees in medium large clinics HDH also reported sleep problems due to work (25%) compared with employees in medium large clinics HD (6%), large clinics HD (11%) and small clinics HDH (3%). Clinic size does not seem to influence the outcome of the HD and HD clinics to any great extent. Of all employees, about 94-100% reported high precision demands and 78-91% poor work postures.
PubMed ID
27391284 View in PubMed
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Food selection associated with sense of coherence in adults.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9276
Source
Nutr J. 2005 Feb 28;4(1):9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-28-2005
Author
Ulrika Lindmark
Birgitta Stegmayr
Berit Nilsson
Bernt Lindahl
Ingegerd Johansson
Author Affiliation
Department of Natural Sciences and Biomedicine, University of Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden. ulrika.lindmark@hhj.hj.se
Source
Nutr J. 2005 Feb 28;4(1):9
Date
Feb-28-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Favorable dietary habits promote health, whereas unfavorable habits link to various chronic diseases. An individual's "sense of coherence" (SOC) is reported to correlate with prevalence of some diseases to which dietary habits are linked. However, understanding what determines an individual's dietary preferences and how to change his/her behavior remains limited. The aim of the present study was to evaluate associations between dietary intake and SOC in adults. METHODS: Diet intake was recorded by an 84-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and SOC was measured by the 13-item Antonovsky questionnaire in 2,446 men and 2,545 women (25-74 years old) from the population based northern Sweden MONICA screening in 1999. RESULTS: Intakes of energy, total and saturated fat, ascorbic acid, sucrose, and servings of fruits, vegetables, cereals, and sweets correlated with SOC among women, whereas intakes of total and saturated fat, ascorbic acid, fiber, and alcohol, and servings of fruits, vegetables, bread, bread and cereals, fish, and potatoes correlated with SOC among men. With a few exceptions, intakes of these nutrients/foods were significantly explained by SOC quartile scores in linear GLM models. Both women and men classified into the highest SOC quartile had significantly higher age-BMI-education standardized mean intakes of vegetables than those in the lowest quartiles. Women in the highest SOC quartile also had higher intake of fruits but lower intakes of energy, total and saturated fat, sucrose, and sweets. Projection to latent structures (PLS) multivariate modeling of intakes of the 84 food items and food aggregates simultaneously on SOC scores supported low SOC to coincide with a presumably less health promoting dietary preference, e.g. intake of pizza, soft drinks, candies, sausages for main course, hamburgers, mashed potato, chips and other snacks, potato salad, French fries, whereas men and women with high SOC scores were characterized by e.g. high intake of rye crisp whole meal bread, boiled potato, vegetables, berries, and fruits. CONCLUSION: Both men and women in the highest, as compared with the lowest, SOC score quartile reported more "healthy" food choices. Dietary habits for individuals in the lowest SOC quartile therefore may render a higher risk for various endemic diseases.
PubMed ID
15737236 View in PubMed
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Is an oral health coaching programme a way to sustain oral health for elderly people in nursing homes? A feasibility study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature308616
Source
Int J Dent Hyg. 2020 Feb; 18(1):107-115
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Feb-2020
Author
Isabelle Johansson
Cristina Joy Torgé
Ulrika Lindmark
Author Affiliation
The Research School of Health and Welfare, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
Source
Int J Dent Hyg. 2020 Feb; 18(1):107-115
Date
Feb-2020
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Aged
Feasibility Studies
Humans
Mentoring
Nursing Homes
Oral Health
Oral Hygiene
Sweden
Abstract
This study examines the feasibility of an oral health coaching programme involving practical support on individual level to staff in a nursing home in Sweden, aiming to improve oral health care-related beliefs of nursing staff and the oral health of residents.
This intervention study consisted of three wards from one nursing home, and both staff (n = 48) and residents (n = 58) were invited. In the control ward, 9 staff and 16 residents participated; in test ward 1, 10 staff and 13 residents participated; and at test ward 2, 14 staff and 17 residents participated. An oral health coaching programme was performed 4 h/wk for 3 months. The staff completed the nursing Dental Coping Beliefs Scale at baseline and after 9 months. Oral health of the residents was assessed using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide and mucosal-plaque score at baseline and after 3, 6 and 9 months.
At baseline, 33 staff participated and 22 at 9 months follow-up. For the residents, the figures were 48 and 32, respectively. After the intervention, the nursing DCBS revealed changes related to usage of fluoride, oral health support, gum disease and approximal cleaning. The most frequently reported oral health problems among the residents pertained to teeth and gums. The residents' relatively high level of oral health was stable during the study period.
Despite limitations in the programme, an oral health coaching programme can support nursing staff in maintaining a high level of oral health in residents. The programme was shown feasible, although design improvements are needed.
PubMed ID
31618518 View in PubMed
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Mechanical massage and mental training programmes affect employees' anxiety, stress susceptibility and detachment-a randomised explorative pilot study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270764
Source
BMC Complement Altern Med. 2015;15:302
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Jasmin Muller
Linda Handlin
Mikael Harlén
Ulrika Lindmark
Anette Ekström
Source
BMC Complement Altern Med. 2015;15:302
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Anxiety - therapy
Australia
Female
Humans
Male
Massage
Middle Aged
Pilot Projects
Sweden
Workplace
Abstract
Working people's reduced ability to recover has been proposed as a key factor behind the increase in stress-related health problems. One not yet evidence-based preventive method designed to help employees keep healthy and be less stressed is an armchair with built-in mechanical massage and mental training programmes, This study aimed to evaluate possible effects on employees' experience of levels of "Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility", "Detachment" and "Social Desirability" when using mechanical massage and mental training programmes, both separately and in combination, during working hours.
Employees from four different workplaces were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: i) Massage and mental training (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage while listening to the mental training programmes, n=19), ii) Massage (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage only, n=19), iii) Mental training (sitting in the armchair and listening to the mental training programmes only, n=19), iv) Pause (sitting in the armchair but not receiving mechanical massage or listening to the mental training programmes, n=19), v) Control (not sitting in the armchair at all, n=17). In order to discover how the employees felt about their own health they were asked to respond to statements from the "Swedish Scale of Personality" (SSP), immediately before the randomisation, after four weeks and after eight weeks (end-of-study).
There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied ("Somatic Trait Anxiety", "Psychic Trait Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility", "Detachment" and "Social Desirability") at any of the occasions. However, the massage group showed a significant decrease in the subscale "Somatic Trait Anxiety" (p=0.032), during the entire study period. Significant decreases in the same subscale were also observed in the pause group between start and week eight (p=0.040) as well as between week four and week eight (p=0.049) and also in the control group between the second and third data collection (p=0.014). The massage and mental training group showed a significant decrease in "Stress Susceptibility" between week four and week eight (p=0.022). The pause group showed a significant increase in the subscale "Detachment" (p=0.044).
There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied. However, when looking at each individual group separately, positive effects in their levels of "Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility" and "Detachment" could be seen. Although the results from this pilot study indicate some positive effects, mechanical chair massage and mental training programmes used in order to increase employee's ability to recover, needs to be evaluated further as tools to increase the employees ability to recover.
ACTRN12615000020583 , Date of registration: 15/01/2015.
Notes
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PubMed ID
26329694 View in PubMed
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Occupational balance in health professionals in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature281730
Source
Scand J Occup Ther. 2017 Jan;24(1):18-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2017
Author
Petra Wagman
Ulrika Lindmark
Bo Rolander
Charlotte Wåhlin
Carita Håkansson
Source
Scand J Occup Ther. 2017 Jan;24(1):18-23
Date
Jan-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health Personnel - psychology
Health status
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Therapy - psychology
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sweden
Work-Life Balance
Abstract
Health care employees are often women, a group that has high degrees of sick leave and perhaps problems attaining occupational balance. However, people think differently about their everyday activities and it is therefore important to take their perceptions into account but occupational balance has not yet been measured in health professionals. The aim was to describe occupational balance in three different samples of health professionals in Sweden. A further aim was to investigate whether occupational therapists (OTs) rate their occupational balance differently from other health professionals.
Four hundred and eighty-two health professionals, employees in public dentistry, mental health care and OTs, aged 21-70 years participated. The participants' occupational balance was measured using the occupational balance questionnaire (OBQ).
The ratings of occupational balance were similar to earlier studies and did not differ significantly between the samples. The OTs' occupational balance was also similar to that of the other health professionals.
The similarities in occupational balance indicate the same difficulties in attaining it.
The result highlights the possibility that working people face similar difficulties in achieving occupational balance. Further research is warranted about how to attain it.
PubMed ID
27385582 View in PubMed
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Occurrence of oral health problems and planned measures in dependent older people in nursing care.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297724
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2018 Dec; 27(23-24):4381-4389
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Dec-2018
Author
Veronica Rantzow
Pia Andersson
Ulrika Lindmark
Author Affiliation
Higher Vocational Education Helsingborg, Helsingborg, Sweden.
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2018 Dec; 27(23-24):4381-4389
Date
Dec-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Humans
Male
Mouth Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - therapy
Nursing Assessment
Nursing Homes
Oral Health
Oral Hygiene
Quality of Life
Sweden
Tooth Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - therapy
Abstract
To describe oral health problems and planned measures in older people receiving nursing care.
Poor oral health conditions have a negative impact on the quality of life of older people. Therefore, oral care is an important task in daily nursing activities.
Data were obtained from the web-based Swedish national quality register Senior Alert. Data regarding oral health status and planned measures in individuals =65 years from one county in Sweden between July 2014-June 2015 were included. The Revised Oral Assessment Guide-the Jönköping (ROAG-J) was used routinely by nursing staff in nursing care facilities to measure oral health status.
Oral assessments were made on 2,567 individuals (65.7% women). The most common oral health problem was related to "Teeth" (43.0%), which indicates deficient oral hygiene and/or broken teeth. At least one measure was planned in all the participants. The most common planned measures were "Moistening of the mouth" (16.6%), followed by "Brushing - assistance or complete help" (13.5%).
Oral health problems were common, and planned measures did not seem to be sufficient to address the identified problems. The results indicate that greater priority should be given to the oral health care of older people in nursing care.
The study highlights the importance of not only identifying oral health problems but also having knowledge and strategies for oral health care. Collaboration is needed to support nurses in caring for the oral health care of older people in nursing homes.
PubMed ID
29943858 View in PubMed
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Oral health matters for the nutritional status of older persons-A population-based study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature294568
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2018 Mar; 27(5-6):1143-1152
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Mar-2018
Author
Ulrika Lindmark
Henrik Jansson
Christina Lannering
Linda Johansson
Author Affiliation
Department of Natural Science and Biomedicine, Centre for Oral Health, Aging Research Network - Jönköping, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2018 Mar; 27(5-6):1143-1152
Date
Mar-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Deglutition Disorders - epidemiology
Female
Geriatric Assessment - methods
Humans
Male
Malnutrition - epidemiology
Nutritional Status
Oral Health - statistics & numerical data
Oral Hygiene - statistics & numerical data
Research Design
Retrospective Studies
Sweden
Abstract
To explore the association between oral health and nutritional status in the context of daily care for older people.
Oral problems often increase with age and affect a person's ability to chew and swallow. They might also influence the ability to maintain a satisfactory nutritional status. Oral health awareness is therefore of great importance in nursing care for older people.
A retrospective cross-sectional study.
Data from the Swedish quality register, Senior Alert, were used, including structured assessments of both oral and nutritional status using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide-Jönköping and the Mini Nutritional Assessment. In total, 1,156 persons (mean age: 82.8 ± 7.9) had both oral and nutritional assessments registered by the nursing staff in daily care.
Approximately 29% of participants had moderate oral health problems. Another 12% had severe problems. Over 60% of the persons were considered at risk of malnutrition or were malnourished. There was a weak correlation between poor nutritional status and poor oral health, and approximately one-third of the persons who were at risk or malnourished had simultaneous oral problems. A multivariate logistic regression revealed that when problems involving voice and swallowing were present, there was also a greater possibility of being assessed as at risk of malnourishment or being malnourished.
There is a relationship between oral health problems and nutritional status, indicating the importance of evaluating oral health status in older persons with nutritional problems.
Nursing staff involved in care for older people should be aware of the importance of including regular oral health check-ups in their work. There is also a need for nursing staff members and oral health professionals to exchange knowledge.
PubMed ID
29076209 View in PubMed
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Oral health of individuals aged 3-80 years in Jönköping, Sweden during 40 years (1973-2013). II. Review of clinical and radiographic findings.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature269037
Source
Swed Dent J. 2015;39(2):69-86
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Ola Norderyd
Göran Koch
Apostolos Papias
Alkisti Anastassaki Köhler
Anna Nydell Helkimo
Carl-Otto Brahm
Ulrika Lindmark
Ninita Lindfors
Anna Mattsson
Bo Rolander
Christer Ullbro
Elisabeth Wärnberg Gerdin
Fredrik Frisk
Source
Swed Dent J. 2015;39(2):69-86
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alveolar Bone Loss - epidemiology - radiography
Child
Child, Preschool
Dental Caries - epidemiology - radiography
Dental Health Surveys
Dental Implants - statistics & numerical data
Dental Plaque Index
Dental Restoration, Permanent - statistics & numerical data
Female
Gingivitis - epidemiology - radiography
Humans
Jaw, Edentulous - epidemiology - radiography
Male
Middle Aged
Oral Health
Periodontal Pocket - epidemiology - radiography
Radiography, Dental
Sweden - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
The aim of this epidemiological study performed in 2013 was to analyze various clinical and radiographic data on oral health and compare the results to those of four cross-sectional studies carried out 1973-2003. In 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003, and 2013 random samples of 1,000; 1,104; 1,078; 987; and 1,010 individuals, respectively, were studied. The individuals were evenly distributed in the age groups 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, and 80o years. Eighty-year-olds were not included in 1973. All subjects were inhabitants of the city of Jönköping, Sweden. The clinical and radiographic examination assessed edentulousness, removable dentures, implants, number of teeth, caries, restorations, oral hygiene, calculus, periodontal status, and endodontic treatment. The frequency of edentulous individuals aged 40-70 years was 16, 12, 8, 1, and 0.3% in 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003, and 2013, respectively. No complete denture weareryounger than 80-years old was found in 2013. During the 40-year period, the mean number of teeth in the age groups 30-80 years increased. In 2013, the 60-year-olds had nearly complete dentitions. Implants were found in all age groups from 30 years of age. The total number of individuals with implants was 36 in 2013. This was higher than earlier surveys, 4 in 1993, and 18 in 2003. The percentage of children and adults without caries and restorations increased during the 40-year period. It was found that the percentage of caries-free 3- and 5-year-olds were 79% and 69%, respectively, of the individuals in 2013. In the age groups 10-20 years, the percentage of caries-free individuals increased between 2003 and 2013. In 2013, 43% of the 15-year-olds were completely free from caries and restorations compared to 20% in 2003. In all age groups 5-60 years, DFS was lower in 2013 compared to the earlier examinations.There was no major change in DFS between 2003 and 2013 in the age groups 70 and 80 years. The most obvious change was the decrease in number of FS over the 40-year period of time. Regarding crowned teeth the most clear changes between 1973 to 2013 were the decrease in percentage of crowned teeth in the age groups 40 and 50-year-olds. The percentage of endodontically treated teeth decreased between 1973 and 2013 in all age groups. In age groups 10-30-year-olds a major reduction from about 30% to 15% in mean plaque score was seen between 1973-2003. Only a minor change in plaque score was seen during the last decade. For the age groups 40 years and older, a decrease in the percentage of surfaces with plaque was observed between 2003-2013. The percentage of tooth sites with gingivitis was for 20 years and older about 40% in 1973. In 2013, the percentage was about 15%. The frequency of sites with gingivitis was generally lower in 2013 compared with the otheryears,1973-1993. The percentage of individuals with probing pocket depths > 4mm increased with age. Between 2003-2013 a clear reduction was seen in all age groups in frequency of individuals with probing pocket depth > 4mm. Over the 40-year period an increase in the number of individuals with no marginal bone loss and a decrease in the number of subjects with moderate alveolar bone loss were seen. The continuous improvement in oral health and the reduced need of restorative treatment will seriously affect the provision of dental helath care and dental delivery system in the near future.
PubMed ID
26529833 View in PubMed
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Oral health of individuals aged 3-80 years in Jönköping, Sweden, during 40 years (1973-2013). I. Review of findings on oral care habits and knowledge of oral health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature269038
Source
Swed Dent J. 2015;39(2):57-68
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Ola Norderyd
Göran Kochi
Apostolos Papias
Alkisti Anastassaki Köhler
Anna Nydell Helkimo
Carl-Otto Brahm
Ulrika Lindmark
Ninita Lindfors
Anna Mattsson
Bo Rolander
Christer Ullbro
Elisabeth Wárnberg Gerdin
Fredrik Frisk
Source
Swed Dent J. 2015;39(2):57-68
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Carbonated Beverages - statistics & numerical data
Child
Child, Preschool
Dental Anxiety - epidemiology
Dental Caries - etiology
Dental Devices, Home Care - utilization
Dental Health Surveys
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Oral Health
Oral Hygiene
Sweden - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
The aim of the this study was to present data on oral care habits and knowledge of oral health in 2013, and to compare these data with results from a series of four previous cross-sectional epidemiological studies. All these studies were carried out in the city of Jönköping, Sweden, in 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003, and 2013. The 1973 study constituted a random sample of 1,ooo individuals evenly distributed in the age groups 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 years. The same age groups with addition of a group of 80-year-olds were included in the 1983, 1993, 2003, and 2013 studies, which comprised 1,104; 1,078; 987; and 1,010 individuals, respectively. A questionnaire about dental care habits and knowledge of oral health was used. The questionnaire contained the same questions in all the five studies, although some had to be slightly modernised during the 40-year period. During the period 1973-2013, a continous increase of individuals in the age group 20-60 years were treated by the Public Dental Service amounting to about 50%. Almost 70% of the 70- and 80-year-olds were treated by private practitioners. In 2013, 10-20% of the individuals in the age groups 30-40 years did not regularly visit neither Public Dental Service nor a private practitioner. The corresponding figures for the individuals 50-80 years old were 4-7%. Similar number of avoidance was reported in the previous studies. In the survey 2013, about 20-30% of the individuals in the age groups 20-50 felt frightened, sick, or ill at ease at the prospect of an appointment with the dentist. These findings were in agreement with the results from the surveys 1973-2003. Among the younger age groups, 0-15 years, a reduction in self-reported "ill at ease" was found in the surveys 2003 and 2013 compared to the previous surveys in this series. In 2013, the knowledge of the etiology of caries was known by about 60% of the individuals which was similar to that reported 1973-2003. Twenty per cent of the individuals stated that they did not know which etiological factors that causes caries. This percentage was equivalent during the period 1973-2013.About 85% of the individuals in all age groups brushed their teeth with fluoride tooth paste at least two times a day. These frequencies have gradually increased during the 40-year period. Around 40% in the age groups 50-80 years used toothpicks regularly in 2013. This is a about 1/3-1/2 less compared to 2003. In the age groups 20-40 years 3-14% used toothpicks for proximal cleaning in 2013. In 2013, about 35% of the individuals never consumed soft drinks, in comparison with 20% in 2003. In the age groups 3-20 years about 20% were consuming soft drinks every day or several times a week,which is a reduction by half compared to 2013.
PubMed ID
26529832 View in PubMed
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Oral Health Status of Older Adults in Sweden Receiving Elder Care: Findings From Nursing Assessments.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature283064
Source
Nurs Res. 2016 May-Jun;65(3):215-23
Publication Type
Article
Author
Isabelle Johansson
Henrik Jansson
Ulrika Lindmark
Source
Nurs Res. 2016 May-Jun;65(3):215-23
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Deglutition Disorders - diagnosis
Female
Geriatric Assessment - methods
Gingivitis - diagnosis
Humans
Lip Diseases - diagnosis
Male
Mouth Diseases - diagnosis - nursing
Nurse's Role
Nursing Assessment - methods
Nursing Homes
Oral Health - statistics & numerical data
Oral Hygiene
Saliva - secretion
Sweden
Tongue Diseases - diagnosis
Abstract
Frail elderly people often have poor oral hygiene, contributing to oral health problems that can detract significantly from quality of life.
The aim of this study was to describe oral health status of frail elderly individuals using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide-Jönköping (ROAG-J), a mouth assessment instrument that can be used in daily nursing care.
Data were obtained from the Swedish Senior Alert quality registry in one Swedish municipality. ROAG-J assessments on admission to elder care and one subsequent occasion were used. ROAG-J measurements documented oral health in nine areas: voice, lips, oral mucosa, tongue, gums, teeth, saliva, swallowing, and presence of any prostheses or implants. Assessments were made by nursing staff during the course of daily nursing care.
Individuals 65 years of age or older and receiving elder care services (N = 667) were involved; 1,904 assessments made between November 2011 and March 2014 were used for the analysis. On the basis of both assessments, less than one third of participants had oral health problems. No significant difference in any of the oral health variables was found between first and subsequent assessments. At first assessment, men and women differed in tongue health (p
PubMed ID
27124257 View in PubMed
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14 records – page 1 of 2.