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A 2-year follow-up of involuntary admission's influence upon adherence and outcome in first-episode psychosis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature145997
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2010 May;121(5):371-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2010
Author
S. Opjordsmoen
S. Friis
I. Melle
U. Haahr
J O Johannessen
T K Larsen
J I Røssberg
B R Rund
E. Simonsen
P. Vaglum
T H McGlashan
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål and Institute of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, Norway. o.s.e.ilner@medisin.uio.no
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2010 May;121(5):371-6
Date
May-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Antipsychotic Agents - therapeutic use
Combined Modality Therapy
Commitment of Mentally Ill
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Norway
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Patient Compliance - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Psychotherapy - statistics & numerical data
Psychotic Disorders - epidemiology - rehabilitation
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
To see, if voluntary admission for treatment in first-episode psychosis results in better adherence to treatment and more favourable outcome than involuntary admission.
We compared consecutively first-admitted, hospitalised patients from a voluntary (n = 91) with an involuntary (n = 126) group as to psychopathology and functioning using Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and Global Assessment of Functioning Scales at baseline, after 3 months and at 2 year follow-up. Moreover, duration of supportive psychotherapy, medication and number of hospitalisations during the 2 years were measured.
More women than men were admitted involuntarily. Voluntary patients had less psychopathology and better functioning than involuntary patients at baseline. No significant difference as to duration of psychotherapy and medication between groups was found. No significant difference was found as to psychopathology and functioning between voluntarily and involuntarily admitted patients at follow-up.
Legal admission status per se did not seem to influence treatment adherence and outcome.
PubMed ID
20085554 View in PubMed
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[Admissions to emergency psychiatric departments].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198402
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2000 Feb 10;120(4):513
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-10-2000
Author
S. Opjordsmoen
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2000 Feb 10;120(4):513
Date
Feb-10-2000
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Emergency Service, Hospital
Emergency Services, Psychiatric
Humans
Norway
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Notes
Comment On: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2000 Jan 10;120(1):55-610815480
PubMed ID
10833947 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of medical disability after whiplash injury. The first 112 cases assessed by the expert group appointed by the Norwegian Medical Association].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature209537
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1997 Jan 10;117(1):17-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-10-1997
Author
S. Opjordsmoen
O. Bøyesen
K. Nestvold
M. Rø
G. Unsgård
T. Vigen
Author Affiliation
Klinikk for psykiatri Ullevål sykehus, Oslo.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1997 Jan 10;117(1):17-21
Date
Jan-10-1997
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Disability Evaluation
Female
Humans
Insurance Claim Review
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Whiplash Injuries - diagnosis
Notes
Comment In: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1997 Mar 20;117(8):1185-69148497
PubMed ID
9064803 View in PubMed
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Association between patients' gender, age and immigrant background and use of restraint--a 2-year retrospective study at a department of emergency psychiatry.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature163375
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2007;61(3):201-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
M. Knutzen
L. Sandvik
E. Hauff
S. Opjordsmoen
S. Friis
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. maria.knutzen@ulleval.no
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2007;61(3):201-6
Date
2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Antipsychotic Agents - administration & dosage
Emergency Service, Hospital - statistics & numerical data
Emergency Services, Psychiatric - methods - statistics & numerical data
Emigration and Immigration - statistics & numerical data
Ethnic groups - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Hypnotics and Sedatives - administration & dosage
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
Middle Aged
Minority Groups - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Norway - epidemiology
Restraint, Physical - utilization
Retrospective Studies
Sex Factors
Social Isolation
Abstract
The study aimed to determine rates and types of patient restraint, and their relationship to age, gender and immigrant background. The study retrospectively examined routinely collected data and data from restraint protocols in a department of acute psychiatry over a 2-year period. Each patient is only counted once in this period, controlling for readmission. Of 960 admitted patients, 14% were exposed to the use of restraints. The rate was significantly higher among patients with immigrant background, especially in the younger age groups. Most commonly used were mechanical restraint alone for native-born patients and a combination of mechanical and pharmacological restraints for patients with immigrant background. The use of restraints decreased when patients reached 60 years. Both patients' age and immigrant background seem to have an impact on the use of restraint.
PubMed ID
17523032 View in PubMed
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Cerebral stroke in hospitals in Oslo. A prevalence study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature245307
Source
J Oslo City Hosp. 1980 Nov-Dec;30(11-12):145-50
Publication Type
Article
Author
S. Opjordsmoen
I. Aursnes
Source
J Oslo City Hosp. 1980 Nov-Dec;30(11-12):145-50
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Cerebrovascular Disorders - epidemiology
Female
Hospitals
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
PubMed ID
7218079 View in PubMed
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Clinical epidemiologic first-episode psychosis: 1-year outcome and predictors.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature163098
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2007 Jul;116(1):54-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2007
Author
E. Simonsen
S. Friis
U. Haahr
J O Johannessen
T K Larsen
I. Melle
S. Opjordsmoen
B R Rund
P. Vaglum
T. McGlashan
Author Affiliation
Roskilde Psychiatric University Hospital Fjorden, Roskilde, Denmark. rfes@ra.dk
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2007 Jul;116(1):54-61
Date
Jul-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Affect
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Norway - epidemiology
Prospective Studies
Psychotic Disorders - drug therapy - epidemiology
Remission Induction
Schizophrenia - drug therapy - epidemiology
Social Behavior
Abstract
To describe 1-year outcome in a large clinical epidemiologic sample of first-episode psychosis and its predictors.
A total of 301 patients with first-episode psychosis from four healthcare sectors in Norway and Denmark receiving common assessments and standardized treatment were evaluated at baseline, at 3 months, and at 1 year.
Substantial clinical and social improvements occurred within the first 3 months. At 1-year 66% were in remission, 11% in relapse, and 23% continuously psychotic. Female gender and better premorbid functioning were predictive of less severe negative symptoms. Shorter DUP was predictive for shorter time to remission, stable remission, less severe positive symptoms, and better social functioning. Female gender, better premorbid social functioning and more education also contributed to a better social functioning.
This first-episode sample, being well treated, may be typical of the early course of schizophrenia in contemporary centers.
PubMed ID
17559601 View in PubMed
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Death rates and causes of death in cohorts of serum hepatitis patients followed up for more than 20 years.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature56655
Source
Epidemiol Infect. 2001 Feb;126(1):89-96
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2001
Author
S. Gjeruldsen
M. Abdelnoor
S. Opjordsmoen
B. Myrvang
Author Affiliation
Department of Infectious Diseases, Ullevål Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
Source
Epidemiol Infect. 2001 Feb;126(1):89-96
Date
Feb-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Cause of Death
Cohort Studies
Comparative Study
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hepatitis, Viral, Human - blood - complications - mortality
Hospitalization
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Risk factors
Substance-Related Disorders - blood - complications - mortality
Survival Analysis
Abstract
A cohort of 214 drug addicts with serum hepatitis and a cohort of 193 hepatitis patients without drug addiction were examined in respect of death rates, causes of death and a number of risk factors for reduced survival. The death rate was significantly higher among the drug addicts than among non-addicts. The annual mortality rate was 1.5% in the drug addict group and 0.7% in the non-addict group. The highest relative risk of death was 860 for female drug addicts in age group 15-24 compared to females of the same age in the general population. The most prevalent cause of death in the drug addict group was drug overdose (53%), whereas in the other group 66% died from various somatic diseases. Hepatitis or complications of viral hepatitis played no role as cause of death among the drug addicts, and infections as a whole were also responsible for very few deaths. For male drug addicts, imprisonment before admission and leaving hospital without the doctors' permission were risk factors for early death.
PubMed ID
11293686 View in PubMed
Less detail

Delusional psychoses associated with unpatriotic conduct during World War II: a long-term follow-up study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227619
Source
Psychopathology. 1991;24(4):209-18
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
N. Retterstøl
S. Opjordsmoen
Author Affiliation
Psychiatric Institute, Gaustad Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway.
Source
Psychopathology. 1991;24(4):209-18
Date
1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Combat Disorders - psychology
Delusions - psychology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hospitalization
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Paranoid Disorders - psychology - rehabilitation
Political Systems
Politics
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Psychotic Disorders - psychology - rehabilitation
Social Adjustment
War
Abstract
Of a large sample of patients with paranoid psychoses consecutively admitted to the Psychiatric Department, University of Oslo, during a period after World War II, 10 patients (6.3%, 9 women and 1 man) became ill through accusations of unpatriotic conduct during the war. The psychosis seemed precipitated in connection with legal procedures against the patient in 3 cases, and against close relatives in 2 patients. In 2 cases mixed precipitating events were present, while the psychosis in 3 cases had a connection with the woman being intimate with occupation soldiers. Discharge diagnosis according to DSM-III was schizophrenia (n = 2), schizophreniform disorder (n = 4), schizoaffective disorder (n = 1), major depressive disorder (n = 1), mania (n = 1), and atypical psychosis (n = 1). The patients have been followed up twice, with a mean 31 years of observation. Course and outcome varied, mostly according to the diagnosis. Most patients had a favorable global outcome, although they had a tendency to keep up their social isolation. None of the patients felt they had done anything wrong or regretted their behavior during the war.
PubMed ID
1754652 View in PubMed
Less detail

Depression during pregnancy and after delivery: a repeated measurement study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature45777
Source
J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Mar;25(1):15-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2004
Author
M. Eberhard-Gran
K. Tambs
S. Opjordsmoen
A. Skrondal
A. Eskild
Author Affiliation
Section of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. malin.eberhard-gran@fhi.no
Source
J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Mar;25(1):15-21
Date
Mar-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Chi-Square Distribution
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Depression, Postpartum - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Mothers - psychology
Norway - epidemiology
Pregnancy
Prevalence
Reproducibility of Results
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Self Concept
Social Support
Time Factors
Women's health
Abstract
The aim of this study was to examine the risk of depression in the postpartum period (first four months after delivery) as compared to the remaining postnatal year and the pregnancy period. All postpartum women from two municipalities in Norway were included in a questionnaire study of mental health (n = 416). Over 50% of the women (n = 259) answered an identical questionnaire at an additional time either before or after the postpartum period. The level of depression was measured by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Hopkins Symptom Check List-25 items (SCL-25). The point prevalence of depression (EPDS> or =10) in the first four months postpartum did not differ significantly as compared to other time periods during pregnancy and the postnatal year. This finding remained also after controlling for other risk factors of depression; high score on the life event scale, prior depression and poor partner relationship. There was a non-significant trend of lower prevalence of depression during early pregnancy and after the first eight postnatal months. In conclusion, our findings suggest that the first four months postpartum were not distinguished by higher depression prevalence as compared to other time periods during pregnancy and the first postnatal year.
PubMed ID
15376401 View in PubMed
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Depression in postpartum and non-postpartum women: prevalence and risk factors.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature45967
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2002 Dec;106(6):426-33
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2002
Author
M. Eberhard-Gran
A. Eskild
K. Tambs
S O Samuelsen
S. Opjordsmoen
Author Affiliation
Section of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. malin.eberhard-gran@folkehelsa.no
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2002 Dec;106(6):426-33
Date
Dec-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Case-Control Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Depression, Postpartum - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Female
Humans
Norway - epidemiology
Odds Ratio
Prevalence
Reproducibility of Results
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Self Concept
Social Support
Women's health
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of depression in postpartum women as compared with non-postpartum women, and to identify risk factors of depression in both groups. METHOD: A population based questionnaire study was performed among women 18-40 years in two municipalities in Norway in 1998-1999. A total of 2,730 women were included, of whom 416 were in the postpartum period. RESULTS: The prevalence of depression was higher in non-postpartum as compared with postpartum women. High scores on the life event scale, a history of depression and a poor relationship to the partner were associated with depression in both postpartum and non-postpartum women. When controlling for the identified risk factors of depression the odds-ratio for depression in the postpartum period was 1.6 (95% CI: 1.0-2.6). CONCLUSION: The risk for depression was increased in the postpartum period, when controlling for the uneven distribution of risk factors.
PubMed ID
12392485 View in PubMed
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23 records – page 1 of 3.