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A functional comparison of patients with schizophrenia between the North and South of Europe.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature134385
Source
Eur Psychiatry. 2012 Aug;27(6):442-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2012
Author
L. Helldin
R. Cavallaro
S. Galderisi
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, NU-Health Care Hospital, 46185 Trollhattan, Sweden. lars@helldin.se
Source
Eur Psychiatry. 2012 Aug;27(6):442-4
Date
Aug-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living - psychology
Adult
Disability Evaluation
Female
Humans
Italy
Male
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Schizophrenia - diagnosis
Schizophrenic Psychology
Sweden
Abstract
The main objective of this study was to compare clinical and functional outcomes of patients with schizophrenia in Italy and Sweden with a special focus on daily functioning performance and real life milestones. Also, to study if outcome is to be regarded as a consequence of premorbid function, the level of symptom control and functional capacity or if other influences, such as cultural differences, must parallel be considered.
Ninety-five patients from three centres, Milan and Naples in Italy and Trollhattan in Sweden were investigated. The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and the UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment - Brief version were used together with patients' school history and their status of accommodation and occupation.
Patients in Trollhattan were more likely to live independently and patients in Naples to have a work or take part in education. Differences in symptoms and the performance test were present but subtle.
Differences in real life milestones were not explained by corresponding differences in symptoms, premorbid function or the performance-based test. It is therefore not appropriate only to present functional outcome as an expression of how successful treatment has been.
PubMed ID
21592737 View in PubMed
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