The information about foundation, development and main areas of activity of All-Russian Service for Disaster Medicine is given. Almost 20 years professional staff members help to save lives and health of people injured in emergency situations in Russia and other countries. There are 81 territorial centers for disaster medicine. The main center is All-Russian center for disaster medicine Zaschita. Its organizational structure, performance indexes including development of information and communication technology, telehealth, organization of firs-aid in a traffic collision are considered. The main ways of improvement of the whole service for disaster medicine including service for disaster medicine of Ministry of Defense are shown.
The paper summarizes the results of 10-year activity of the ad hoc commission on "The Problems of Human Protection under Extreme Conditions" of the Interdepartmental Scientific Council on Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. It shows the work of the Commission on Planning, Organization, and Coordination of Researches in the Development and Introduction of New Human Protective Agents and Means from Exposures to Chemical, Physical, and Biological Agents under Extreme Conditions. The prospects of the Commission's work have been defined for the coming 5 years, by taking into account the priority lines of development of science, technology, engineering in the Russian Federation.
The article describes the methodology which makes it possible to evaluate probable irretrievable losses among personnel and population taking into account the structure and dynamics of the disaster factor, as well as the following data: the time of detection and warning notice about contamination with strong noxious toxic substances (SNTS), availability of individual and collective protection against chemical agents for troops and population, toxic dosage of SNTS, acceptable time of safety gas masking, estimated defeated time of gas mask due to lack of oxygen inside SNTS cloud, evaluation of territory contamination by different SNTS if several chemical cisterns were destroyed, etc.
[The role of the All-Russia calamity-medicine center "Zashchita" and of other healthcare bodies in liquidating the medical-and-sanitary consequences of floods (on the occasion of the 10-anniversary of the center)].