Otitis media (OM) is one of the most common early childhood infections, resulting in an enormous economic burden to the health care system through unscheduled doctor visits and antibiotic prescriptions.
The objective of this study was to investigate the potential association between ambient air pollution exposure and emergency department (ED) visits for OM.
Ten years of ED data were obtained from Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, and linked to levels of air pollution: carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter (PM) of median aerometric diameter
Cites: An Pediatr (Barc). 2004 Feb;60(2):133-814757016
Cites: Vaccine. 2008 Dec 23;26 Suppl 7:G5-1019094935
The American Academy of Pediatrics called for action for improved screening of mental health issues in the emergency department (ED). We developed the rapid screening tool home, education, activities/peers, drugs/alcohol, suicidality, emotions/behavior, discharge resources (HEADS-ED), which is a modification of "HEADS," a mnemonic widely used to obtain a psychosocial history in adolescents. The reliability and validity of the tool and its potential for use as a screening measure are presented.
ED patients presenting with mental health concerns from March 1 to May 30, 2011 were included. Crisis intervention workers completed the HEADS-ED and the Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths-Mental Health tool (CANS MH) and patients completed the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). Interrater reliability was assessed by using a second HEADS-ED rater for 20% of the sample.
A total of 313 patients were included, mean age was 14.3 (SD 2.63), and there were 182 females (58.1%). Interrater reliability was 0.785 (P
The focus of this study was to describe the clinical data that pediatric emergentologists recorded and how they were used in the mental health (MH) care of patients.
A structured chart review was conducted for all MH presentations to a pediatric emergency department in 2007. Three research assistants extracted clinical chart data and completed the Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths Tool.
The clinical records of 495 children and youth were reviewed. Emergentologists referred 124 (25.4%) for a psychiatric consult, and 46 (37%) of these patients were admitted to either an inpatient psychiatric or eating-disorders unit. Psychosis, suicide risk, eating disturbance, anxiety, and resistance to treatment predicted admission to the psychiatric inpatient unit or the eating-disorders unit. Of the 365 patients discharged back to the community, the majority (n = 189, 51.8%) were referred back to their family physician. For 117 patients (32%), there was no discharge documentation in the medical chart. Age, parent present, currently on medication, currently receiving counseling, depression, anxiety, and adjustment to trauma predicted provision of charted recommendation.
This study revealed that the pediatric emergentologists' charting of MH patients is inconsistent and incomplete. Although recorded clinical data predicted psychiatric consultation and disposition for these patients, missing data were evident in a significant number of records. The results of the study point to a need to develop a more uniform approach to the collection and recording of clinical data for MH patients.
The objective was to examine utilization of ß2 agonists via metered dose inhalers with oral and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) at discharge in children with acute asthma.
This was a retrospective medical record review at six pediatric emergency departments (EDs) of otherwise healthy children 2 to 17 years of age discharged with acute asthma. Data were extracted on history, disease severity, and pharmacotherapy used in the ED and at discharge. The primary outcome was the proportion of children prescribed "comprehensive therapy," i.e., albuterol via metered dose inhaler (MDI) with oral and ICS.
The overall rate of comprehensive therapy was 382 of 654 (58%), which varied from 30% to 84% (p
Despite strong recommendations in the asthma guidelines, the use of written self-management plans remains low among asthmatic patients.
To develop a written self-management plan, based on scientific evidence and expert opinions, in a format intended to facilitate its dispensing by health care professionals, and to test the perception of its relevance and clarity by asthmatic children, adolescents and adults.
Inspired by previously tested self-management plans, surveys of asthma educators, expert opinions and the 2004 Canadian Asthma Guidelines, the authors simultaneously developed French and English versions of a written self-management plan that coupled with a prescription. The self-management plan was tested in parents and their asthmatic children (aged one to 17 years), and it was revised until 85% clarity and perceived relevance was achieved.
Ninety-seven children and their parents were interviewed. Twenty per cent had a self-management plan. On the final revision, nearly all items were clear and perceived relevant by 85% or more of the interviewees. Two self-management plans were designed for clinics and acute care settings, respectively. The plans are divided into three control zones identified by symptoms with optional peak flow values and symbolized by traffic light colours. They are designed in triplicate format with a prescription slip, a medical chart copy and a patient copy.
The written self-management plans, based on available scientific evidence and expert opinions, are clear and perceived to be relevant by children, adolescents and their parents. By incorporating the prescription and chart copies, they were designed to facilitate dispensing by physicians in both clinics and acute care settings.
Cites: Lancet. 2003 Mar 29;361(9363):1071-612672309