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Adaptive governance and institutional strategies for climate-induced community relocations in Alaska.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature113760
Source
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jun 4;110(23):9320-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-4-2013
Author
Robin Bronen
F Stuart Chapin
Author Affiliation
Resilience and Adaptation Program, Alaska Institute for Justice, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA. rbronen@yahoo.com
Source
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jun 4;110(23):9320-5
Date
Jun-4-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alaska
Climate change
Conservation of Natural Resources - methods
Consumer Participation
Emigration and Immigration - statistics & numerical data
Environmental Policy
Humans
Residence Characteristics
Abstract
This article presents governance and institutional strategies for climate-induced community relocations. In Alaska, repeated extreme weather events coupled with climate change-induced coastal erosion impact the habitability of entire communities. Community residents and government agencies concur that relocation is the only adaptation strategy that can protect lives and infrastructure. Community relocation stretches the financial and institutional capacity of existing governance institutions. Based on a comparative analysis of three Alaskan communities, Kivalina, Newtok, and Shishmaref, which have chosen to relocate, we examine the institutional constraints to relocation in the United States. We identify policy changes and components of a toolkit that can facilitate community-based adaptation when environmental events threaten people's lives and protection in place is not possible. Policy changes include amendment of the Stafford Act to include gradual geophysical processes, such as erosion, in the statutory definition of disaster and the creation of an adaptive governance framework to allow communities a continuum of responses from protection in place to community relocation. Key components of the toolkit are local leadership and integration of social and ecological well-being into adaptation planning.
Notes
Cites: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010 May;1196:1-35420593524
Cites: Environ Manage. 2008 Apr;41(4):487-50018228089
PubMed ID
23690592 View in PubMed
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