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Association between perceived security of the neighbourhood and small-for-gestational-age birth.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature155264
Source
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2008 Sep;22(5):467-77
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2008
Author
Nathalie Auger
Mark Daniel
Robert W Platt
Yuquan Wu
Zhong-Cheng Luo
Robert Choinière
Author Affiliation
Unité Etudes et Analyses de l'Etat de Santé de la Population, Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec, Québec, Canada. nathalie.auger@inspq.qc.ca
Source
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2008 Sep;22(5):467-77
Date
Sep-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Birth weight
Canada - epidemiology
Crime - psychology
Emigrants and Immigrants
Female
Gestational Age
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age
Models, Statistical
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome - epidemiology
Regression Analysis
Residence Characteristics
Risk factors
Social Environment
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban health
Abstract
Evidence points to an association between a mother's place of residence and her newborn's health, independent of individual characteristics. Neighbourhood constructs such as immigrant density, deprivation and crime have all been separately associated with birth outcomes. Little research has considered the joint influence of variables representing a spectrum of neighbourhood constructs. Subjective vs. objective measures of neighbourhood constructs (e.g. reported vs. perceived crime) are often not considered. We sought to evaluate the relationship between neighbourhood measures of reported crime, neighbourhood perceived security, immigrant density, material/social deprivation, residential stability and the odds of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth in an urban setting in Canada. Neighbourhood was defined as police districts (n = 49). We linked Montreal livebirths 1997-2001 (n = 98 330) to police district crime measures, survey data on perceived security, and 2001 census data. We used multi-level analysis to calculate odds ratios (OR) for neighbourhood effects on SGA birth accounting for individual characteristics. Mothers residing in neighbourhoods with the most favourable perception had a lower odds of SGA birth than neighbourhoods with the least favourable perception [OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.77, 0.97]. Mothers in neighbourhoods with lower proportions of immigrants had lower odds of SGA birth relative to neighbourhoods with the highest proportion of immigrants. Reported crime, residential stability and material/social deprivation (accounting for neighbourhood perception) were not associated with SGA birth. Immigrant density and subjective perceptions of neighbourhood security are associated with SGA birth. Public health strategies to improve fetal growth should target neighbourhoods with low perceived security and high immigrant density.
PubMed ID
18782253 View in PubMed
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The Canadian census mortality follow-up study, 1991 through 2001.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature154774
Source
Health Rep. 2008 Sep;19(3):25-43
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2008
Author
Russell Wilkins
Michael Tjepkema
Cameron Mustard
Robert Choinière
Author Affiliation
Health Information and Research Division at Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Russell.Wilkins@statcan.gc.ca
Source
Health Rep. 2008 Sep;19(3):25-43
Date
Sep-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Canada - epidemiology
Censuses
Disability Evaluation
Educational Status
Ethnic Groups - statistics & numerical data
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Income
Language
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality - trends
Occupations
Proportional Hazards Models
Socioeconomic Factors
Survival Analysis
Abstract
An important step in monitoring progress toward reducing or eliminating inequalities in health is to determine the distribution of mortality rates across various groups defined by education, occupation, income, language, ethnicity, and Aboriginal, visible minority and disability status. This article describes the methods used to link census data from the long-form questionnaire to mortality data, and reports simple findings for the major groups.
Mortality from June 4, 1991 to December 31, 2001 was tracked among a 15% sample of the adult population of Canada, who completed the 1991 census long-form questionnaire (about 2.7 million, including 260,000 deaths). Age-specific and age-standardized mortality rates were calculated across the various groups, as were hazard ratios and period life tables.
Compared with people of higher socio-economic status, mortality rates were elevated among those of lower socio-economic status, regardless of whether status was determined by education, occupation or income. The findings reveal a stair-stepped gradient, with bigger steps near the bottom of the socio-economic hierarchy.
PubMed ID
18847143 View in PubMed
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The joint influence of marital status, interpregnancy interval, and neighborhood on small for gestational age birth: a retrospective cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature158559
Source
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2008;8:7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
Nathalie Auger
Mark Daniel
Robert W Platt
Zhong-Cheng Luo
Yuquan Wu
Robert Choinière
Author Affiliation
Unité Etudes et analyses de l'état de santé de la population, Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Montréal, Québec, Canada. nathalie.auger@inspq.qc.ca
Source
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2008;8:7
Date
2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Birth Intervals - statistics & numerical data
Cohort Studies
Confidence Intervals
Female
Health status
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age
Logistic Models
Male
Marital Status - statistics & numerical data
Maternal Behavior
Odds Ratio
Poverty - statistics & numerical data
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome - epidemiology
Quebec - epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Social Environment
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
Interpregnancy interval (IPI), marital status, and neighborhood are independently associated with birth outcomes. The joint contribution of these exposures has not been evaluated. We tested for effect modification between IPI and marriage, controlling for neighborhood.
We analyzed a cohort of 98,330 live births in Montréal, Canada from 1997-2001 to assess IPI and marital status in relation to small for gestational age (SGA) birth. Births were categorized as subsequent-born with short (
Notes
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PubMed ID
18307804 View in PubMed
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