The consortium on dementia with Lewy bodies has established consensus guidelines for the neuropathologic diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) including the likelihood that the neuropathologic findings associate with the clinical syndrome. Nevertheless, clinico-pathological correlations remain controversial. We applied the consensus guidelines for determining Lewy-related pathology (LRP) and evaluated the clinical presentation in the prospective, population-based Vantaa 85+ study consisting of individuals at least 85 years of age. LRP was seen in 36% of 304 subjects and categorized as follows: 3% brainstem-predominant, 14% limbic, 15% diffuse neocortical type (4% could not be categorized). The likelihood that the neuropathology predicts the DLB clinical syndrome was low in 6%, intermediate in 13%, and high in 13% of all 304 subjects. In the latter two groups, 77% were demented, 35% had at least one extrapyramidal symptom, and 15% had visual hallucinations. Surprisingly, DLB clinical features associated better with high neurofibrillary stage than with diffuse neocortical LRP. Moreover, the neurofibrillary stage, substantia nigra neuron loss, and grade of Lewy neurites in hippocampal CA2-3 region, each showed a significant association with the extent of LRP. In conclusion, the neuropathologic DLB in this very elderly population was common, but the clinical symptoms tended to associate better with severe neurofibrillary pathology than with extensive LRP.
Senile systemic amyloidosis (SSA) is characterized by deposition of wild-type transthyretin (TTR)-based amyloid in parenchymal organs in elderly individuals. Previously, no population-based studies have been performed on SSA.
Here we have studied the prevalence and risk factors for SSA in a Finnish autopsied population aged 85 or over, as part of the population-based Vantaa 85+ Autopsy Study (n = 256). The diagnosis of SSA was based on histological examination of myocardial samples stained with Congo red and anti-TTR immunohistochemistry. The genotype frequencies of 20 polymorphisms in 9 genes in subjects with and without SSA were compared.
The prevalence of SSA was 25%. SSA was associated with age, myocardial infarctions, the G/G (Val/Val) genotype of the exon 24 polymorphism in the alpha2-macroglobulin (alpha2M), and the H2 haplotype of the tau gene (P-values 0.002, 0.004, 0.042, and 0.016).
This population-based study shows that SSA is very common in old individuals, affecting one-quarter of people aged over 85 years. Myocardial infarctions and variation in the genes for alpha2M and tau may be associated with SSA.
To investigate what kind of changes spouse caregivers of demented patients experience after the onset of dementia (a) in the general atmosphere, happiness, and relations of marriage and (b) in the sexual side of marriage.
Semistructured telephone interviews of spouse caregivers of demented patients.
Community-living demented patients and their spouse caregivers in eastern Finland.
The spouse caregivers of 42 demented patients recruited from a previous intervention study.
The questionnaire covered different areas of marriage from the time before and after the onset of dementia.
A statistically significant decline had occurred in extent of happiness (p = .012), in equal relations (p = .001), and in patients' expressions of sexual needs (p