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Outcomes of neonatal patent ductus arteriosus ligation in Canadian neonatal units with and without pediatric cardiac surgery programs.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature113672
Source
J Pediatr Surg. 2013 May;48(5):909-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2013
Author
Charles Wong
Michael Mak
Sandesh Shivananda
Junmin Yang
Prakeshkumar S Shah
Wendy Seidlitz
Julia Pemberton
Peter G Fitzgerald
Brian H Cameron
Author Affiliation
McMaster Pediatric Surgery Research Collaborative, Hamilton ON, Canada.
Source
J Pediatr Surg. 2013 May;48(5):909-14
Date
May-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abnormalities, Multiple - epidemiology
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal - therapeutic use
Brain Diseases - epidemiology - etiology - ultrasonography
Canada
Cardiology Service, Hospital - organization & administration
Combined Modality Therapy
Databases, Factual
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent - drug therapy - mortality - surgery
Female
Hospital Departments - organization & administration
Hospital Mortality
Humans
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Infant, Premature, Diseases - mortality - surgery
Infant, Small for Gestational Age
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal - statistics & numerical data
Ligation
Male
Patient Transfer - statistics & numerical data
Pediatrics - organization & administration
Postoperative Complications - epidemiology - etiology - ultrasonography
Retrospective Studies
Sepsis - epidemiology - etiology
Severity of Illness Index
Surgery Department, Hospital - organization & administration
Tertiary Care Centers - organization & administration - statistics & numerical data
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Preterm infants needing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation are transferred to a pediatric cardiac center (CC) unless the operation can be done locally by a pediatric surgeon at a non-cardiac center (NCC). We compared infant outcomes after PDA ligation at CC and NCC.
We analyzed 990 preterm infants who had PDA ligation between 2005 and 2009 using the Canadian Neonatal Network database. In-hospital mortality and major morbidities were compared between CC (n=18) and NCC (n=9).
SNAP-II-adjusted mortality rates were similar (CC=8.7% vs NCC=10.7%, P=.32). Significant cranial ultrasound abnormalities (CC=24.1% vs NCC=32.1%, P
PubMed ID
23701758 View in PubMed
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Undergraduate surgical training: variations in program objectives and curriculum implementation across Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature170351
Source
Can J Surg. 2006 Feb;49(1):46-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2006
Author
Shawn S Forbes
Peter G Fitzgerald
Daniel W Birch
Author Affiliation
Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont.
Source
Can J Surg. 2006 Feb;49(1):46-50
Date
Feb-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Curriculum
Education, Medical, Undergraduate - organization & administration
General Surgery - education
Humans
Organizational Objectives
Program Evaluation - trends
Questionnaires
Abstract
Although nationally recognized learning objectives for undergraduate surgical education exist, the extent to which Canadian medical schools follow these guidelines has never been established.
We distributed a survey to all program directors and clinical-teaching-unit coordinators for undergraduate surgery at Canada's 16 medical schools, and subsequently assessed the perceived emphasis placed on learning objectives and student performance, and the impact of instructional tools and teaching locations.
Program directors in 15 medical schools responded to the survey. We identified a wide variation in the emphasis placed on basic learning objectives as well as specialty specific learning objectives. The length of rotations, methods of instruction and tools used to grade student performance also varied widely.
Our findings suggest significant variation in the design and implementation of undergraduate surgical education in Canada. This study may serve as a basis for reassessing learning objectives in Canadian undergraduate surgical education.
Notes
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Cites: Teach Learn Med. 2001 Winter;13(1):21-611273375
Comment In: Can J Surg. 2010 Feb;53(1):E5-620100403
PubMed ID
16524143 View in PubMed
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