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21 records – page 1 of 3.

Anti-caries effect of a 2% Na2PO3F-dentifrice in a Danish fluoride area.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature42423
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1976 Jan;4(1):7-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1976
Author
O P Lind
F R von der Fehr
M J Larsen
I J Möller
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1976 Jan;4(1):7-14
Date
Jan-1976
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
DMF Index
Dental Caries - prevention & control
Dentifrices
Fluoridation
Fluorides, Topical - therapeutic use
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Tooth
Abstract
A 3-year experimental toothbrushing study was conducted in a natural fluoride area in Denmark to evaluate the anti-caries effect of a 2% sodium monofluorophosphate dentifrice. In a previous report the results for the total population of 1,407 schoolchildren, representing a broad age-span (7-12 years), at the commencement of the study in 1970 were given. In the present report results are presented for two subpopulations of "8-year-olds" and "11-year-olds" at the commencement of the study. Differential analysis of the effect of the test dentifrice on defined types of surfaces for the two subpopulations is given. The evaluation was performed using both the conventional DMF-indices and the recently published ECSI-Index6. The evaluation showed that the test dentifrice had a valuable anti-caries effect in both age groups, above and beyond the effect of the waterborne fluoride. Proximal surfaces were affected most baneficially by the active agent both in relative and absolute terms. However, an appreciable caries-preventive effect was also found on the "pit and fissure" surfaces.
PubMed ID
1061652 View in PubMed
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Associations of Neospora caninum seropositivity with gestation number and pregnancy outcome in Danish dairy herds.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature64063
Source
Prev Vet Med. 1999 Jun 11;40(3-4):151-63
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-11-1999
Author
A M Jensen
C. Björkman
A M Kjeldsen
A. Wedderkopp
C. Willadsen
A. Uggla
P. Lind
Author Affiliation
Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre, Aarhus, Denmark. amj@lr.dk
Source
Prev Vet Med. 1999 Jun 11;40(3-4):151-63
Date
Jun-11-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Veterinary - parasitology
Animals
Antibodies, Protozoan - analysis
Antigens, Protozoan - immunology
Cattle
Cattle Diseases - epidemiology - immunology - parasitology
Coccidiosis - epidemiology - immunology - parasitology - veterinary
Dairying
Denmark - epidemiology
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay - veterinary
Female
Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect - veterinary
Litter Size
Male
Neospora - immunology
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic - epidemiology - immunology - parasitology - veterinary
Pregnancy Outcome - veterinary
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Abstract
The prevalence and distribution of seropositivity towards the protozoan parasite Neospora caninum were studied in single blood samples from 1561 cows from 31 Danish dairy herds. Blood samples were analysed by an indirect enzyme-linked immunoassay and an indirect fluorescent-antibody test. Seroprevalence in 15 herds with previous abortions assigned to neosporosis ranged from 1% to 58%, with a mean frequency of 22%. In eight out of 16 herds without a history of N.caninum related abortions, no seroreactors were found. In the remaining eight herds, the seroprevalence ranged from 6% to 59%. The prevalence and distribution of seropositivity, gestation number prior to sampling, and breed were related to abortions and perinatal deaths using a random-effects logistic-regression model. Abortion risk was significantly increased in seropositive animals (OR = 3) and in > or = 2nd-gestation cows (OR = 3). Perinatal death was significantly influenced by gestation number and breed, but not by serostatus. Reproductive performance and culling risk of cows were not affected by serostatus. Seropositivity increased with "age" (i.e. gestation number) (P = 0.02). In open cows, seropositivity tended to decrease with distance from calving (P = 0.05). The proportion of seropositive pregnant cows increased with trimester (P = 0.02).
Notes
Erratum In: Prev Vet Med 2000 Jan 20;43(2):139-40
PubMed ID
10423771 View in PubMed
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The Danish oral health care service for children: from school dental services to oral health care.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature40070
Source
Int Dent J. 1983 Sep;33(3):213-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1983
Author
O P Lind
A. Thøgersen
B. Michaelsen
S. Poulsen
Source
Int Dent J. 1983 Sep;33(3):213-20
Date
Sep-1983
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Child Health Services - trends
Child, Preschool
Delivery of Health Care
Denmark
Dental Care
Dental Health Services - trends
Humans
Infant
School Dentistry - trends
Abstract
The Danish oral health care services for children began its development at the beginning of this century. The aims and main principles of the service were formulated in the 1960s and in 1971 the Danish Parliament passed the Act on the Children's Oral Health Care System. By 1987 a complete oral health care service as a decentralized public health enterprise will be fully established covering all Danish children from 0 to 16 years of age. The oral health care programme is founded on health education and prevention. Treatment services are considered to be a safety net for disease not yet prevented. The oral health care service for children is described in detail and future developments are discussed.
PubMed ID
6579025 View in PubMed
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[Dental caries epidemiology and data processing programs]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature75950
Source
Tandlaegebladet. 1975 Apr;79(7):273-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1975
Author
E. Gadegaard
S. Poulsen
O P Lind
Source
Tandlaegebladet. 1975 Apr;79(7):273-80
Date
Apr-1975
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Computers
DMF Index
Denmark
Dental Caries - epidemiology
Dental Health Surveys
Humans
PubMed ID
1078024 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Dental caries extremes among groups of Danish schoolchildren]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature42952
Source
Tandlaegebladet. 1974 Aug;78(16):635-43
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1974

Effect of regular small group instruction per se on oral health status of Danish schoolchildren.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature41436
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1979 Feb;7(1):17-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1979
Author
N. Agerbaek
B. Melsen
O P Lind
L. Glavind
B. Kristiansen
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1979 Feb;7(1):17-20
Date
Feb-1979
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
DMF Index
Denmark
Dental Caries - prevention & control
Dental Plaque - prevention & control
Evaluation Studies
Female
Gingivitis - prevention & control
Health Education, Dental
Humans
Male
Oral Health
Abstract
A 1-year study of the isolated effect of an intensive motivation program aimed at improving the oral health status of 11-13-year-old schoolchildren was conducted in a Danish provincial town where all children have access to a free and comprehensive school oral health program. The effect was negligible as measured by epidemiologic indices.
PubMed ID
282952 View in PubMed
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Effects of cholesterol and inflammation-sensitive plasma proteins on incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke in men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature53720
Source
Circulation. 2002 Jun 4;105(22):2632-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-4-2002
Author
G. Engström
P. Lind
B. Hedblad
L. Stavenow
L. Janzon
F. Lindgärde
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Medicine, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. Gunnar.Engstrom@smi.mas.lu.se
Source
Circulation. 2002 Jun 4;105(22):2632-7
Date
Jun-4-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Biological Markers - blood
Blood Proteins - analysis
Cerebrovascular Accident - blood - epidemiology - immunology
Ceruloplasmin - analysis
Cholesterol - blood
Cohort Studies
Comorbidity
Fibrinogen - analysis
Follow-Up Studies
Haptoglobins - analysis
Humans
Hypercholesterolemia - blood - epidemiology
Incidence
Inflammation - blood - immunology
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Myocardial Infarction - blood - epidemiology - immunology
Orosomucoid - analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Sweden - epidemiology
alpha 1-Antitrypsin - analysis
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Although cholesterol is a major cardiovascular risk factor, its association with stroke remains controversial. This study explored whether the cholesterol-related incidence of stroke and myocardial infarction is modified by plasma markers of inflammation in a large, population-based cohort with a long follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma cholesterol and 5 inflammation-sensitive plasma proteins (ISP) (fibrinogen, alpha1-antitrypsin, haptoglobin, ceruloplasmin, and orosomucoid) were determined in 6063 healthy men, 28 to 61 years of age. The incidence of stroke, cardiac events (fatal and nonfatal), and cardiovascular deaths was compared between groups defined by levels of cholesterol and ISP. Mean follow-up was 18.7 years. High ISP level was defined as 2 to 5 ISP in the top quartile. High cholesterol was associated with higher levels of ISP. Hypercholesterolemia (> or =6.5 mmol/L, 251 mg/dL) was associated with an increased incidence of ischemic stroke and cardiac events and with a reduced incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage. The ISP levels modified these associations. After risk factor adjustment, men with hypercholesterolemia and high ISP levels had a significantly higher risk of cardiovascular death (relative risk [RR]=2.4; CI, 1.8 to 3.3), cardiac events (RR=2.3; CI, 1.8 to 3.0), and ischemic stroke (RR=2.1; CI, 1.4 to 3.3) than men with normal cholesterol and low ISP levels. In the absence of high ISP levels, hypercholesterolemia was associated with a moderately higher risk of cardiovascular death (RR=1.4; CI, 1.0 to 2.0) and cardiac events (RR=1.5; CI, 1.2 to 1.9) but not significantly with ischemic stroke (RR=1.25; CI, 0.8 to 2.0). CONCLUSIONS: Hypercholesterolemia is associated with high plasma levels of ISP. These proteins increase the cholesterol-related incidence of cardiovascular diseases. In the absence of elevated ISP levels, no statistically confirmed association was found between hypercholesterolemia and ischemic stroke.
Notes
Comment In: Circulation. 2002 Jun 4;105(22):2583-512045159
Comment In: Circulation. 2002 Jun 4;105(22):e911112045180
PubMed ID
12045169 View in PubMed
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Influence of plasma fibrinogen levels on the incidence of myocardial infarction and death is modified by other inflammation-sensitive proteins: a long-term cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature53966
Source
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2001 Mar;21(3):452-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2001
Author
P. Lind
B. Hedblad
L. Stavenow
L. Janzon
K F Eriksson
F. Lindgärde
Author Affiliation
Division of Medical Angiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Epidemiology, Lund University, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. Peter.C.Lind@skane.se
Source
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2001 Mar;21(3):452-8
Date
Mar-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cardiovascular Diseases - blood - mortality
Ceruloplasmin - metabolism
Cohort Studies
Fibrinogen - metabolism
Follow-Up Studies
Haptoglobins - metabolism
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Myocardial Infarction - blood - epidemiology - mortality
Orosomucoid - metabolism
Survival Rate
Sweden - epidemiology
Time Factors
alpha 1-Antitrypsin - metabolism
Abstract
Inflammation may play an important role in atherosclerotic disease. Plasma fibrinogen is an established predictor of cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether other inflammation-sensitive plasma proteins modify this prediction. We studied the incidence of cardiac events and death in men in relation to fibrinogen levels alone and in combination with other proteins. The study was based on 6075 men, who were, on average, 46 years old at the time of the screening examination, which included the quantitative assessment of plasma levels of fibrinogen, orosomucoid, alpha(1)-antitrypsin, haptoglobin, and ceruloplasmin. The concentration of each protein was divided into quartiles for each. This classification made it possible to identify 4 groups, ie, men in the first fibrinogen quartile and at the same time either not belonging to the fourth quartile of any of the other proteins (Q1/No group) or also belonging to the fourth quartile of >/=1 of the additional proteins (Q1/Yes group) and corresponding groups in the fourth fibrinogen quartile (Q4/No and Q4/Yes groups). During the follow-up, which occurred at an average of 16 years, 439 (7.2%) men experienced a cardiac event, and 653 (10.7%) died; 278 of these men died of cardiovascular diseases, with 206 deaths attributed to ischemic heart disease. From the lowest to the highest quartile, there was for each protein a stepwise increase in the incidence of cardiac events and mortality. All-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality were significantly higher in the Q4/Yes group compared with the Q4/No group, but they were similar in the Q4/No and Q1/Yes groups. The incidence of cardiac events was significantly higher in the Q1/Yes and Q4/Yes groups compared with the Q1/No and Q4/No groups, respectively. The increased cardiovascular mortality and cardiac event rates remained after adjustment for several confounders when the Q4/Yes and Q4/No groups were compared. The results suggest that the incidence of cardiac events and death due to cardiovascular diseases in middle-aged men predicted by plasma levels of fibrinogen is modified by other inflammation-sensitive proteins.
PubMed ID
11231928 View in PubMed
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Interpretation of the gamma interferon test for diagnosis of subclinical paratuberculosis in cattle.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature69395
Source
Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2002 Mar;9(2):453-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2002
Author
G. Jungersen
A. Huda
J J Hansen
P. Lind
Author Affiliation
Danish Veterinary Institute, DK-1790 Copenhagen V, Denmark. gju@vetinst.dk
Source
Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2002 Mar;9(2):453-60
Date
Mar-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Antibodies, Bacterial - blood
Antigens, Bacterial - pharmacology
Cattle
Cattle Diseases - blood - diagnosis - immunology
Concanavalin A - pharmacology
Cross Reactions
Dairying
Enterotoxins - pharmacology
Female
Interferon Type II - diagnostic use
Paratuberculosis - blood - diagnosis - immunology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Tuberculin - pharmacology
Abstract
A group of 252 cattle without clinical signs of paratuberculosis (paraTB) in 10 herds infected with paraTB and a group of 117 cattle in 5 herds without paraTB were selected. Whole-blood samples were stimulated with bovine, avian, and johnin purified protein derivative (PPD) and examined for gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) release. For diagnosis of paraTB, satisfactory estimated specificities (95 to 99%) could be obtained by johnin PPD stimulation irrespective of interpretation relative to bovine PPD or no-antigen stimulation alone, but numbers of test positives in the infected herds varied from 64 to 112 with different interpretation criteria. For a limited number of test-positive animals, no change in the test results could be observed with increasing antigen concentrations but IFN-gamma responses were significantly reduced (P
PubMed ID
11874893 View in PubMed
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21 records – page 1 of 3.