The paper considers the material,economic, and social bases of human vital functions on the verge of application of nanotechnologies to practice, as well as the economic, social, and ecological-and-hygienic prospects for their introduction. The authors propose to improve the institutional structure of a state for the provision of a human priority at the introduction stage of nanotechnologies. They justify the need for applying the right of ownership to a citizen's health and for harmonizing this right with other economic, cultural, and environmental ones.
The paper considers theoretical approaches to and rules of thumb for compensation for socioenvironmental damage at the municipal level. There is evidence for the necessity of designing a uniform present-day package of methods to calculate the damage with a uniform complex of evaluation of all factors, both quantitative and non-quantitative ones. The authors propose to finish off early developed procedures to specify and quantify a health-exposure relationship, and to have a more adequate market economic interpretation of the above phenomena.
To reach normal competitiveness in world division of labour, investment projects should stimulate development of human capital towards advance of modern technologies and organizational development of all types of labour. At present time there are only separate calculations of certain types of people's health damage and completely disparate matters of damage compensation exceptionally for chemical contamination effects. The purpose of the paper is development of algorithms to provide hygienic welfare of human capital in investment projects. For this purpose in investments assessment and hygienic examination it is necessary to apply complete and comprehensive (systematic) evaluation of all factors that influence human capital welfare and practical hygienic and research institutions should be focused on systematic elimination of possible dangers and risks of investment projects.