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[Epidemiological surveillance of nosocomial pyo-septic infections].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature190802
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2002;(2):6-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
2002
Author
V V Shkarin
N A Davydova
O V Kovalishena
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2002;(2):6-11
Date
2002
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross Infection - epidemiology
Environmental monitoring
Epidemiological Monitoring
Humans
Population Surveillance
Russia - epidemiology
Sepsis - epidemiology - microbiology
Abstract
The paper analyzes the parameters of epidemiological surveillance of nosocomial pyoseptic infections (NPSI) at surgical hospitals. It considers its basic concepts and presents the authors own findings. Particular emphasis is laid on guidelines for detecting NPSI cases and on epidemiological surveillance. A method of a follow-up is proposed to solve problems in the informational and analytical support of surveillance.
PubMed ID
11924131 View in PubMed
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[Epidemiologic features of hospital pyo-septic infection in a cardiosurgical hospital].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature203867
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1998 Sep-Oct;(5):43-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
V V Shkarin
N A Davydova
O V Kovalishena
E S Sargina
Author Affiliation
State Medical Academy, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1998 Sep-Oct;(5):43-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiology Service, Hospital
Cross Infection - epidemiology
Humans
Prevalence
Pseudomonas Infections - epidemiology
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Sepsis - epidemiology
Staphylococcal Infections - epidemiology
Staphylococcus epidermidis - isolation & purification
Thoracic Surgery
Abstract
The results of the epidemiological analysis of morbidity in purulent septic infection in a cardiosurgical hospital during the period of 1990-1963 is presented. As revealed by this analysis, until 1993 the dominating causative agent of this infection was Pseudomonas aeruginosa O16, and since 1994 Staphylococcus epidermidis prevailed. The morbidity dynamics for several years and during individual years is shown. The main risk factors were established. The reanimation department was found to be the main areas where the contamination of patients occurred.
PubMed ID
9825499 View in PubMed
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[Structural Polymorphism of Genome Islands Encoding Resistance to Beta-Lactams in Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci Isolated at Hospitals of the Russian Federation].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270589
Source
Antibiot Khimioter. 2015;60(7-8):3-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
O A Dmitrenko
A S Ankirskaya
L A Lyubasovskaya
O V Kovalishena
D A Popov
V V Gostev
S V Sidorenko
Source
Antibiot Khimioter. 2015;60(7-8):3-10
Date
2015
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anti-Bacterial Agents - pharmacology
Bacterial Proteins - genetics - metabolism
Bacterial Typing Techniques
Chromosomes, Bacterial - chemistry
Gene Expression
Genomic Islands
Hospitals
Humans
Interspersed Repetitive Sequences
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Molecular Sequence Data
Polymorphism, Genetic
Recombinases - genetics - metabolism
Russia
Staphylococcal Infections - drug therapy - microbiology
Staphylococcus - drug effects - genetics - isolation & purification - pathogenicity
beta-Lactam Resistance - genetics
beta-Lactams - pharmacology
Abstract
Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are considered as a reservoir of mobile genetic elements and first of all of the staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec), defining staphylococci resistance to beta-lactams. Types II, IV, IVa, V, VII and VIII SCCmec were detected among 95 staphylococcal strains isolated in different regions of the Russian Federation. Subtypes C1a, C1b, C1c and C1 SCCmec were also identified (class B mec complex and two complexes of ccr1 and ccr2 genes recombinases). Some other cassette types carrying A, C1 and C2 classes of the mec complexes in combination with various recombinase genes were detected. The S.epidermidis isolates mainly formed cassettes carrying mec complex B, while the S. haemolyticus isolates had cassettes carrying classes C1 and C2 mec complex. Out of 9 isolates of S. hominis 5 isolates carried a new type cassette: class A mec complex in combination with the complex of the recombinase ccr1 genes. SCCmec was not identified in S. capitis and S. pasteuri. Their representatives carried either mec complex (1 isolate of S. pasteuri) or the recombinase complexes (2 isolates of S. capitis). The detected SCCmec variants in CoNS could be a source of emergence of new genetic lines of MRSA.
PubMed ID
26863735 View in PubMed
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