In the article about The First Naval Hospital, that became famous during the Great Patriotic War, the authors present the facts of the heroic work of the hospital and its staff under the hardest conditions of the Siege of Leningrad, in an atmosphere of constant shelling, its productive clinical and scientfic work during the war years (1941-1945). As a material for the preparation of this article were used documents of the Military-Medical Museum, factual information about the history of the hospital published in various sources.
The article is devoted to the history of the creation in 1940 of the Naval Medical Academy on the basis of the 3rd Leningrad Medical Institute and the Institute for sanitary-chemical protection of the People's Commissariat of the USSR. The structure of this institution included, faculties management staff of the medical service, medical and sanitation, Higher Naval Medical School, the Marine Research Institute Medical, higher courses for officers of the medical service, clinical naval hospital. During the period of its activity (1940-1956), the staff of the Naval Medical Academy made a great contribution to the naval medicine and practical public health. The merit of the Academy is not only a beautifully staged academic, medical, research process, but also in the creation of the spirit of the high sea camaraderie, accomplishment and pride for the work which its graduates have dedicated their lives.
The article is devoted to contribution of major general (rear Admiral. - navy) of medical service Nikolay Grigoryevich Ryzhman (1944-2005), the chief of the medical service of the Northern fleet (1991-1999), to development of naval medicine, who would have turn 70 years this September. The constant analysis, and experience generalization of the medical services of the fleet connections and associations and aspiration to provide fighting capacity for the fleet crew - were a keynote of Ryzhman's activity concerned development and deployment of the new forms and methods of medical support and searching of ways to increase crew efficiency. The implemented methods and forms of organization of the medical support and scientific development of the medical support are used even now in the practical activities of the medical service of the Northern fleet.